Psychology Psychological Disorders and Treatments Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Systematic Desensitization
create anxiety heirarchy
train relaxation techniques
work through hierarchy step by step, relaxing at each step
primary prevention
reduce joblessness, homelessness, poverty, or prejudice
a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain
Active listening
They encourage the clients to talk a lot about how they feel and sometimes mirror (repeat) back those feelings
Continual preoccupation with the notion of suffering from a serious physical disease
Exposure Therapies
Behavioral techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actuality) to the things they fear and avoid.
(psy. th) patient disagrees with therapist's analysis because painful thoughts are surfacing into the ego (denial is much easier), barrier to bringing out the unconscious
a procedure for statically combining the results of many different research studies
means to reach one's highest potential. Humanistic psychologists view it as a powerful motivational goal
Recurrent binge eating followed by attempt to control weight
Sociocultural Influences
Cultural differences in attitudes toward alcohol and abuse from country to country (People use drugs when they are available)
Aversive Conditioning
A type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking).
helps with the distinction of learned fears. PTSD OCD
tertiary prevention
is stopping the manifested symptoms from becoming too severe
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
cognitive-behavioral therapy
a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy
What do psychologists call personal strenghts that help people cope with stress?
A. resilience
B. transference
C. insight
D. meta-analysis
E. resistance.
A. resilience
Secondary prevention
involves working with people at-risk for developing specific problems. One example would be counseling people who live in an areas that has experiecned a trauma such as natural disaster or terrorist attack
Accurate Empathy
understanding a client's point of view
Panic Disorder
Repeated and unexpected panic attacks. Also persistent concerns about future attacks or a change in personal behavior in an attempt to avoid them
Aversion Therapy
Uses punishment to decrease the frequency of undesirable behaviors
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
A popular integrative therapy that combines congnitive therapy (changing self defeating thinking) with behavior therapy (changing behavior)
Antianxiety Drugs
Drugs used to control anxiety and agitation
medical model
looked at mental illness as curable like physical illnesses
client-centered therapy
a humanistic therapy in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients' growth
Which form of psychotherapy is LEAST likely to occur in therapist-led small groups?
A. client-centered therapy
B. psychoanalysis
C. systematic desensitization
D. cognitive therapy
E. token economy
B. psychoanalysis
What is really of interest to the analyst
or the hidden content
mainly revealed by the therapist's interpretive work
Impolsive therapy
involves having the client imagine teh most frightening scenario first. If the clients face their fears and do not back down, they soon realize that the fear is irrational
Disorganized Speech
Probably a thought disorder (not brain damage) though may resemble "word salad"
gestalt therapy
(hum. th.) Perls... get in touch with the "whole" self
family therapy
therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members
After learning that kicking would move a crib mobile, infants showed that they recalled this learning best if they were tested in the same crib.  This best illustrates the impact of ________ on recall.
A. the serial position effect
B. retrieval cues
B. retrieval cues
Fear of being in a place or situation from which escape is difficult or embarrassing, or in which help is unavailable in the event of a panic attack
regression toward the mean
the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to the fall back toward their average
Which of the following is most clearly a key contributor to the formation of the therapeutic alliance?
A. progressive relaxation
B. an eclectic approach
C. patient transference
D. an empathic therapist
E. free association
D. an empathic therapist
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (Ellis)
We respond to an (A) activating event with a range of emotional and behavioral (C) consequences and our responses vary because of our (B) beliefs about the world and ourselves
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