Pre-AP US History II Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Tories
Another name for Loyalists.
Margaret Corbin
Pennsylvanian who accompanied her husband when he joined the Continental Army. After he died in battle, she took his place.
Patriots
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won.
Princeton
In this battle, General Cornwallis chased Washington. Washington went around the British flank and attacked another British garrison.
State Constitutions
These all include government structure, a bill of rights and a method that alll state constitutions can be ratified.
Ratification
making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it.
Martha Washington
Wife of President George Washington who assisted the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
Continental Congress
Convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution.
Militia
Civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army.
Benedict Arnold
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
Congress
the legislature of the United States government.
General James Wilkinson
Military governor of Lousianna territory and sometime secret agent of Spain who betrayed Burr's plot after promising to aid him.
Primogeniture
System of inheritance from father to eldest son for ownership or possession of land.
General Nathanael Greene
American General who defeated British General Cornwallis and cleared Georgia and South Carolina of British troops.
Sir William Howe
Washington's adversary who did not speedily crush the demoralized Americans after Battle of Long Island. No military genius. His forces lost at Bunker Hill.
Mercy Otis Warren
19th century American historian who wrote a 3-volume history of the American Revolution.
Kings Mountain
1780 battle in NC where Patriots defeated Loyalist militia; many neutral citizens swung over to patriot side and there was increased dislike of the British.
Vincennes
Clark captured this british fort by in a daring and ruthless raid.
Iroquois Confederacy
Union of the five major Iroquois peoples beginning about 1570.
Shay's Rebellion
Rebellion by debtor farmers in western Massachusetts, led by Revolutionary War Captain Daniel Shays, against Boston creditors. It began in 1786 and lasted half a year, threatening the economic interests of the business elite and contributing to the demise of the Articles of Confederation.
Western Claims
These caused a delay in ratification of the Articles of Confederation, seven of the 13 original states had claims to areas in the West, and these "landed" states had a great potential advantage over the six "landless" states.
King George III
King of England, stubborn, stupid, levied taxes even though he knew colonist would hate it, poor ruler, passed Quartering Act, hated colonists, wanted to show who's in charge.
Father Junipero Serra
Major Canadian Franciscan friar that founded the mission chain in California. He was a great promoter of the spread of Christianity because of his missions.
New Jersey Suffrage
Constitution recognized the right of suffrage for women and black men who met certain property requirements.
White Plains
It was here that General Howe came after Washington, who retreated into New Jersey, then Pennsylvania.
Admiral Richard Howe
Joined with William Howe, sailed into New York harbor with large British force.
Guilford Court House
an N.C. battle in which General Cornwallis defeated the Patriots.
Treaty of Paris, 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies, formally ended the American Revolutionary War.
Public Domain
Property rights that are held by the public at large.
Robert R Livingston
Along with James Monroe, negotiated in Paris for the Louisiana land area; signed a treaty on April 30, 1803 ceding Louisiana to the United States for $15 million
Brooklyn Heights
1st major battle for New York would be here. The British Army pushed the American troops back, forcing General Washington to retreat.
Jupiter Hammon
An Address to the Negros to the Estate of New York, a Black poet who became the first African-American published writer in America when a poem appeared in print in 1760. He was a slave his entire life. Is considered one of the founders of African American literature.
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