Poetry Terms: Final Exam Flashcards

Terms Definitions
loathed
Hated.
hyperbole
exaggeration
iamb
Unstressed, stressed
Denotation
dictionary definition
Memory
Margaret Walker
diction
word choice
Dactyllic
stressed, unstressed, unstressed
MA/ni/ac
lyrical
musical, in verses
Couplet
2 line stanza
assonance
same vowel sound
penury
extreme poverty; destitution.
rhythm
wave-like recurrence of sound
Trimeter
three feet per line
onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
trochee/ trochaic foot
dash, curve
metaphor
comparison of two things
Lennon and McCarney
"Eleanor Rigby"
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds
Oracion por Marylin Monroe
Ernesto Cardenal/Nicaragua
Iambic
unstressed, stressed
type of metric foot
paradox
a seemingly self contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true
blow blow thou winter wind
?
connotation
feeling associated with a word
simile
metaphor using like or as
Speaker
Who is telling the story
form
a theme, phrase, or figure.
Stanza
Group of lines in a poem.
Tone
author's attitude toward content of poem
end rhyme
rhyme at end of sentence
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds within words
rythym
a musical quality produced by repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetiton of other sounds.
Meter
arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables
Repetition
A repeating; doing or saying again
personification
human characteristics to something non human
Rhyme
repetition of accented vowel sounds fallowing them, in words that are close together in a poem
A Library of Poetry and Song
Bryant
onomatopeia
word that sounds like it's meaning
voice
the sound of the author's writing
structure
the poet's arrangement or overall design of the work
Dactyl
Stressed followed by two unstressed ex. Washington
Delia, Sonnet 46
by Samuel Daniel1592Recusatio\"Let others sing of knights and paladins\"\"But I must sing of thee, and those fair eyes\"
ode
long lyric poem usually praising some subject
Stanzas
lines are grouped into stanzas (lust like in an essay, sentences are grouped into paragraphs); each stanza may or may not have a uniform number of lines
Approximate Rhyme
Same end sound, vowls are different
theme
messanger or insight about life or human nature that writer presents to the reader
stress
the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
understatement
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
quatrain
4 consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme and have the same meter
syllable
a unit of sound in a word
Ex:Cat,hat,danny
slant rhyme
rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or eye rhyme from the pronunciation.
Refrain
one or more words repeated at intervals in a poem, usually at the end of a stanza
Epithet
A characterizing word or phrase firmly associated with a person or thing often in place of their actual name or title.
Italian Sonnet
Has an octave and a sestet.
parody
a humorous imitation of a serious work
Haiku
Japanese poem about nature with 17 syllables
Juxtaposition
two opposites placed close together to emphasize contrast
symbol
anything that stands for or represents something else to concrete objects or images that represent abstract ideas
epic
Long narrative poem on a serious subject written in a formal style
villanelle
a pastoral poem in the following pattern: five tercets and couplet in which the first and third lines of the first tercet recur alternately as a refrain and form a final couplet
couplets
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
literal meaning
limited to the simplest, ordinary, most obvious meaning
MOOD
The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for a reader
Genre
A division or type of literature. Literature is commonly divided into three major genres drama, poetry, and prose. Each major genre is in turn divided into smaller genres. For example, poetry is divided into narrative poetry, dramatic poetry, and lyric poetry.
Imagery
Mental pictures that are created with words
symbolism
the practice of representing things by symbols, or of investing things with a symbolic meaning or character.
oxymoron
a figure of speech that is a combination of two opposites
Conductor
Guide who led the slaves to the "Underground" stations
Ballad
a song-like poem that tells a story often dealing with adventure or romance
hysteron proteron
something that is in reverse order than usual.
anachronism
a person, place, or thing placed out of its historical setting and into one which it is not normally associated
what ditinguishes poetry
richness of suggestions, sounds of words, and strong feelings evoked by its lines
concrete poetry
poetry that uses the arrangement of letters to suggest a shape or subject
lyric poem
a highly musical verse that express the feelings of a single speaker, does not tell a story
Spondaic foot
( / / ): Two stressed syllables
tanka
a Japanese poetic form that has five unrhymed lines and a total of thirty-one syllables
vivid verbs
strong words used to make writing lively and interesting
sensory language
language that appeals to the senses- used tocreate pictures in your imagination and help you experience what the poet describes.
situational irony
contrast between what we expect to happen and what really happens
limerick
5 line poem with an aabba rhyming pattern
gregarious
(of a person) fond of a company, sociable
feminine/double rhyme
Lines rhymed by their final two syllables
Lines
the form in which poems are written; may not be complete sentences
acrostic
has a focus word; other words or phrases tell about the focus word. Can be at the beginning, middle, or end and is written vertically or horizontally
pure rhyme
when the initial sounds of the words are different but final sounds are the same
shakepearean sonnet
consists of 3 quatrains and a couplet a 14 lined peom usually written in rhymed pentmeter aba cdcd efef gg
free verse
consists of lines of poetry that do not have a regular rhythm and do not rhyme
Caesura
A pause in a line of poetry dictated by the sense or natural speech rhythm (rather than meter.)
tactile image
something that is or can be described in terms of how it physically feels
Spring and Fall: To a Young Child
Gerard Manley Hopkins
fixed form
a kind of template or formula that poetry can be composed in
Antistrophe/Epistrophe
A repetition of a word or phrases at the end of a line
form/structure
the way a work of art is built; in poetry it is the physical arrangement of words on the page, that is, the length and placement of lines and stanzas
metaphors
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them
Didactic
A poem with a theme that is meant to morally instruct the reader
rhymed verse
consists of a verse with end rhyme and regular meter
line
a group of words on one line of a poem
iambic pentameter
10 syllables per line, in every set of 2 - 1st syllable - unstressed, 2nd syllable - stressed
George Herbert, The Collar
I struck the board and cried, "No more!
I will aboard!
What, shall I ever sigh and pine?
Text vs. White Space
Words of a poem versus the blank space of the page
Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
Dylan Thomas; written to inspire his father not to die; shows how different men die and how they all try to not succumb to death
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