Respiratory System 11 Flashcards

nasal septum
Terms Definitions
carcin/o
cancer
atel
incomplete
Laryng/o
Larynx
coni/o
dust
stat
immediately
Tympan/o
drum
VPS
ventilation/perfusion scanning
Antitussive
Cough Suppressant
thoracalgia
chest pain
pc,pp
after meals
Cilia
nose hairs
pleur/o
pleura, side rib
dyspnea:
irregular breathing patterns
TGV
thoracic gas volume
alve-
combining formhollow, cavity
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
Carina
trachea bifurcates (branches)
What connects alveoli?
Alveolar pores.
coni/o
dust
 
ex. pneum/o/coni/osis - abnormal dust in the lung condition
Decongestants (2)
Sudafed,EntexReduces nasel congestions
trach(e)-, trachy-
combining form(rough) trachea
bronchitis
inflammation of a bronchus
hyperpnea
increase in breathing rate
Lobes in right lung
3
eupnea
term for normal respiratory rhythm
hypoventilation
decreased alveolar ventilation in relation to metabolic rate
-tomy
cut into or incision (suffix)
Dysphonia
voice impairment including hoarsness, weakness, and loss of voice
Corticosteroids (WRTUF)
Act as antiinflammatory agents
mediastinal space
Space separating the lungs.
Cavity that houses lungs
Pleural cavity
mucosa
layer of trachea that has pseudostratified epithelium and goblet cells. also has cilia
Posterior Inspiratory Muscles
Levator scapulaeRhomboideus Major Rhomboideus MinorTrapezius
Sympathetic stimulation in the lungs causes
bronchodilation
nas/o
 
rhin/o
nose
 
ex. nas/al - pertaining to the nose
 
ex. rhin/o/plasty - surgical repair of the nose
Tubular structure that is posterior to the oral and nasal cavities, extending from the base of the skull and situated anterior to the cervical vertebrae.
pharynx
How can pulmonary function by evaluated? Name of the piece of equipment.
Spirometry
Resonance
low-pitched sound heard over normal lungs
nasopharynx
Uppermost portion of the pharynx, lying above the soft palate.
tuberculosis (TB)
infectious desease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; lungs usually are involved, but any organ in the body may be affected
connective tissue lining the lungs
visceral pleura
hiccup
a quick, involuntary inhalation that follows a spasm of the diaphragm and is suddenly checked by closure of the glottis, producing a short, relatively sharp sound.
Occasionally food or liquids will "go down the wrong pipe," initiating a cough reflex. Which structural barrier has been breached if this happens?
Epiglottis
CELLULAR RESPIRATION
the mitochondrial process in which oxygen is utilized during ATP synthesis. Note that this type of cellular respiration is often referred to as "aerobic respiration"
Pleurae of lung
thin double-layered serosa, parietal pleura on thoracic wall, visceral pleura on external lung surfacepleural fluid between the two layers, which reduces friction and creates a pressure gradient
compared to alveoli, do the pulmonary capillaries have a lower or higher concentration of CO2
higher
RALES (CRACKLES)
ABNORMAL CRACKLING SOUNDS HEARD DURING INSPIRATION WHEN THERE IS FLUID, BLOOD, OR PUS IN THE ALVEOLI.
A technical term for suspension of external breathing.
apnea
cocc-, -coccus
combining formcoccux (a type of spherical bacterium)
What disease is associated with a wider chest circumference?
emphysema
Tracheostomy
OPENING through the neck into the trachea, through which an indwelling tube may be inserted temporarily or permanently
bifurcation
The site where a single structure divides into two.
Epiglottis
Shoehorn shaped flap of tissue that prevents the entery of the both liquids and solids foods into the respiratory system.
Inhalation pressure
Volume increases, Pressure outside > pressure inside, air flows in
Henry's Law
gas in contact with liquid will dissolve according to its partial pressure.
ALVEOLAR SACS
ALVEOLAR SACS LOOK LIKE CLUSTERS OF GRAPESTHE “INDIVIDUAL GRAPES” ARE ALVEOLI
Epistaxis
bleeding from the nose; may be caused by allergies, hypertension, infection, or nasal trauma. 
 
Also called nosebleed or nasal hemorrhage
Nasal Canula
Oxygen tubing designed to deliver gas into a patient's nose.
The abnormal accumulation of fluid in the extravascular spaces or alveoli of the lungs.
pulmonary edema
What is laryngitis?
inflammation of the mucosal epithelium of vocal folds
What is the partitian called that separates the nasal cavities into right and left halves?
nasal septum
What structure is located at the posterior wall of the nasopharynx?
pharyngeal tonsils
tracheotomy
new opening of the trachea to the outside of the body
Pneumothorax
any condition that allows air into the pleural cavity. Leads to collapse of the lung.
lungs
pair of organs, the principal parts of the respiratory system
Alveolar Ducts
2 - 11 for each respiratory bronchiole which they branch from.
Bohr effect
release of O2 in response to low pH
Deviated Septum
one part of the nasal cavity is smaller because of malformation or injury of the nasal septum
What is emphysema
Aveoli damaged due to smoking, less effective respiratory membrane area => less O2 into blood. Lung tissue becomes fibrotic and looses some of its elasticity => collapse during expiration and trapping of air. Weak chest muscles do to barrow-chest.
ABGs are measured to determine...
oxygenation status and acid-base balance.
carbon dioxide
gas produced by body cells when oxygen and food combine; exhaled through the lungs
Relaxation couses the diaphragm to move? And the rib cage to move?
upwards; down and in
TOTAL LUNG CAPACITY
TOTAL AMOUNT OF AIR IN THE LUNG FOLLOWING A MAXIMAL INHALATION.
AMOUNT (ML): 5800
What triggers inhalation and exhalation?
inhalation: pH changes caused by carbon dioxide buildup.exhalation: stretch receptors
What are the factors affecting gas diffusion?
Concentration diff. across membrane.Thickness of the membrane.Surface area of the membrane.
lung ventilation scan
measures the ability of the lungs to take in air
aspiration
the act of removing a fluid, as pus or serum, from a cavity of the body, by a hollow needle or trocar connected with a suction syringe.
dissolved in plasma, hemoglobin, converted to carbonic acid
CO2 tramsported in blood using 3 reversible methods
What is Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome?
Premature babies may lack sufficient surfactant production - type II cells.
S/S of inadequate oxygenation on the Cardiovascular system
Tachycardia, Mild HTN, Arrhythmias (ex:PVC'S)(early or late), Hypotension (late), Cyanosis (late), Cool / clammy skin (late)
The Bronchi and the Bronchial Tree
Trachea branches into left and right primary bronchi Primary bronchi branch into secondary bronchi Secondary bronchi branch into tertiary bronchi
Inspiration (by way of the phrenic nerve)
contraction of diaphragm and external intercostal muscles
What is the lower respiratory tract?
The division of the respiratory system composed of organs located almost entirely within the chest.
The left lung has a medial surface indentation called
cardiac impression, that is formed by the heart
Which parts of the Lower Respiratory Tract are located in the lungs?
The lower parts of the bronchi, bronchioles and alveoli
What is the purpose of the nose as part of the respiratory system?
It traps particles, warms and humidifies air, detects odors and contributes to voice.*note: conchae-- increase surface area, lined with mucous membranes with cilia and hair.
How is O2 transported in the blood?
O2 attaches to Fe in a heme group. Four heme groups per hemoglobin molecule.
/ 87
Term:
Definition:
Definition:

Leave a Comment ({[ getComments().length ]})

Comments ({[ getComments().length ]})

{[comment.username]}

{[ comment.comment ]}

View All {[ getComments().length ]} Comments
Ask a homework question - tutors are online