Ecology Animals Flashcards

Terms Definitions
espèces
species
biologique
organic
célibataire
unmarried
dépirir
to wither
le plomb
Pb
un troupeau
herd
un ours
bear
Marmota monax
Woodchuck
alpine tundra
chinchilla
se vêtir
clothe oneself
Vulpes vulpes
Red Fox
Lampropeltis triangulum
Milk Snake
Lynx canadensis
Canadian lynx
Microtus pennsylvanicus
Meadow vole
logistic curve
s-shaped curve
sonoran desert
gila woodpecker
Peromyscus leucopus
White footes mouse
niche
The unique multidimensional relationship of a species with its environment
ponderosa douglas fir
stellar's jay
blue chest, pinyon juniper
pinyon jay
biotic factors
food items, predators, parasites, competitors, mates, hosts etc.
population
a reproductively interactive group of animals of a single species.
Population Interactions
Predator-prey, parasite-host (host is harmed), commensalism (parasite helped, host unharmed), Mutualism (parasite and host benefit).
amensalism
occurs when only one of the competitors incurs a cost.
ecosystem
consists of all the organisms living in a community as well as all the abiotic factors with which they interact.
Primary production
The conversion of sunlight into stored, transferable energy by plants via photosynthesis.
Realized
that set of conditions under which a particular animal actually exists. (Deer won't live in someones backyard realistically)
species diversity
the variety of species in an ecosystem or throughout the biosphere.
type 1 survivorship curve
high survival early in life indicates parental care of fewer offspring.
What lives in the Grassland?
Short grass, prairie dogs, termites, antelope, prairie chickens, etc.
pullulent
proliferate
brouter
graze
l'azote
N
les déchets
waste
la culture
crops
un bouquetin
ibex
une chèvre
goat
un manchot
penguin
Alces alces
Moose
riparian woodlands
beavers
l'appareil respiratoire
les poumons
Scalopus aquaticus
Eastern Mole
Ursus americanus
Black Bear
Rattus norvegicus
Norway rat
Sciurus carolinensis
Gray Squirrel
Myotis sodalis
Indiana Bat
Thamnophis sirtalis
Garter Snake
Pseudacris crucifer
Spring Peeper
mojave desert
Gila monster
lepus articus
show shoe hare
Odocoileus virginianus
White tailed deer
r-selection
density-independent selection, selects for life history traits that maximize reproduction.
Trachemys scripta elegans
Red eared slider
Zapus hudsonius
Meadow Jumping mouse (LONG TAIL)
trophic efficiency
the percentage of production transferred from one trophic level to the next
Lotic Aquatic habitat
Water obviosly flowing quickly.
genetic diversity
The genetic variation within a population and between populations.
commensalism
Beneficial for one, neutral for the other
pyramid numbers
represents the number of individual organisms in each trophic level
Basic biotic units Earth is divided into?
Biomes
ecosystem diversity
the variety of ecosystems in the biosphere
secondary production
the amount of chemical energy in consumers' food that is converted to their own new biomass during a given period of time.
Competitive Exclusion Principle
Suggests that two species cannot coexist when they have needs of a limited resource.
ecosystem level studies
examine how a community interacts with the physical environment.
zero population growth
occurs when the birth rate equals the death rate.
net primary production
equal to GPP minus the energy used by the
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