Poetry Test 8 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Colloquialisms
Idioms
Patrarch
Laura
pentameter
5 feet
connotation
implied meaning
tactile
touch imagery
hexameter
6 feet
quatrain
a four-line stanza
Langish
to become weak
Narrative
tells a story
personification
giving human characteristics
onomatopoeia
a sound word
Pathos
evoking emotions through stories
Monometer
one foot per line
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
inscrutable
mysterious, difficult to understand
Octameter
Eight feet per line
paradox
a seemingly self-contradictory statement that it true
rhyme
the repetition of sounds
blank verse-
unrhymed iambic pentameter-
haiku
traditional Japanese poetry 5-7-5 syllable pattern
Emulate
v.: to imitate something admired
Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
Consonance
repetition of final consonant sounds
mood
the feeling the poem creates
iambic pentameter
meter of 10 syllables
cataloging
a poem that lists things
Heptameter
7 metrical feet per line
meter
regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
euphony
words pleasant to the ear predominate
allusion
indirect reference to person, thing, event, or situation, real or fake
allegory
a visible symbol representing an abstract idea
dialect
a type of informational diction; spoken by definable groups of people from a particular geographic region, economic group, or social class; used to contrast and express differences in educational, class, social, and regional backgrounds of ther characters
hepta
line of verse of seven measures
foil
a character that contrasts second character that highlights certain qualities of that first character
Apostrophe
(figure of speech) invocation to absent person or to an inanimate
Who wrote The Stone?
Wilfrid Wilson Gibson
poetry
imaginative writing in which language, images, and sound combine to create a special emotional effect
simile
explicit comparison between two things using words such as: like, as, than, appears, seems
Idea of Order at Key West
Stevens
hyperbole
an over-exaggerated expression - I read a ton!
Suspense
feeling of exception, anxiousness, or curiosity created by questions raised of the mind of the reader/ viewer
prose
ordinary writing as distinguished from verse
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in poetry. EX. on a proud round cloud in a white high night
Trochee
A metrical foot consisting of one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
sonnet
fourteen line poem, usually in iambic pentameter
married couple getting less close over time
Larkin
rhyme scheme
pattern of rhyming lines Example: ABAB
cinquain
a five line poem containing 22 syllables: 2, 4, 6, 8, 2
structure
described in terms of stanza, form, and meter
Symbol
A word or image that signifies something other than what is literally represented
epic
long narrative poem about many deeds of a hero.
tone
the attitudes poets take toward their subject matter or auidence
chiasmus
a type of inverted or mirroring parallelism where the syntax is reversed
Stanza
arrangement of a certain number of lines, formed sections of a poem
lyric poetry
thoughts feeling of a singal person
Iamb
The most common rhythm in English Poetry
metonymy
the repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry. The meter of a poem emphasizes the musical quality of the language and often relates directly to the subject matter of the poem. Each unit of meter is known as a foot.
Rhythm
The melody of language. The flowing of words together, as distinguished from their meaning. Includes meter, alliteration, onomatopoeia , ect. Can be gentle or abrupt
metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
villanelle
19 line poem w two repeating rhymes and two refrains
free verse
poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set meter
Tawdry
(adj) Morally low or bad; cheap in appearance or quality
The Preface
Edward Taylor - creation myth where God "bowls the sun" - God's predetermination
Literal
limited to the explicit meaning of a word or text
Line Breaks
The end of a line of poetry.
Character
the actual person or traits of that person
Limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
melic poetry
poetry written to be accompanied by the lyre or flute
Refrain
A regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song.
dramatic monologue
1st person speaker different from the poet telling about a specific event
(Irony) Dramatic
in this there is a contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader/audience know to be true
Flashback
Tells of a conversation or event that happened before the story began
juxtaposition
an act or instance of placing close together or side by side, esp. for comparison or contrast.
Onomatopeia
A word that makes the sound that it describes.
End rhyme
rhymes that occur at the ends of lines.
this is what the authors use to pay attention to connotations and tone
diction
John Donne, Song
If in thine my life thou waste:
Dramatic Poetry
A type of poetry that utilizes the techniques of drama; the speaker is clearly someone other then the poet
trimeter
a meter in which a majority of the feet contain three syllables; anapestic and dactylic meter
devices of sound
the techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry. Among devices of sound are rhyme, alliteration, assonance, consonance, and onomatopoeia. The devices are used for many reasons, including to create a general effect of pleasant or of discordant sound, to imitate another sound, or to reflect a meaning.
ballad
a type of poem that is actually meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
Similie
I am a figure of speech where two unlike things are compared using likes or as
slant rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
Driving to Town Late to mail a letter
R Bly
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
What are the two types of sonnet?
Eglish/shakesperean sonnet and Italian/petrarchan sonnet
stanzaic form
the form of a poem written in a series of units having the same number of lines and usually other characteristics in common, such a metrical pattern or rhyme scheme
Jonathan Swift, A Description of the Morning
The slipshod 'prentice from his master's door,
Had pared the dirt, and sprinkled round the floor.
La Belle Dame Sans Merci, John Keats
She looked at me as she did love,
And made sweet moan.
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