Progressive Era Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
wage
salary
sufferage
the right to vote
17th amendment
Direct election of senators
Primary
Voters select their parties candidates
Theodore roosevelt
1901-1909 Republican, crushed trust, square deal, patriotism, felt for the people. 26th president of the united states of america.
Square Deal
progressive reforms sponsored by Roosevelt administration
jacob rii
photographer who documented the horrible living conditions for the children in cities
Muckrakers
Reporters who exposed corruption and problems, changed the public's opinion
Recall
voters can remove elected officials from office
19th Amendment
Amendment that provides women's suffrage
Election of 1912
Presidential campaign involving Taft, T. Roosevelt, and Woodrow Wilson. Taft and Roosevelt split the Republican vote, enabling Wilson to win
Socialism
economic and political system based on the equal distribution of wealth and government ownership of business and property
robert lafollete
nicknamed battling bob of wisconsin was one of the most progressive reform governors
Political Boss
A powerful corrupt politician who controlled government and demand payoffs
African AmericanWorked slowly to gain power
W.E.B. Dubois
William Taft
27th president, known for: Admittance of New Mexico and Arizona, trust-busting, strengthening of Interstate Commerce Commission, belief in world peace. Wanted to be supreme justice, got distant from TR
Upton Sinclair
Muckraker who wrote the book The Jungle, describing the appalling conditions in the meatpacking industry in the early 20th century
Democratic Party
led by Thomas Jefferson, believed the people should have political power and favored strong state governments
Working conditions
City and state laws improve workplace safety
hepburn act
expanded the power of the interstae comerce comisson and also called for the regulation of pipelines express and sleeping car companies bridges ferries and terminals
Patronage(Spoils System)
The practice of rewarding friends and political supporters with government jobs
The Jungle
Muckraking book by Upton Sinclair that detailed the gross innards of the meatpacking industry
clayton antitrust act
1914 saught to strengthen the sherman antiturst act of 1890. prohibited corporations from aquiring the stock from another.
Anthracite Coal Strike
1902 United Mine Workers of America strike in eastern Pennsylvania which threatened to cause an energy crisis requiring the federal government to intervene on the side of labor (first time)
Progressive Era
1900-1917 period of reform in the late 19th early 20th century
Background: many people believed that the power of the government should be centered with the people. Many believed that big business had too much power over government
National reclamation act
used money gained from the sale of public lands in the west to make stuff.
gifford pinchot
was the head of the us forest service and given control over the forest
Pure Food and Drug Act
stopped the sale of contaminated food and medicines and called for truth in labeling
How did scientific management improve efficiency?
It made tasks simpler and easier. As a result, workers became more productive and the amount of goods and services available to the people increased.
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