Poetry Test 5 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Monometer
one
lobo
wolf
Iamb (iambic)
U-
heptameter
Seven feet.
BLANK VERSE
MACBETH
Hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration
imagery
figurative language
stentorian
very loud
b) Quatrain
Four-line stanza
romance
a medieval narrative
anapest
unstressed, unstressed, stressed
Langston Hughes
Dream Deferred
cinquain
5 line stanza.
stanzas
a group of lines
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
tetrameter
line with four feet
SPEAKER
voice of the poem
cacaphony
harsh discordance of sound
oxymoron
collection of contradictory words
 Spondaic foot
Two stressed syllables
slant rhyme
similar, but not identical
Spondaic
two successive syllables with approximately equal strong stresses
"draw back"
rhythm
pattern of beats and stresses
stanza
poetic unit (lines grouped together)
Alliteration
The repitition of consonant sounds.
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds
Purge
Kill; Eliminate; Get rid of
Line break
the space between stanzas
Onomatopoeia
Example: buzz, sizzle, hiss, gurgle
Strophe
Stanzas made up of unequal lines
spondaic (spondee)
two successive syllables with approximately equally long stresses "draw back"
simile
a comparison between two completely different objects using like or as
epic
long narrative, language is grand, hero who faces a journey or obstacle
elegy
a poem that laments someones death
Grounds
the aspects, properties, or common associations of a vehicle which, in a given context, apply to a tenor.
syntax
system of words in a sentence
sensory detail
details that stimulate the senses
Eipgram
A brief witty poem, often satirical.
Lyric poetry
expresses a speaker's personal thoughts and feelings (song)
lambic
every other syllable has a beat
Couplet
two rhyming consecutive lines of verse
Meter
recognizable through a varying pattern of stressed and unstressed sylabbles.
quatrain
four-line stanza with any combination of rhymes
metaphor
comparison of two dissimilar things without the use of a connector word
haiku
17 syllable Japanese poem, 5-7-5 syllables, captures the intensity of a single moment, usually linking two concrete images. it tends to be seasonal/nature oriented, and maintains a view of nature in which nature and observer are not separate.
anthropomorphism
presentation of animals with human characteristics
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
Sonnet
a poem which usually consists of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter. two forms of Sonnet, Italian and Shakespearean
Enjambment
When one line goes into the next
allusion
reference to a well known person, event, place, literary work, or work of art.
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within the line
parody
humorous imitation of a work of literature
Accent
a diacritical mark used to indicate stress or placed above a vowel to indicate a special pronunciation
pyrrhic
metrical foot of two syllables, both unstressed
dimeter
a verse line having two metrical feet
symbol
a person, place, thing, event, or pattern in a literary work that designates itself and at the same time figuratively represents something else; often the thing or idea represented is more abstract, general, superrational while the symbol is more concrete and particular
Apostrophe
Addressing something nonhuman as if it were human
Example: Death, be not proud . . .
royal rime
seven lines in iambic pentameter ABABBCC
Euphony
Pleasing sound; usually of words or phrases
Personification
describing an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person; giving human qualties to something non-human
Rhyme
The repetion of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them
Poetry
a type of literature in which language, images, sound, and rhythm are combined to creat an emotional effect.
Figurative Language
specific device for imagery; metaphor, simile
Rhyme scheme
The pattern formed by assigning letters (a, b, c, d for example) to each new end rhyme in a poem
irony
an implied discrepancy between what is said and what is meant
mood
the feelings of the reader of a poem
connotation
what a word suggest beyond its literal meaning
Metonymy
name of a thing is substituted for that of another closely associated with it.
petulant
adj. insolent or rude in speech or behavior; peevish
pun
a play on words that are either identical in sound or similar in sound, but are sharply diverse in meaning
dramatic poetry
speakers dialogue in rhyme, rhythm, or metre
figure of speech
expresses one thing and means another
Trochaic
a foot of two syllables, a long followed by a short in quantitative meter, or a stressed followed by and unstressed in accentual meter
refrain
a regulary repeated phrase or verse of a poem or a song
spenserian
of or characteristic of Spenser or his work.
masculine ending
line of poetry that ends with a stressed syllable
end rhyme
most common form of rhyme in poetry; the rhyme that comes at the end of the lines
End-stopped lines
A whole idea in one line, with punctuation at the end.
Narrative
A poem that tells a story and usually has all the elements of a short story- character, setting, conflict, and plot.
Blake
"To see a world in a grain of Sand"
Line
A group of words together on one line of a poe,
trochaic foot
consists of 2 syllables, the first of which is spoken louder than the second
Ballad
a song or songlike poem that tells a story often dealing with adventure and romance
POETRY THAT DOES NOT RHYME EXACTLY BUT REPEATS ONLY SOME SOUNDS USES
SLANT RHYMES
onomatopeia
the use of a word whose sound suggests its menaing
Lucille Clifton
Wishes for sons, poems to my uterus, to my last period, Jasper TX 1998
foreshadowing
the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur. This technique helps to create suspense, keeping readers wondering what will happen next.
devices of sound
the techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry. Among devices of sound are rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia. The devices are used for many reasons, including to create a general effect of pleasant or of discordant sound, to imitate another sound, or to reflect a meaning.
Choral Reading
a performance by a group or chorus of readers
caesura
is a pause or sudden break in a line of poetry
Lyric poem
a short poem in which a single speaker expresses pesonal thoughts and feelings on a subject
Visual/Concrete poem
lines of the poem are arranged to show a distributive visual shape that fits with the words or message of the poem;concrete poems often only use letters and words in the shape of what they are describing rather than full lines in poetry
free verse
poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular beat
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
Main point of Dreamsong 4/14/29
(girl in the diner is #4); authenticity vs. sincerity; if self is important; (Life is boring/resources is #14); scattering of self
WHAT IS A FLASHBACK?
IS AN INTERRUPTION OF A WORK TO DESCRIBE OR PRESENT A SITUATION THAT OCCURED PRIOR TO THE PRESENT.
"Some keep the Sabbath going to Church-/ I keep it, staying at Home-/ With a Bobolink for a Chorister-And an Orchard, for a Dome-"
"Some keep the Sabbath" - Emily Dickinson
bailando
dancing
Surprise
Kenyon
trimeter
three feet
Goodman
"Birthday Cake"
litotes
an understatement
ballad meter
...
Tercet
3 line stanza
Auguries of Innocence
Blake
Persephone Falling
Rita Dove
Histrionics
theatrical performances, deliberate display of emotion for effect
Cacophony
loud confusing disagreeable sounds
My Papa's Waltz
Theodore Roethke
Paragraph in a poem
Stanza
reflective
thoughtful; showing serious and careful thinking (tone)
Quatrains
Four rhyming lines of poetry.
denotation
literal meaning of a word
Richard Cory
Edwin Robinson
perfect guy suicides
1987
Rita Dove won Pulitzer Peace Prize
understatement
saying less than what one means
Repetition
a repeating sound, line, syllable, etc. bring reinforcement to the meaning of a poem, fulfillment.
sestet
a six-line stanza. Most commonly, sestet refers to the second division of an Italian sonnet.
foot
unit of accented and unaccented syllables
rhythmic
organized by rhyme (abba abab aabb)
Inversion
reversal of the expected order
sweetly blew the breeze
DRAMATIC IRONY
When words/actions posses significance that audience understands but speaker does not.
style
the mode of expression in langugage....discuss syntax, fig langueage , imagery, deail, sound effects, and tone
situational irony
what happens is entirely different from what is expected
Tone
attitude the writer takes toward the audience, subject, or character
paraphrase
express the mean of something though using different words
Litote
a kind of understatement where the speaker or writer uses a negative of a word ironically to eman the opposite
Spondee
two syllable foot in which both syllables are stressed
limerick
humurous five line poems with a specific rhyme pattern and scheme
ballad stanza
a quatrain consisting of alternating eight- and six-syllable lines. (Usually an abcb pattern).
Byronic Hero
an idealized but flawed character exemplified in the life and writings of Lord Byron; "mad, bad, and dangerous to know" according to Lady Caroline Lamb, his ex-lover
a line of poetry with four feet
tetrameter
villanelle
A nineteen-line poem divided into five tercets and a final quatrain.
stress
the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch)
conceit
an ingenious and fanciful notion or conception, usually expressed through an elaborate analogy, and pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things. A conceit may be a brief metaphor, but it also may form the framework of an entire poem
A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables. Often reflect on some aspect of nature.
Haiku
Ode
A lyric poem typically of elaborate or irregular metrical form and expressive of exalted or enthusiastic emotion.
Rhyme Royal
a seven line stanza of iambic pentameter rhymed ababbcc; used by Chaucer and other medieval poets
diamante
a seven-lined contrast poem set up in a diamond shape
dactyl
a metric foot with 1 accented syllable followed by 2 unaccented ones.
symbolism
the use of symbols to give abstract ideas a certain meaning
end-stopped
a line with a pause at the end
metric foot
syllables arranged by a pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
concete
when an entire poem is a big metaphor
Sight Rhyme
Two words that are spelled similarly but are pronounced differently
visage
the face or facial expression of a person; countenance, appearance, aspect
FREE VERSE:
Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme
Sensory Language
writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the senses
Canto
One of the main divisions of a long poem.
idiom
a group of words that has a meaning different that what the actual meaning EX. raining cats and dogs
lyric
is a poem that does not tell a story but expresses the personal feelings of a speaket
Edna St. Vincent Millay
I being born woman and distressed, what lips my lips have kissed, I shall forget you presently
The courage my mother had
Edna St. Vincent Millay idolizes his mother saying she had great courage and is in need of that now
slant rhyme (of rhyme)
two or more words thats don't exactly rhyme but resonate with one another. Assonance is an example of slant rhyme
"Purple the sails, and so perfumed that
The winds were love-sick with them; the oars were silver,
Which to the tune of flutes kept stroke, and made
The water which they beat to follow faster"
From "Antony and Cleopatra" by William Shakespeare
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