Quantitative Terms Flashcards

researcher
Terms Definitions
Dictionary definition
denotative definition
Qualities, properties or characteristics of persons, things, or situations that change or vary and are manipulated, measured, or controlled in research.
variables
Considered first nurse researcher
Florence Nightingale
Develops and coordinates funded research programs
Postdoctorate
knowledge derived from research
empirical knowledge
Systematic, subjective research methodology used to describe life experiences and give them meaning.
qualitative research
Diligent, systematic inquiry to validate and refine existing knowledge and generate new knowledge.
research
Includes concept analyses, maps, theories, and conceptual frameworks that support a selected research problem and purpose
theoretical literature
Concepts in conceptual models are referred to as _______
constructs
phenomenological research is what type of method
qualitative
Thinking oriented toward the development of an idea without application to, or association with, a particular instance.
abstract thinking
The abstract, logical structure of meaning that guides development of the study and enables the researcher to link the findings to nursing's body of knowledge
framework
Uses research findings in practice with supervision
AAS
Develops nursing knowledge through research and theory development
DNS, PhD
Uses research findings to promote evidence-based practice
BS
Narrative integration of quantitative studies, qualitative studies and theoretical literature to determine what is currently known about the adaptation to chronic pain
Integrative review
Research project completed by a master's student as part of the requirements for a master's degree
thesis
Alternative terms that authors might use to search for concepts or variables
synonym
Reasoning that involves the indentification and discrimination among many alternatives and viewpoints and that focuses on the process of debating alternatives.
operational reasoning.
A structured, comprehensive systhesis of quantitative studies in a particular heatlh care area to determine the best research evidence available for expert clinicians to use to promote evidence-based practice.
systematic review
Formal statement of the expected relationships between two or more variables in a specified population.
hypothesis
Examines casual connections at the level of small particles, such as atoms
Micromediation
Considers causal factors operating between molar and micro levels
Intermediate mediation
The relationship between two variables or concepts will remain consistent regardless of the values of each of the variables or concepts.
linear relationship
philosophical inquiry is what type of method
qualitative
A coherent body of knowledge composed of research findings, tested theories, principles and laws for a specific discipline.
science
A theory recognized with the discipline as useful for explaining important phenomena
substantive theory
Database that consists of citations relevant to a specific discipline or amy be a broad collection of citations from a variety of disciplines
bibliographic database
The opposite of construction; to take apart.
substruction
An abstract statement that further clarifies the relationship beween two concepts
relational statement
The relationship between two variables varies depending on the relative values of the variables.
curvilinear relationship
Conducts funded independent research projects
DNS, PhD, Postdoctorate
An organized written presentation of what scholars have published on a topic
literature review
Consists of an integrated set of defined concepts, existence statements, and relational statements tat present a view of a phenomenon and can be used to describe, explain, predict or control that phenomenon.
theory
Reasoning from a holistic perspective that involves examining factors that are opposites and making sense of them by merging them into a single unit or idea.
dialectic reasoning
Procedures that scientists have used, currently use, or may use in the future to pursue knowledge.
scientific method
inductive research technique initally described by Glaser and Strauss that is useful in discovering what problems exist in a social scene and the processes people use to handle them.
grounded theory research
Research that involves a narrative description or analysis of events that occurred in the remote or recent past.
historical research
The conscientious integration of best research evidence with clinical expertiese and patient values and needs in the delivery of quality, cost-effective health care.
evidence-based practice
Ethnographic research is what type of method:
qualitative
NINR mission in 2007
conducting quality studies, systhesizing study findings into best research evidence.
Grounded theory is what type of method
qualitative
The recognition that a number of interrelating variables can be involved in causing a particular effect
Multicausality
Exists when two or more research-trianed investigators with divergent backgrounds exploe the same phenomenon.
Investigator triangulation
A research framework is based on a ____
Theory
In a framework, all _______ should be defined.
Concepts
A highly abstract statement of the relationship between two or more concepts that is found in a conceptual model.
general proposition
The _____ of a theory are tested through research.
Propositions
A relationship in which one concept occurs later than the other
Sequential relationship
A relationship in which a similar concept can be substituted for the first concept and the second concept will occur.
substitutable relationship
Declares that a given concept exists or that a given relationship occurs.
existence statement
A process of extracting and defining concepts from theories in other disciplines
Concept deviation
Critical social theory is what type of method
qualitative
Sigma Theta Tau sponsor many national conferences to communicate nursing studies since 1970 in this area
nursing research
A type of quantitative research that provides an accurate portrayal or account of characteristics of a particular individual, situation, or group; these studies are often conducted when little is known about a phenomenon.
Descriptive research
A type of qualitative research that involves describing an experience as a person lives it.
phenomenological research
A type of quantitative research that involves examining cause and effect relationships but has a lower level of control than experimental research
quasi-experimental research
The combination of two or more concepts or synonyms in one search
complex search
Oriented toward the development of an idea without application to or association with a particular instance; independent of time and space.
abstract thinking
A program of research that is important for building a body of knowledge related to the phenomena explained by a particular conceptual model
Research tradition
Thinking that is oriented toward and limited by tangible things or events observed and experienced in reality.
concrete thinking
Using two or more analysis techniques to analyze the same set of data for the purpose of validation.
Analysis triangulation
Casual laws that related to large and complex objects
Molar
Imposing of rules by the researcher to decrease the posssibility of error and increase the probability tht the study's findings are an accurate reflection of reality.
Control
A type of research that was developed within the discipline of anthropology for investigating cultures through an in-depth study of the members of the culture.
ethnographic research
Reasoning that is used to break the whole into parts that can be carefully examined, as can the relationships among the parts.
logistic reasoning
Occurs only if a third variable or concept is present
contingent relationship
States tht when the first variable or concept occurs, the second will occur regardless of the presence or absence of the other factors.
sufficient relationship
Statements of what always occurs in a particular situation such as scientific law
deterministic relationship
A process of describing and naming a previously unrecognized concept.
concept synthesis
Directly linked to nursing research
philosophy, theory, nursing practice, science, abstract thought process, knowledge, ways of knowing.
The group of elements or subjects not exposed to the experimental treatment; used in studies with random sampling methods
Control group
A process in which the framework of a published study is separated into component parts to evaluate the logical consistency of the theoretical system and the interaction of the framework with the study methodology.
theoretical substruction
The amount of variation explained by the relationship
strength of the relationship
A theory that provides the basis for research that focuses on understanding how people communicate and how they develop symbolic meanings in society.
critical social theory
A measure of the truth or accuracy of a claim that is an important concern throughout the research process.
Study Validity
The use of two or more frameworks of theoretical perspectives in the same study, with development of hypotheses based on the different theoretical perspectives and tested on the same data set.
Theoretical triangulation
If A occurs, B will occur and if B occurs, A will occur
symmetrical relationship
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