poetry4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
loathed
hated
Tetrameter
4
spondee
/ /
Diction
word choice
Who's Who
Auden
three feet
trimeter
pentameter
five units
Quatrain
4 line stanza
Basketball Player
John Updike
admonish
to strongly caution
Rhyme Scheme Ex.
abababaabababa
Assonace
resemblance of sounds
Triplet
A three line stanza
Soneto a Cristo crucificado
anonimo/Espana
heptameter
7 feet per line
Onomatopoeia
words that imitate sounds
Couplet
Two lines of poetry
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds
metaphor
comparing two different things
Mock-Heroic Narratives
narratives of heroes
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
stanza
the division within a poem
Sonnet
Stanza: 1
Lines: 14
Meter: iambic pentameter
Rhyme Scheme: ABABCDCDEFEFGG
Extra: ends with couplet
Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds
suspense
the interest, excitement, and anticipation that you feel about what will happen in a poem
symbol
something that represents something abstract
lyric poem
what is "Annabel Lee"?
simile
comparison between two dissimilar objects or things using like or as
personification
attribution of personal qualities; representation of a thing or abstraction as a person or by the human form
Idiom
-An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression.It means something other than what it actually says.
belligerent
(adj) inclined to or exhibiting assertiveness hostility, or combativeness
Symbolism
use of persons, objects, and situations that are charged with significance and suggest deeper meaning
rhyme
the similarity fo ending sounds existing between two words
Blank verse
Poetry written unrhymed iambic pentameter
Types of Stanza
Couplet , Tercet, Quatrain
rhythm
The arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a pattern
Trochaic
Consists of one stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable
imagery
language that appeals to the senses
prose
ordinary or plain everyday language used in speech or writing with no patterns or rhymes
Repetition
word or phrases reapeted several times
Haiku
a traditional form of Japanese poetry
poetry
a compact form of literature expressing a wide range of emotions, telling stories, or revealing truths
Free verse
do not follow set rules
Perfect Rhyme
Rhymes involving sound that are exactly the same (ex: love, dove)
countenance (n.)
facial appearance that reflects moods, emotion, or character
Meter
A patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables (feet) in a poem
iamb
a metrical foot consisting of one unaccented syllable followed by one accented syllable
Tone
implied attitude of a writer toward subject and characters of a work.
Acrostic
Word or phrase appears vertically and each letter is the begging.
EMBROIDERED
decorated by sewing designs with a needle and thread or yarn
Vista
Extended view over a stretch of time
Scansion
The process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determinate metrical patter of the line.
allusion
a reference to something in literature or history
lament
a poem expressing grief, usually more intense and more personal than in a complaint.
chiasmus
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed
cacophony
use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing or unmelodious sounds
Heroic Couplet
iambic pentameter which rhyme in pairs
apostrophe
address to an absent or imaginary person
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
Odes 1.37
by Horace65-8 B.C.Eulogy\"Now is the time to get drunk\"\"But she sought a more noble death, for she had no effeminate fear of arms\"
Understatement
Saying less than one means or saying what one means with less force than the occasion warrants.
form
arrangement of lines or structure of a poem.
hyperbole
using great exaggeration (I told you a thousand times to clean your room.)
metonymy
a figure of speech in which something very closely associated with a thing is used to stand for or suggest the thing itself (White House=President)
end rhyme
rhymes at the end of the line
mood
da feeling or atmoshpere created in da reader by da litterary work
Catharsis
a term used by aristotle to describe some sort of emotional release experienced by the audience at the end of a successful tragedy.
Stages or Movements in Lyric
Anticipation, Consumation and Lamentation
Enjambment
a run-on line, when one line ends without a pause and continues into the next line for its meaning.
Sestet
A group of six lines of poetry, especially the last six lines of a Petrarchan sonnet
rhyme scheme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
situational irony
contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen
paradox
a situation or phrase that appears to be contradictory but which contains a truth worth considering
villanelle
fixed form of poetry in 19 lines composed of 5 tercets and a final quatrain written in iambic pentameter
Epic
A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure.
motif
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
irony
the use of words to express the opposite of what one really means
rhymed verse
verse with end rhyme and regular meter
Figue of Speech
language meant to be understood imaginatively instead of literally
satiric poetry
kind of comic poetry that generally conveys a message. tone of detached amusement and superiority
denotation
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression
The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words. When it occurs in a final stressed syllable, it is said to be masculine: cat/hat, desire/fire, observe/deserve. When it occurs in a final unstressed syllable, it is said to be f
Rhyme
internal rhyme
rhyme that occurs within a line of verse
Terza Rima
A series of three- line stanzas with interlocking rhymes, invented by Dante for The Divine Comedy (aba bcb cdc ded, etc.) in the early 14th century.
anastrophe
the in-verse of words in a line if verse that help retain rhyme and/or rhythm
Iambic Pentameter
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
those winter sundays
Theme: taking things for granted will lead to regret
Style: Free verse
Literary Elements: Repetition, Personification, Imagery, and Symbolism
cinquain
5 iambic lines (1ft on 1st line, 2ft on 2nd line, ect.)
Dramatic Poem
a poem which employs a dramatic form or some element or elements of dramatic techniques as a means of achieving poetic ends
slant rhymes
use sounds that are similar but not exactly the same
Figurative Language
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, [examples are metaphor, simile, and personification.
Petrarchan sonnet
14 lines, ABBA ABBA combo of CDE, first types of sonnets
pun
the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or applications, or the use of words that are alike or nearly alike in sound but different in meaning; a play on words.
Rhetorical question
A question to which an overt answer is not expected.
Ballad
A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tail or legend which often has a repeated refrain.
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
External (End) Rhyme
rhyme in which the rhyming word is on the end of the line
The Destruction of Sennacherib, George Gordon, Lord Byron
Like the leaves of the forest when Summer is green,
That host with their banners at sunset were seen:
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