Principles of Government Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Rule by law
*who can participate*
government in which a few people have the power
an alliance of independent states
the process of reconciling competing views and interests in order to find the position most acceptable to the largest number
John lock
very influential to Thomas Jefferson
democratic republic
reresentative democracy with no inherited public office
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
Absolute rule within a defined territory
individual freedom
*basic concepts of democracy in america*
absolute freedom can only exist in a stage of anarchy; each individual must be as free to do as they please as far as the freedom of all will allow; proper balance between freedom for the individual and the rights of society
the formal approval, or act of validation, a constitution, a constitutional amendment or a treaty
government in which rulers are not responsible to the people being ruled (limited participation)
communist totalitarianism
small group of government leaders claims to derive power from the people
presidental government
executive and legislative branches of the government are separate, independent of one another,and coequal
the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures and processes of government
Judicial Branch (example)
(Supreme Court)-interprets laws (ex: Plessy v. Ferguson-reviewed for yrs if it was constitutional for separation of blacks and whites, overruled)
having supreme power within in its own territory
Divine Right
the belief that rulers derive their authority directly from god and are accountable only to him
federal system
system in which power is divided between a central government and regional governments
Limited Government
to prevent a tyranny, the government only has the powers that the Constitution give it and everyone (including the President) must obey the law
Unitary Government
a centralized government in which all government powers belong to a single central agency
judicial power
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle dispute that arise within the society.
Legislative Branch
(Congress: Senate (100), House of Reps (435)) makes laws
Executive Power
power to make, enforce, and manage the law
Marxist, the power elite, the bureaucrats, and the pluralist theory
the four theories elites
legislative power
power to make laws and frame public polices
public policies
all fo the things a government decides to do
Force theory (of government)
One person forced all others into submission
Separation of Powers
the power of the government is divided between 3 branches-- Legislative (has the power to make laws), Executive (has the power to carry out the laws), Judicial (has the power to explain and interpret laws)
basic concepts of democracy in america
worth of the individual, equality of all persons, majority rule- minority rights, necessity of compromise, individual freedom
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