Psychological Disorders 10 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Amnesia
Dissociative
Obsessions


Persistent,
involuntary thought, image, or impulse that invades consciousness and causes
great distress




Biological Perspective




Underlying
physical disorders cause mental disorders


general medical conditions
Axis III
Depression prevalence
men: 5-12%women: 10-25%
narsisistic
all about them
very self-centered
Anxiety Disorder
psychological disorders characterized by distressing , persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
mood disorders
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes
Anxiety disorders prevalence
12% of canadians
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Immobility (or excessive, purposeless movement), extreme negativism, and/or parrotlike repeating of another's speech or movements.
the eating disorders
anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa
dissociative disorders
class of psychological disorders involving changes in consciousness, memory, or self-identity
dissociative amnesia
block out certain traumatic events
Id
contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification (I want)
compulsions
repetitive behaviors or mental cts that the person feels driven to perform and according to rules taht must be applied rigidly
paranoid schizophrenia
schizophrenic disorder marked by extreme suspiciousness and complex, bizarre delusions
Treatment-depression- drugs
Anti-depressants ( MAO-I, SSRIs) increase neurotransmitter activityneropeneprine and seritonan
Borderline Personality Disorder
Unstable personality given to impulsive behavior
Histrionic
A person with a ________ personality disorder displays shallow, attention-getting emotions and goes to great lengths to gain others' praise and reassurance.
Autistic Disorder
a childhood disorder characterized by lack of social instincts and strange motor behavior
Neurotic Disorder
a psychological disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially.
bipolar disorder
mood disorder marked by alternating periods of hopelessness and overexcited mania and optimism
narcissistic personality disorder
self-importance, need for admiration, self-involvement, no empathy
Justin is hearing voices that he believes are coming from the Central Intelligence Agency. He is extremely suspicious and distrustful of his neighbors, whom he suspects are actually agents of a foreign country. Justin appears to be experiencing the _____
A)paranoid
DSM-IV
the fifth version of the American Psychiatric Association's "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders."
delusions
false beliefs, often of perception or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
conversion disorders
somatoform disorders in which a dramatic specific disability has no physical cause but instead seems related to psychological problems
conversion disorder
somotoform disorder in which person suffers loss of motor or sensory functioning in some part of body
Schizoid Personality Disorder
One cluster of personality disorders expresses eccentric behaviors, such as the emotionless disengagement of the _______________.
Gender-identity disorders
disorders that involve the desire to become, or the insistence that one really is, a member of the opposite sex
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
anxiety disorder marked by flashbacks, jumpy anxiety, and insomnia
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions
dissociative identity disorder
An uncommon disorder involving a disturbance in identity, in which two or more separate and distinct personality states (identities) influence or direct behavior at different times. Sometimes called multiple personality disorder.
anxiety disorders
disorders in which anxiety is a characteristic feature of the avoidance of anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior
dissociative identity disorder
person exhibits two or more distinct personalities
flooding or implosion
face fear all at once
sink of swim
Major Depressive Disorder
the most common mood disorder. Key factor is the length of the depressive episode. Other symptoms- loss of appetite, fatigue, change in sleeping patterns, lack of interest in normally enjoyable activities, feelings of worthlessness
Lana is about the right weight for her age and height. Nevertheless, she is so preoccupied by her fear of becoming overweight that whenever she goes on an eating binge, she purges the excessive food by self-induced vomiting. It is likely that Lana suffer
B)bulimia nervosa.
Antisocial Pers. Disord.
actions marked by an indifference to the rights of others
Why is the dissociative coping explanation of dissociative identity disorder difficult to test?A)Dissociative identity disorder is so rarely diagnosed that experimental subjects cannot be located.B)Dissociative identity disorder is usually diagnosed in a
B)Dissociative identity disorder is usually diagnosed in adulthood, and it is often impossible to verify whether the reports of childhood trauma are real or imagined.
Six facts about depression summarized by Peter Lewinsohn
1) Many behavioral and cognitive changes accompany depression.
2) Depression is widespread.
3) Compared with men, women are nearly twice as vulnerable to major depression.
4) Most major depressive episodes self-terminate.
5) Stressful events related to work, marriage, and close relationships often precede depression.
6) With each new generation the rate of depression is increasing, and the disorder is striking earlier (now often in the late teens).
Which of the following is cited as evidence supporting the viral infection theory of schizophrenia?A)The onset of schizophrenia almost always involves inflammation of the outer covering of the brain.B)Approximately two-thirds of the people with schizophre
A)The onset of schizophrenia almost always involves inflammation of the outer covering of the brain.
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