Religion Quiz: Buddhism Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Anatta
No Self
Nation/Area of origin
India
Founder
Siddhartha Gautama
Asoka spread it
King Asoka
Supporter of Buddhism
Prana
..., the invisible life force
Satori
A sudden flash of enlightenment
Bardo Thodol
Tibetan book of the dead
Prajna
..., Wisdom. Understanding the true nature of reality, which releases from samsara.
Nirvana Day
Holiday celebrating Buddha's death (80)
Sikhism
17 million, 1499, Guru Nanak, Adi Granth
mantras
Phrases or syllables chanted to evoke a deity of enhance meditation; used in HInduism and Buddhism, especially in Vajrayana
The propetic tradition
Adam--> noah---> abraham---> moses---> jesus---> muhammad
non-dualism
The idea that things appear distinct and separate while actually being the same
Mahabharata
..., A vast epic chronicling the events leading up to a cataclysmic battle between related kinship groups in early India. It includes the Bhagavad-Gita, the most important work of Indian sacred literature. (p. 185)
Theravadan
"Little Raft" OR "Way of the Elders"
Founder of Buddhism
Siddhartha (Gautama Buddha)- Born in Gautama in 563 BC, son of warrior-caste parents, wise man predicted he would either be a great monarch or a great ascetic, grew up in palace and trained to be a monarch, life changed when he decided to leave the palace and go see the world
Precepts of moral conduct
*avoid destroying life, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, and intoxicants
what do buddhists believe
rebirth (recarination) results from attachment(karma)
nirvana is peaceful, detached state of mind
acheiving nirvana means escape from the cycle of rebirth
Bhagavad Gita
..., (Hinduism) the sacred 'song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic)
The Lotus Sutra
*Lotus of the Dharma *Most influential as Mahayana scripture *Written between 100 BCE- 200 CE *In it Buddha spoke to his disciples
who was buddha
born siddharta gautama 563bc to a noble family. Gave up everything at the age of 29 to search for enlightment and the solution to suffering. He followed strict lifestyle for 6 years. Known as the awakened one at the age of 33. The rest of his 45 years he taught ppl how to achieve what he had
Three jewels of Jainism
..., Right Faith; Right Knowledge; Right Conduct
The Sutta Pitaka
Part of Pali Canon, Book of Discourse, contains essential teachings of Buddha, his accounts of enlightenment, and instruction on morality and meditation.
What are the holiest cities in islam
Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalam
Buddhism in the West
over the past two cent buddhism has made inroads into the western world through....immigration of asians ppl who have brought their diverse forms of buddhism to the west. western followers adopted meditation practices.
A a faith the Jews believe...
in one god/ creator of universe, personal but non-corponreal
in prophets of old- esp Moses, through whom Torah was revealed to the hebrew ppl
In the Torah (first of five bibles) containing religious, moral and social law which guides the jews. There bible does NOT include the new testament
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