poetry terms test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
closed
structured
Contemplations
Bradstreet
euphony
pleasing sounds
rhyming couplets
AABBCC
Tetrameter
4 feet
Trimester
Three feet
twist; distort.
warp
Octave
8 line stanza
octet
8 line stanza
septet
seven line stanza
hyperbole
an extreme exaggeration
sestet
6 line stanza
spondaic / /
...
sarcasm
conspicuously bitter, heavy-handed, and mocking verbal irony
double rhyme
two syllable rhyme
lines of poetry
los versos
couplet
two line rhyming stanza
ELEGY
Lyric poem.
Usual formal language/strucure
Often a poem about mourining or death of a person.
stanza
a paragraph in poetry
lyric poem
highly musical verse
alteration
repetition of consonents sounds
poetry
the work of a poet
Rhythm
pattern of beats or stresses.
pun
figurative device; two distinct meanings being suggested either by the same word or by two similar-sounding words
rhyme
when word endings sound alike
Similes
comparison using like or as
Personification
Giving human characteristics to animals, objects, emotions, or ideas
Internal Rhyme
rhyme within a line
Double-entendre
a term with two meanings
Metonymy
Sustitution of something associated with a subject for the subject itself. (e.g., cross for Jesus, White House for president)
iamb
a metrical foot of two syllables
oxymoron
an expression that combines the opposite, contradictory qualities, seemingly nonsensical but capturing some psychological or emotional extreme of ambivalence
meter
regular pattern of stressed and unstresed syllables; arranged so that there is a pattern
limerick
humorous nonsense verse, 5 anapestic lines
denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word
lyrical
expresses the thoughts/feelings of a SINGLE speaker (very musical)
Alliteration
Repetition of the same consonant sounds
paradox
the existence of two seemingly contradictory things at one time
Repitition
sounds, words, phrases, lines or stanzaz are repeated for emphasis
the setting for mr. meisenheimer's garden is ________
Virginia
imagery
descriptive writing that creates a picture in the readers mind using the five senses
tone
the writer's attitude toward the subject he or she is writing about or the speaker's attitude toward the subject he or she is talking about
Repetition
a repeating sound, line, syllable, etc. bring reinforcement to the meaning of a poem, fufullment
metaphor
a comparison between seemingly unlike things
haiku
17 total syllables,3 lines,firts line 5 syllables,second line 7 syllables,third line 5 syllables,about nature
assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry
refrain
recurring phrase or verse at intervals in a poem
onomatopoeia
uses of words/phrases that sound like the thing to which they refer. ex. buzz, click, pop
irony
the contrast between what is expected or what appears to be, and what actually is or happens.
Blank verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
Enjambment
When a logical phrase is interrupted by the end of a line
(I went
to sleep)
simile
compares two unlike things using the word like or as
narrative poetry
a poem that tell a story
pyrrhic
a foot with two unstressed syllables, as in the last foot of the word unspeak (break) ably
exposition
speech that explains a process or presents information
carpe diem
literally translated from Latin as "seize the day." The idea behind it is to enjoy the present moment and take advantage of opportunities that come your way.
Heroic Couplet
2 successive rhyming verses that contain a complete thought w/in the 2 lines- usually iambic pentameter
modernism
a movement in early 20th century against romantic literary representation
consonance
the repetition of consonants of a consonant pattern, especially at the end of words
diction
the manner in which something is expressed in words
Symbol
a thing that represents or suggest something besides or beyond itself
foot
combination of a stressed syllable and a unstressed syllable to make up a rythm of line of poetry
allegory
a symbolic story in which people, settings, or actions represent ideas or moral qualities
Lyric:
a highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker
free verse
verse without a fixed metrical pattern, usually having unrhymed lines of varying length (a.k.a., vers libre)
synaesthesia
a sensation produced in one modality when a stimulus is applied to another modality, as when the hearing of a certain sound induces the visualization of a certain color.
end rhyme
repetition of similar sounds at the end of lines of poetry
Dramatic Monologue
When a single speaker in literature says something to a silent audience.
mood
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
sonnet
a fixed form of fourteen lines, iambic pentameter
Dirge
A mournful or elegiac poem or other literary work
speaker
the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet
epic
long, narrative poem that tells of the deeds of a legendary hero of history or tradition
Byronic Hero
a self tormented outcast who is cynical and contemptuous of societal norms and is suffering from some unnamed or mysterious sin or dark past. Yet still handsome and attractive. The "bad boy."
theme
a general statement about life that is illustrated by a poem or story
xanadu
a place of great beauty, luxury, and contentment.
poetic foot
a group of syllables in verse usually consisting of one accented syllable and one or two unaccented syllables associated with it.
synechdoche
a form of metaphor where a part of something is used to represent the whole
quatrain
The moon was but a chin of gold
A night or two ago,
And now she turns her perfect face
Upon the world below
Inverted Sentence
take a sentence and write it straigh then inver the words for emphasis
literal language
a form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.
A line in iambic hexameter, often with a caesura falling after the third foot
Alexandrine Line
conceit
"there is no frigate like a book" - strange figure of speech
Dramatic Poetry
A type of poem that utilizes the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly someone other than the poet.
Sound Devices
Elements of poetry that use one type of sound related characteristic.
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.
ballad
a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
Because his wife, Virginia, died
Why did Poe write "Annabel Lee"?
Rhymed verse
Consists of a verse with end rhyme and regular meter
Spensarian stanza
a nine line stanza with eight lies of iambic pentameter followed by an alexandrine or iambic hexameter ABABBCBCC
slant, squint, or virtual rhyme
a partial or imperfect rhyme, often using assonance or consonance only, as in dry and died
author of Fire and Ice
robert frost - New England - JFK's inaugaration
John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 12
We may no longer stay. Go, waken Eve;
Her also I with gentle dreams have calmed,
desolate
deserted
hyperole
an exaggeration
Maya Angelou
"Chicken-Licken"
similie
stateed comparison
Beat!Beat! Drums!
Walt Whitman
epigram
short, humourous poem
Over valleys
O'er vales
Anapest
2 unstressed, stressed
dactyl
one stressed, two unstressed
verse
single line of poetry
quatrains
four lines of poetry
trimeter
three feet per line
Subject
what the poem is about
anapestic
XX/ - gallups and leaps
token
an outward sign or expression
Connotation
the emotional associations surrounding a word or phrase, as opposed to its literal meaning or denotation.
Moon dances around my fear.
personification
apostrophe
when someone addresses an abstract quality, or a nonexistent person. "Oh Love why are you so cruel?"
syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
imagry
the descriptive or figuritive language used in literature to create pictures for the reader
Scansion
a system for describing conventional rhythms by dividing lines into feet, indicating the locations of binomial accents, and counting syllables
Allusion
a brief, sometimes indirect, reference in a text to a person, place, or thing
Anthem
A song of devotion or loyalty
archetype
recurring symbol, character, or event across cultures (e.g. devil)
Torment
to throw into commotion; stir up; disturb
cacophony
style in which combinatoins of words to the are unpleasent to the ear
How Manny sonnets did Shakespare write?
154 sonnets
situational irony
an unexpected twist; the contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually occurs
what kind of tone does fog have?
mysterious
synecdoche
part representing whole (spare a few crumbs)
Motif
An element that repeats throughout a literary work
byron
suffered from depression, grew up in poverty even though from aristocratic families, born w/ clubfoot, ladies man in italy, he was fat, died at 36
form
The structure or organization of a work of writing. The form of a poem includes the arrangement of its words and lines on a page.
impudent
of, pertaining to, or characterized by impertinence or effrontery:
vehicle
image by which this idea is conveyed or the subject is communicated in a metaphor
narrative
A poem that tells a story. Narrative poems usually have all of the elements you would find in a short story: character, setting, conflict, and plot
Symbolic Act
an action with significance behind its literal meaning.
My mom quite smoking because of her love for me
lyric
of or relating to a category that expresses thoughts and feelings often in a song-like style or form
Mixed Metaphor
The inconsistent mixture of two or more metaphors; a common problem in bad writing, and they can often be unintentionally funny
atmosphere
aka mood; feeling created in a reader by a literary work
Iambic
Metrical foot used in poetry that has a short syllable followed by a long syllable.
Slant rhyme
two words that are spelled similarly but pronounced differently
voice
a means or agency by which something is expressed or communicated
Rhetorical Question
a question asked for an effect, not actually requiring an answer
Foreshadowing
Is the use of hints or clues to suggewt what will happen later in literatures
Dylan Thomas
"Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night"
Situation Irony
what actually happens is at odds with what the story leads readers to believe
feminine rhyme
A rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as "waken" and "forsaken" and "audition" and "rendition." (Double Rhyme)
types of feet
are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
ryhme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem; indicated by using different letters of the alphabet for each new rhyme
masculine rhyme
Rhyme that falls on the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhyme-words.
caesura
a pause or break in the middle of a line
end-stopped line
a line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
verbal irony
when we say the opposite of what we mean(sarcasm)
write about a pebble
dont write about a general idea or topic; write about a specific something.
Ode to a Nightingale, John Keats
Fade far away, dissolve, and quite forget
What thou among the leaves hast never known,
olfactory
smell
pentameter
five feet
dimmed
reducedthe light
fester
to rot
trochaic
DA da
chasm
gap in earth
tops of mnts
lightning
Harlem Night Song
Langston Hughes
antithesis
conjoined but contrasting ideas
CAPITALIZATION
FOR EMPHASIS AND POP
visual
relating to or using sight
exact rhyme
rhyme that is identical
lattice
framework of wood or metal
ADVANCE
UNSTRESSED SYLLABLES RUNNING TO STRESSED. MARKED WITH <--
Free-Verse
poetry without a regular rhyme scheme
consonace
The repetiton of final consonant sounds after different vowel sounds.
types of rhyme
end rhymes
internal rhymes
approximate rhymes
Author of The Names
Collins, poet laureate.
Dynamic
pertaining to or characterized by energy or effective action; vigorously active or forceful; energetic.
Iambus
unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one
Narrative Poem
Poem that tells a story
rising meter
moving from unstressed to stressed
galumph
to move along heavily and clumsily
english sonnet
three quatrains and a concluding couplet a-b-a-b-c-d-c-d-e-f-e-f-g-g
trochee
metrical unit (one foot) with the trochaic pattern
prosody
all the metrical elemenst in a poem
snowy woods
distractions/ peaceful escape from our responsibilities/ obligations
style
the mode of expression in language; the characteristic manner of expression of an author. Elements include, diction, syntax, figurative language, imagery, selection of detail, sound effects, and tone
pace
rate of movement - slow and thoughtful
catalexis
dropping an unstressed syllable at the end of a line
ablution
noun
a cleansing or washing of the body;
part of a religious rite
triplet
a group of three rhymind successive lines of poetry, working together
Imagists
opposites of Romantics. There was an emphasis on things instead of ideas.
ode
a lyric poem often addressed to a particular subject and elevated in style or manner and written in varied or irregular meter.
puns
jokes that play with words to convey multipic meanings
Parallelism
the repetition of the structure of 2 or more lines in a poem
poetic diction
refers to the way poets sometimes employ an elevated diction that deviates significantly from the common speech and writing of their time, choosing words for their supposedly inherent poetic qualities
aubade
a love lyric in which the speaker complains about the arrival of the dawn, when he must part from his lover
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
Metonomy
A type of metaphor in which something closely associated with a subject is subsitent for it.
sonnet*
A fixed form of lyric poetry that consists lines, usually written in iambic pentameter. there are two basic types of sonnets, the italian and the english. We have been examining form in the English sonnet: three quatrains and a couplet, which rhyme abab cdcd efef gg
prose meaning
the ingredient that can be separated out in the form of a prose paraphrase
eye rhyme
a rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is not from pronunciation
Sprung Rhyme
each foot begins with a stressed syllable
lune
a three line american poem similar to a japanese haiku. It can follow form 3/5/3 words or 5/3/5 syllables
Couplet:
a pair of rhyming lines, usually of the same length and meter, which generally expresses a
general idea
eye-rhyme
A rhyme consisting of words, such as lint and pint, with similar spellings but different sounds. Also called sight rhyme.
spenserian
of or characteristic of Spenser or his work.
single rhyme
Is a one syllable rhyme (night & sight, June & tune) most common rhyme
rhyme pattern
the assigning of letters to identify a rhyming pattern
Repetition for effect
Word or phrase is repeated for emphasis or rhythm
Rhyme Sceme
The pattern of rhyming sounds at the end of lines in a poem
Tercet
A triplet or stanza of 3 lines, in which each line ends with the same rhyme
Flashback
when part of a story, poem, or play when events are presented that happen prior to the present time of the narration
Villanelle
a 19 line fixed form consisting of 5 tercets rhymed aba and a concluding quatrain rhymed with abaa, with lines 1 and 3 of the first tercet serving as refrains in an alternating pattern through line 15 and the repeated as lines 18 and 19
symbolism
the use of one thing to stand for or represent another
Edna St. Vincent Millay
author of "The Courage that My Mother Had"
End Stopped Line
a line of poetry that ends with a pause, usually with punctuation
Imperfect Rhyme (approximate rhyme or half rhyme)
occurs when there are changes within the vowel sounds of words intended to rhyme and only the final consonant sounds of the words are identical
What does personification add to "Street Window"?
it makes you think about the meaning and it adds description
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