Poetry Vocabulary Words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
hyperbole
exaggeration
pentameter
five-foot line
(zoion)
living being
LIGHT VERSE
JABBERWOCKY
denotation
dictionary definition
octameter
8 feet
antithesis
opposition; contrast:
spondee/spondaic foot
/ /
abbaabba cdcdcd
petrarchan sonnet
Hardy
The Darkling Thrush
metaphor
a direct comparison
sarcasm
weak irony and tone
quatrain
a 4 line unit
Anagnorisis
"discovery"; the protagonist's epiphany and realization about himself and the situation
cocksure
(adj) feeling perfect assurance sometimes on inadequate grounds
Simile
comparison using like or as
Syneedoche
a part signifies the whole
Connotation
The emotional associations suggested by a word beyond its literal meaning
colloquial
characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation
subject
whatever the poem is about
OXYMORON
Two seemingly contradictory elements ('bright night')
tercet
3 lines of rhyming verse
Tennyson
wrote a 6000 line poem
assonance
the repetition of similar VOWEL sounds, esp in poetry
anapestic
metrical pattern with two unstressed syllables followed by one stresses syllable
free verse
doesn't follow a rhyme scheme
meter
a recurrent, regular, rhythmic pattern in verse. organization of world poetry.
rhythm
pattern of stressed & unstressed syllables
synecdoche
referring to something associated with an idea instead of using the literal name
polysyndeton
repetition of conjunctions (i.e. my hat and my coat and my boots)
Imagery
The representation through language of sense experience.
Symbol
Something concrete used to represent something abstract
sonnet
a fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
dramatic poetry
strictly speaking, poetry employing dramatic form or technique, including dialogue, monologue, tense situations, and emotional conflict.
form
what distinguishes one genre from another
tone
in literary discussion is borrowed from the expression tone of voice; the manner in which a poet makes his statement; reflection of the poet's attitude toward his subject
lyric poetry
brief, melodic and imaginative poetry characterized by the fervent but structured expression of private thoughts and emotions by a single speaker who speaks in first person
dissonance
a harsh or disagreeable combination of sounds, discord
ballad
song that is transmitted orally from generation to generation that tells a story and that eventually is written down
speaker
the narrator, point of view, or persona through whom the poet is speaking
Enjambment
the continuation of a sentence or clause over a line break
style
the way the author writes that distinguishes him/her from others. includes figurative language, word choice, and line structure
diction
-when poets heighten their language by choosing unusual, powerful, or beautiful words
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
Refrain
a sound, word, phrase, or line repeated regularly in a poem.
rhyme
repitition of consonant sounds at the ends of words
Convention
a customary feature of literary work such as the use of rhyme in a sonnet
metonymy
a figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming an object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself. {king = the crown}
kireji
breaking word or symbol for emotional or significant pause
lyric
words that can be put to songs.
ballads
Songlike poems that tell a story, often dealing with adventure and romance.
Monolouge
an extended speech by one character, either when alone or to others.
anaphora
repetition of an opening phrase in successive lines
Euphony
a succession of harmonious sounds used in poetry or prose; the opposite of cacophony
pushkin
seen as a founder of russian culture
vowels
forms a perfect sound when uttered alone. examples = a,e,i,o,u & sometimes w & y
Colloquial/Colloquialism
Informal words and phrases used in everyady conversation.
Written tradition
Preservation of a people's cultural history and history, by written works
Alliteration
the repitition of the beginning sound or letter in two or more words in a line
Personification
Gives human actions or qualities to something not human.
Ex. The leaves danced on the wind.
Limerick
a humorous verse form of 5 anapestic lines with a rhyme scheme aabba
onomatopoeia
the use of words whose sounds imitate or suggest their meaning
Apostrophe
an address to a person or personified object not present
epitaph
an inscription written on a tomb or burial place
Heroic Couplet
Lines of iambic pentameter that rhyme in pairs.
Iambic Pentameter
An iambic foot is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. da DUM
rising meter
poetic meteres such as iambic and anapestic that move or ascend from an unstressed to a stressed syllable
When did Poe's parents die?
In his early childhood.
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
Spondaic
a metrical foot consisting of two long or stressed syllables
stanza
two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem. the stanzas of a poem are usually of the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme.
haiku
(noun) fixed form of poetry with 3 lines equally 17 syllables; 5, 7, 5
Dactylic
A triple rhyme (Two rhyming wors with three syllables each) - "Pattering Clattering"
ode
poem w/ formal language ; celebrates a single thing
end-stopped-
a line with a pause at the end
perfect rhyme
the repetition of accented vowel sound and all succeeding sounds in important words
figurative language
writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally
rhetorical shift (volta)
syntactical device; a change in tone, attitude, speaker, etc. in a poem
cinquain
poems with 5 lines; syllables 2, 4, 6, 8, 2
exact rhyme
occurs when the endings of words sound exactly the same
What name was Lewis Carrol born with?
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson
Theme
the main idea or message of a story, poem, novel, or play, often expressed as a general statement about life
Italian Sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octet with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd. Octet presents conflict, sestet resolves.
sentence structure
the way the words are arranged into sentences
slant rhyme
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
A figure of speech where like or as are used to make a comparison between two unlike ideas.
Simile
end rhyme
the use of rhyming words at the ends of lines
was a nurse in Civil War and would read the injured poems
Walt Whitman
Free - verse
Does not mean it doesn't have a rule
Rhymed verse
Poetry that must be in meter and have rhyme scheme
hymn
a song or ode in praise or honor of God, a deity, a nation, etc.
Poetic Structure
this is the way a poem is written, put together, and the techniques it uses
Slant (aka- approximate, near, half) rhyme
consonance on the final consonants of the words involved.
My little Daisy where is your daisy?
Moja milá Daisy ,kde je tvoja sedmikráska ?
wool
lana
Heaney
Digging
divine
holy, sacred
sestet
6 lines
soto
oranges author
sleek
smooth and graceful
narrative
tells a story
Cannotation
emotional association "mommy"
Gwendolyn Brooks
Kitchenette Building
Prose
ordinary speech in writing
pensive
persistently or morbidly thoughtful
Blank Verse
Unrhymed iambic pentameter.
couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines
sonnet 106, sonnet 55,
William Shakespeare
iambic
unaccented followed by accented (common) (u, /)
begin with the same sound
alliteration
Robert Frost
The Road Not Taken
mood
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
Paraphrase
Putting in one's own words
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds found at the ends of words
Terrence this is Stupid Stuff
AE Housman
concrete
a strong hard building material composed of sand and gravel and cement and water
Rhythm-
musical quality in language, produced by repetition
prosody
Overall metrical structure of a poem.
Explicit
precisely and clearly expressed or readily observable
Alleteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds neighboring words
Onomatapeia
The use of words that imitate sounds
alexandrine
a line of poetry containing 12 syllables, 6 iambic feet
structure
described in terms of stanza, form, and meter
beguiling
misleading by means of pleasant or alluring methods, highly attractive and able to arouse hope or desire
literal meaning
limited to the simplest, ordinary, most obvious meaning
scansion
the metrical analysis of verse. The usual marks for scansion are ˘ for a short or unaccented syllable, ¯ or ʹ for a long or accented syllable, ^ for a rest, | for a foot division, and ‖ for a caesura or pause.
satire
a kind of literature that ridicules human folly or vice with the purpose of bringing about reform
sound device
enhance a poem's mood or mening
elegy
a lyrical poem to commemorate someone who is dead
poetry
the best words in the best order
palindrome
a word, sentence, verse or number which reads alike backward or forward
Elizabethan sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
Dactyl
a stressed syllable followed by two unaccented syllables
End-stop
Line ends with some mark of punctuation; we pause at the end of the line.
verse
a succession of metrical feet written, printed, or orally composed as one line; one of the lines of a poem.
direct metephor
Directly compares two things with a verb such as "is"
Example: My love is a red, red rose
Verbal Irony
this occurs whenever words say one thing but mean something else, usually the opposite.
Apocopated Rhyme
Rhyme that occurs when the last syllable of one of the rhyming words is missing.
Ex. - Ease & Treason
ballad meter
a four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
O mother, mother make my bed.
O make it soft and narrow.
Since my love died for me today,
I'll die for him tomorrow.
Dickenson-Wild Nights
-wild nights, wild nights
-where i with thee
strong desires for intimates relationships
chaotic meter echos the desire to make love
abcb
rowing in eden
image
a mental picture of something that is not present
Controlling Metaphor
Runs through an entire work and determines the form or nature of that work.
cadence
rhythmic flow of a sequence of sounds or words:
open poetic form
poetic form free from regularity and consistency in elements such as rhyme, line length, and metrical form
repetition
use, more than once, of any element of language (sound, word, phrase, sentence, grammatical pattern, rhythmical pattern)
mixed metaphor
the inconsistent mixture of 2 or more metaphors; a common problem in bad writing, and they can be unintentionally funny EX: put it on the back burner, that's a hard blow, hard to swalow
foreshadowing
its the use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in literature.
Metaphore
compares 2 things as if they were the same without the words "like" or "as"
petrarchan sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
A rhyme that occurs in a final unstressed syllable: pleasure/leisure, longing/yearning.
Feminine Rhyme
Concrete Poem
a poem that forms a picture or shape of the topic
End-stopped line
a line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation.
exact end rhyme
rhyme sound ends in exact same sound (stout, out)
Marriage is no real excuse for loving someone, he who is not jealous cannot love, love is always increasing and decreasing, a man cannot love until they come to the age of maturity
4 Courtly Love
line
A single line of a poem which may or may not be a complete sentence.
William Shakespeare, Sonnet 129
All this the world well knows; yet none knows well
3rd person omniscient
the speaker is not a part of the story, but is able to know and feel what the other characters are thinking
female figures in Eliot
The Waste Land: there is a sense of overall decline that effects how women are treated; as society declines, so does the romantic way women are treated. Now they are violated and "raped" by society. So in every section, there is a women who is violated in one way or another. Some are violated through the indifference of her lover, like Burial Of Dead, and others through physical rape, like the reference to Philamel or the three women raped at the end of section 3
who first seduced them to that foul revolt & why? (P.L.)
Satan because he is full of envy, revenge, and pride. he is envious because adam and eve still have the love of god
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