poetry vocab. words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Iambic
U/
stanza
verse
Trochee
stressed, unstressed
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Caesura
a pause
diction
word choice
abate
to diminish
accipiter, accipitris m.
hawk
chicanery
(n): trickery, deception
Ithaca
Constantine P. Cavafy
Couplet
2 line stanza
rock
human instict; nature
Delight in Disorder
iambic tetrameter
insiduous
harmful, but hardly noticeable
masculine rhymes
single syllable rhymes
PETRARCHAN SONNET
ON HIS BLINDNESS
Rhyme
a piece of poetry
Verbatim
adj. word for word
liquids
fluid, the poem flows
bombast
inappropriately inflated or grandiose language
haiku
a 17-syllable, delicate, unrhymed Japanese verse, usually about nature
quatrain
four line stanza that rhyme
personifcation
Giving an object human qualities.
connotation
emotional suggestions surrounding a word (ex: stench and aroma are both associated with smell but the first word has a negative connotation while the second has a positive one.)
narrative
long and tell a story
anapest
two unstressed followed by stressed
imagery
sensory details denoting specific physical experiences -- words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the reader's physical senses
Rhythm
the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements
Subject
The main topic of the work
ottava rima
eight iambic pentameter lines ababbcc
Line
words on the same horizontal level
malapropisms
words are mispronounced or used incorrectly
Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds that are NOT at the beginning of words in a line of verse
euphony
agreeableness of sound; pleasing to the ear
limerick
numorous/five line poem with a definite rhyme and rhyme scheme
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds
denotation
the dictionary meaning of the word
ode
elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a dignified theme
scansion
the reader's analysis of the arrangement of accents or stressed syllables in a line of poetry in a an attempt to understand it pattern
verse forms
3 types: rhymes, blank, free
metaphor
implied comparison between two unlike things
Descriptive language used to create word pictures
Imagery
Tone
The writers attitude toward his/her audience or subject.
sarcasm
saying something and meaning the opposite
Trochaic
a metrical measurement of one stressed syllable and one unstressed
anaphora
A rhetorical device in which several successive lines, phrases, clauses or sentences being with the same word or phrase
pentameter
a verse line having five metrical feet
irony
a manner of speaking that implies discrepancy
vehicle
the concrete part of the metaphor (drives the metaphor)
Personification
When non-living things are given life life qualities.
Three
the amount of quatrains in a sonnet
feminine
rime sound involves 2 or more syllables
Simile-
figure of speech that makes a comparison between two seemingly unlike things by using a connective word such as: like, as, than or resembles
extended metaphor
metaphor developed or extended through several lines of writing or even through out an entire poem
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that imitate sounds.
simile
comparing two things that are not usually compared using "like" or "as" such as the boy was as tall and skinny as a ship mast
epigram
brief, pointed and witty poem that usually makes a satiric or humorous point
euphemism
a device in which indirect replaces direct in order to avoid unpleasantness
three line stanza with interwoven rhyme scheme
terza rhyme
Metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
Synesthesia
describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound")
Lyric
a brief, personal poem that is especially musical and filled with emotion; sonnets, odes, and elegies are types of lyrics
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds in a line
parody
a literary or artistic work that imitates the characteristic style of an author or a work for comic effect or ridicule
pathetic fallacy
the endowment of nature, inanimate objects, etc., with human traits and feelings, as in the smiling skies; the angry sea.
rising meter
meter that refers to metrical feet moving from unstressed to stressed sounds
figurative language
used to create pictures in the reader's mind
Implied Metaphor
a more subtle comparison; the terms being compared are not so specifically explained.
Lyric Poem
A short poem wherein the poet expresses an emotion or illuminates some life principle
John Donne, A Valediction: Of Weeping
Pregnant of thee;
poetry that involves the techniques of drama; one or more characters speak to other characters who may or may not be present in the poem
Dramatic poetry
iambic pentameter
A meter in which each unstressed syllable is followed by a stressed syllable. Each line consists of five unstressed/ stressed syllable pairs for a total of ten syllables.
repetition
repeating the same word or phrase for emphasis
end-stopped line
poetic line where end of line coincides with end of a grammatical unit
hexameter
The meter that has 6 feet per line.
What are two examples of onomatopoeia?
crack and Buzz
end rhyme
occur at the end of a line
tanka
an oriental verse form much like a haiku except that two more lines of seven syllables each are added
slant rhyme
words that almost rhyme ie: reach/ touch
Narrative Poetry
is poetry that tells a story. Narrative poems present dramatic events in a vivid way, using some of the same elements as short stories-- for example, plot, characters, and dialogue. narrative poems have a narrator
synecdoche
a form of metaphor which in mentioning a part signifies the whole.
narrative verse
a story told in form of a poem
internal rhyme
rhyming words appear in the same line in a poem
Refrain
Part of the song or poem that is repeated
enjambed
the running on of the thought from one line, couplet, or stanza to the next without a syntactical break.
Derek Walcott
Born in West Indies moved to Trinidad - Loving yourself
parallelism
the use of of a series of words, phrase, or sentences that have similar grammatical form.
pun
the usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound; a play on words
free verse
poetry that is not written in any special form and does not require rhyme
Sound Devices
figures of speech that pertain to the way words sound in a line of poetry
heroic couplet
A stanza composed of two rhymed lines in an iambic pentamter.
villanelle
a short poem of fixed form, written in tercets, usually five in number, followed by a final quatrain, all being based on two rhymes.
Mixed Metaphor
Examples: Put it on the back burner and let it germinate; that's a very hard blow to swallow; let's set sail and get this show on the road
London, 1802, William Wordsworth
Pure as the naked heavens, majestic, free,
So didst thou travel on life's common way,
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 144
I guess one angel in another's hell.
Ironic Point of View
the difference between the poet and the subject
Idiom
an idiom s a common phrase made up of words that can't be understood by their literacy or ordinary, meaning.
perspective
the point of view that a poem is told from
end stopped lines
Denoting a line of verse in which a logical or rhetorical pause occurs at the end of the line, usually marked with a period, comma, or semicolon.
Inverted Word Order
when the order of words in a line do not occur in the usual Pattern of Subject, verb, object
William Blake, Chimney Sweeper: Innocence
And the Angel told Tom, if he'd be a good boy,
He'd have God for his father, and never want joy.
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