Poetry Terms- Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
hexameter
6ft
Prose
non-metrical language
dactylic foot
/uu
olfactory imagery
smell
la tentación
temptation
diction
word choice
Octet
8 lines
Feminine Rhyme
multisyllable rhyme
Dactyl
/uu falling rhythm
The sandpiper
celia thaxter
ars poetica
archibald macleish
rhythm
has a beat
depilate
(v) to remove hair
cliche
overused words or phrases
heptameter
7 feet per line
Alliteration Example
crazy crackling crops
kinesthetic imagery
relating to movement
lyric
imagination, melody, and emotion
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
hyperbole
obvious and intentional exaggeration.
rhyme
words with the same endings
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds.
symbol
object that represents something greater than itself
personification
giving human characteristics to inanimate objects, such as "the sky is crying"
Monologue
a speech by one character
Grandiose
(adj) pretentious, pompous, and imposing
simile
comparison using "like" or "as".
Oxymoron
An expression where contradictory terms/ideas are placed side by side.
"Chicago"
Chicago has slaughter houses, railroads, very industrial. Farm boyys are tempted by prostitutes. Chicago has crooks they let free. Brutal place, people are not looked after, hungry. The narrator then goes to praise Chicago. Chicago- strong and sly. Cursing-feels good to get out. No matter the task, Chicago is ready. Over time, they rebuild, they are tough. Chicago- under smoke, he is laughing. he deals with his problems, never lost, always on top. Life in the city. Life in the city...proud to live there.
Devices- Free verse (no rhyme) Personification-man, repitition of epithets-pride, parallel structure-come and show me. Methaphor. Apostrophe.
Theme: Pride, working hard, brutal, but full of life.
quatrain
a stanza of four lines
conceit
a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
haiku
a three line Japanese verse form
scansion
identification of metrical patterns in poetry
stanzas
groups of lines in a poem
onomatopoeia
a word that imitates a sound
imagery
descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the five senses
Consonance
The repetition of similar consonant sounds, especially at the ends of words, as in lost and past or confess and dismiss.
dimeter
a metric line with 2 feet
Tone
The author's attitude towards his subject in the poem.
Meter
A regular pattern of stressed syllables that gives poetry a predictable meter
artless
adj. lacking knowledge or skill; crude
cacophony
discordant sounds in the jarring juxtaposition of harsh letters or syllables which are grating to the ear
metaphor
an implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity.
connotation
feelings or implications associated w. a word
stanza
the grouping of lines in poetry
sonnet
fourteen line lyric poem usually written in rhyme iambic pentameter
Allusion
referring to another work of literature or familiar character. Most common are the Bible and Greek myths
allegory
a sustained and circumscribed analogy between a subject and an image to which it is compared
Epic Simile
An extended comparison used in epics
Image
A concrete representation of a sense impression, a feeling, or an idea.
inversion
the reversal of the expected word order
couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
Ballad
a storytelling poem that uses regular rythmic patterns, usually sung
Dramatic Monologue
like a soliloquy, one speaker addressing a silent audience, traditionally a longer poem
Ode
a relatively lengthy lyric poem that often expresses lofty emotions in a dignified style
mood
the feeling a piece of literature arouses in the reader e.g. happiness, fear.
bugle song
alternative name for The Splendor Falls
Apostrophe
a direct address of an inanimate object, abstract qualities, or a person not living or present.-The Sun Rising by John Donne Busy old fool, unruly sun, Why dost thou thus, Through windows, and through curtains call on us?
Hawkshead Grammar school
What school did Wordsworth attend?
lyric poetry
poetry whose purpose is to express feelings
Speaker
The imaginary voice that a poet uses when writing a poem. The speaker is the "narrator" of the poem.
repetition
repeating a word, phrase, or idea for emphasis or rhythmic effect
auditory imagery
uses descriptive words to make the reader hear it
English Sonnet
a sonnet probably made popular by Shakespeare with the following rhyme scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
figure of speech
deviates from standard meaning of words to achieve a special effect --- metaphor, simile, irony
Sestet
a rhythmic group of six lines of verse
Italian Sonnet
also known as the Petrarchan sonnet, is divided into an octave, which typically rhymes abbaabba, and a sestet (14 lines), which may have varying rhyme schemes. Common rhyme patterns in the sestet are cdecde, cdcdcd, and cdccdc.
limerick
consists of 5 lines with a rhyming pattern of aa bb a usally funny
Enjambment
The running over of a sentence or thought from one line to another
Denotation
The dictionary meaning of a word (home = where you live).
euphony
A style in which combinations of words pleasant to the ear predominate.
an elementary school classroom in a slum
stephen spender
Metonymy
running over a sentence for one verse or couplet meter another so that closely related words fall in different lines
Facing It- Komunyakaa
Vietnam vet looking at the wall
pentameter
line of poetry that has 10 syllablles in it. 5 feet. each foot has 2 syllableels. unstresssed by syllabel follwed by stressed syllabol
supplant
v to set aside, to take the place of
Free verse
is poetry which does not require meter or rhyme scheme
sensor (n.)
a device that responds to a physical stimulus (as heat or light) and transmits a resulting impulse
alfred noyes
which author was most famous for their ballads?
tercet
a stanza of three lines in which each line ends with the same rhyme.
refrain
the repetition of a word or phrase or line(s) at definite intervals in a poem
3 stanzas going from 5 lines then 4 lines then 6 lines. aabba aabr aabbar R stands for a repeatt of the first word or senttance at the begininng of the ppoem
rondeau
Fire and Ice
-hate = ice
- desire= fire
- both destroy the world emotionally due to ability to dimish human capacity to love
Iambic pentameter
It is a basic measure of English poetry, five iambic feet in each line.
" My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun"
By: Shakespeare
end-stopped line
line that ends with a pause, either natural or enforced
Shakespearian Sonnet
14 line closed form poem written in iambic pentameter
3 quatrains
abab cdcd efef
1 couplet: gg
Shakespearean sonnet
54 poems in sonnet form written by William Shakespeare, dealing with themes such as the passage of time, love, beauty and mortality. The sonnets are almost all constructed from three four-line stanzas (called quatrains) and a final couplet composed in iambic pentameter
Epanalepsis
Repeating a word @ beg @ the end of phrase (word or phrase); Words start and end a sentence. Ex. Blood will have blood.
figurative language (figure of speech)
poetic expression, an imaginitive way of creating vivd description of impressions. word or phrase that describes one thing in terms of another and is not meant to be understood on a literal level.
form of a poem
overall structure or shape of a work
example of personification
the tree stretched its arms toward the sky
internal rhyme
a rhyme where one or both of the rhyme words occur within the line
Internal vs. End Rhyme
Refers to where, in the line the rhyming pair exists
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 104
For as you were when first your eye I eyed,
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