Psychological Disorders 16 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Conversion Disorder
split mind
disorganized/disilusional thinking
disturbed perception
inappropriate emotions and actions
american psychiatric associations diagnostic and statistical. manual of mental disorders which provides a widely used system of classifying psychological diorders
Disorganized Type
Incoherent speech, hallucinations, delusions, and bizarre behavior
behaviors must be distressing, disabling, and put one at greatly increased risk of suffering/death
Personality Disorder
Psychological disorder characterized by inflexible and enduring patterns that impair social functioning
Dissociative Identity Disorder

Formerly called multiple personality disorder. Two or more distinct personalities or selves.

personality disorders
characterized by inflexible and enduring maladaptive character traits that impair social functioning
the impulse-control disorders
kleptomania, pyromania, pathological gambling
excessively shallow, always center of attention, overdramatic.
persistent, irrational fear of a specific object or situation
residual schizophrenia
withdrawal, after hallucinations and delusions have disappeared
Catatonic Schizophrenia
Characterized by bizarre motor behavior
medical model
perception that regarded mental illness as due to a physical disorder requiring medical treatment
Disorder in which recurrent sexual urges, fantasies, or behaior involve nonhuman objects.
Neurotic disorder
a psychological disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially.
Flat Affect
A zombielike state of apparent apathy.
aversive conditioning
put unwanted state with unwanted behavior
a somatoform disorder in which a person interprets insignificant symptoms as signs of serious illness in the absence of any organic evidence of such illness
diathesis-stress model
type of biopsychosocial model that relates the development of disorders to the combination of diathesis, or predisposition, usually genetic in origin, and exposure to stressful events or life circumstances
avoidant personality disorder
extreme shyness, feelings of inadequacy
dissociative disorders
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
how prevalent are psychological disorders?
46% lifetime prevalence
word salad
incoherent speech consisting of an illogical jumble of ideas and symbols, linked by meaningless rhyming words or by remote associations
Predisposition + Stressor --------------> Depression (genetic) (life event)
People with Mood Disorders
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent panic attacks in which the person suddenly experiences intense fear or terror without any reasonable cause
OCD biological causes
predisposition ( higher sympathetic nervous system arousal)Diathesis stress model- just in the genes.vunrability
Undifferentiated Type
Other symptoms that are not easily categorized
anxiety disorders
disorders in which anxiety is a characteristic feature or the avoidance of anxiety seems to motivate abnormal behavior
major depressive disorder
most common type of depressive disorder, characterized by periods of downcast mood, feelings of worthlessness, and loss of interest in pleasurable activities
dichotomous thinking
seeing everything in one extreme or its opposite
Roschach inkblot test
a projective personality test that requires respondents to interpret abstract, symmetrical inkblots
eating disorders
patterns of abnormal behavior in which a person doesnt eat, prevents body from digesting food, or combines bingeing and purging
Biological approach-- some people are genetically predisposed to addiction or develop addictions as a result of biological changes in the brain cause by heavy drug abuse
Substance abuse approaches
Dissociative Fugue
sudden loss of memory and the assumption of a new identy in a new place usually associated with phycological trama
December 10, 1973
The day that homosexuality was no longer classified an illness by the American Psychiatric Association.
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
inhibit the reuptake of serotonin (Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil)
generalized anxiety disorder
a continuous state of anxiety marked by feelings of worry and dread, apprehension, difficulties in concentration, and signs of motor tension
attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD)
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity
sexual disorders
Disorders with a sexual basis that are destructive, guilt-or anxiety-producing, compulsive, or a cause of discomfort or harm to one or both parties involved.
Which of the following statements about social phobia is FALSE?A)People with social phobia typically are unaware that their fears are unreasonable or excessive.B)Social phobia is more prevalent among women than men.C)People with social phobia fear being e
A)People with social phobia typically are unaware that their fears are unreasonable or excessive.
According to the research presented in the Critical Thinking box on smoking and psychological disorders, nicotine is implicated in psychological disorders because:A)people with psychological disorders tend to absorb more nicotine from cigarettes than oth
C)nicotine affects many of the same neurotransmitters and brain areas that are involved in mental disorders.
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