Romantic Art Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Theodore Gericault
Francisco Goya
Thomas Cole
The Nude Maja
The Oregon Trail
The Fighting Temeraine
Henry Fuseli
Supernatural, Shakespeare
The Slave Ship
Lackawanna Valley
George Inness
Caspar David Friedrich
Landscapes, nature
Storm in the Rockies
The Lady of Shallott
Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Henri Labrouste, 1850, Paris
By John William Waterhouse
The Raft of the Medussa
Albert Blerstadt
Landscapes of American west
The Third of May 1808
Cole Set 2
"The Pastoral State"
Palais Garnier, Charles Garnier, Paris, 1875
Osage Scalp Dance
John Mix Stanley
The Banjo Player
William Sydney Mount
William Blake
printmaker, english poet, painter. "Ancient of Days" illustrated the bible (considered mad). Hate the church of England, religious. "The great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed in Sun" and "the Great Red Dragon and the beast of the see" " the number of the beast is 666"
Theodore Géricault
French artist, painter and lithographer. Although he died young, became one of the pioneers. "The raft of the Medusa" (actually happen and ppl ate themselves) "Caninibalism on the Raft on the Medusa study" ... and another study.
Cole Set 4
"The Destruction of Empire"
Eugene Delacroix
"LIberty Leading the People", "Massacre at Chios": 13 Ft. High, Huge wall sized paintings
Houses of Parliament, Charles Berry, London, 1870
Crystal Palace, Joseph Paxton, London, 1850
"Looking Down Yosemite Valley"
by Albert Bierstadt
Tiger Hunt
oil, Delacroix, 1850, African-inspired painting full of motion; tiger attacking the hunter's horse
Wanderer Above the Mists, Graveyard in the Snow,Sea of Ice, Dolemen in the Snow
The Number of the Beast is 666
Casper Devid Frienddrich
German (most important) Landscape painter. Contemplation of nature, silhouettes against night. "The Wanderer Above the Miss" guy contemplating nature (Metaphysical nature) "Dol men in the snow" (cold) "Graveyard in the snow" (death tomb), "Sea of the Ice" (Boats in a tomb).
Albert Bierstadt
"Storm in the Rocky Mountains", "Looking Down Yosemite Valley", "The Oregan Trail"
Emotion over reason and senses over intellect; focused on anything that aroused them
"The Savage State"
by Thomas Cole, no people
"Hamlet Breaking from his Attendants to Follow the Ghost"
Shakespeare's Hamlet
"The Slave Ship"
by Joseph Mallard William Turner
Insane Woman
oil on canvas, Gericault, 1820; painting of a woman in an asylum, who looks like Malle Babbe by Hals (wearing all brown, unusual face). insanity people were though to be unguarded and more honest in their emotions
The Last of the Race
Thompkins Harrison Matteson
The Exhumation of the Mastodon
Charles Wilson Peale
The Great Red Dragon and the Woman Clothed With the Sun
Francisco Gaya
Spain. court painter. "the third of may 1808" "the Nude Maja" puta desnuda... then she was dressed once he died. "The Witche's" "the Black Painting of Quinta del Sort" painting in his house.
Joseph Mallard William Turner
english romantic landscape painting, one of greatest masters of watercolor, "The Shipwreck of the Minotaur", "The Slave Ship", "Eruption of Vesuvius", "The Fighting Temeraire"
"The Destruction of Empire"
by Thomas Cole, burning, fire
"Ancient of Days"
William Blake, considered mad by other people, he liked the Bible, but hated the church of England, God looking down creating something
"Massacre at Chios"
by Eugene Delacroix, 13 ft. high, second major oil painting, military, suffering and dying people
"The Oregon Trail"
by Albert Bierstadt, actually went on it so that he could paint it
Hudson River School
group of American artists who painted unspoiled nature in New York and the Hudson Valley. Bierstadt was one of the more prominent artists
The Black Paintings of Quinta del Sordo
Paintings on Goya's walls
"The Third of May 1808"
by Francisco Goya, resistance to army
"The Number of the Beast is 666"
by William Blake, contemporary reference
Tiger Devouring a Gavial Crocodile
small bronze statue, 1830, by Barye, who depicted life and death scenes in animal lives (lions, etc).
"Cannibalism on the Raft of Medusa"
by Theodore Gericault, practice one, a study
Snowstorm; Hannibal and His Army Crossing the Alps
oil, 1812, JMW Turner; strived to show the danger and chaos of nature, as storm overwhelms historical Carthaginian troops in the Alps, coming at and over them like a tidal wave
Pastoral State
The Savage State
The Clothed Maja
Death of Sardamapalus
Massacre at Chios
Eruption of Vesuvius
Cole Set 5
The Consumation of Empire
The Destruction of Empire
Liberty Leading the People
Neuschwanstein, Eduard Riedel, Schawangau, 1892
Wanderer Above the Mist
Old Kentucky Home
Eastman Johnson
The Shipwreck of the Minotaur
Sleep and His-Half Brother Death
Cole Set 1
"The Savage State"
Smithsonian Institution, James Renwick Jr., Washington DC, 1855
by Thomas Cole, nothing left
Falls of the Kaaterskills
Thomas Cole
Albert Brierstadt
German American. American West Landscapes. Part of the Hudson River School. "Storm in the Rocky Mountains" "Looking Down Yosenite Valley"
Cole Set 3
"The Consummation of Empire"
Linderhof Castle, King Ludwig II, 1866, Bavaria
Royal Pavilion, John Nash, Brighton, 1822
"The Nightmare" 1790-1791
made 3 more versions
etching, Piranesi, 1750; chaotic scene looks like an unpleasant modern-day city, seems unstable and dirty
John William Waterhouse
Female Greek and Arthurian legends
Hamlet Breaking from his Attendants to Follow the Ghost
"The Pastoral State"
by Thomas Cole, farmers, crops
"Eruption of Vesuvius"
by Joseph Mallard William Turner
The Haywain
oil, 1820, John Constable; English countryside scene in daily farming life; tranquil and quiet as empty hay wagon crosses a river in Suffolk. This ignores the Industrial Rev to focus on nature
Death of Sardanapalus
oil, Delacroix, 1830; resigned Assyrian king from a play by Lord Byron watches from his bed as his haarem and favorite horse are killed after he loses in battle
Fur Traders Descending the Missouri
George Caleb Bingham
Joseph Mollard William Turner
English landscape painter, water colorist, and printmaker. Controversial revolutionized landscape. "The shipwork of the Minotaur", "The Slave Ship" , "Eruption of Vesuvius", "The Fighting Temeraire"
J.M.W. Turner
"The Shipwreck of the Minotaur", "The Slave Ships", "Eruption of Vesuvious", "The Fighting Temeraire"; Focused on natural disasters
"The Nightmare" 1781
1781, his best-known work, became so famous he painted another one
"The Wanderer Above the Mists"
by Caspar David Friedrich, contemplating nature
"The Nude Maja"
by Francisco Goya, got in trouble for painting it
"Death of Sardanapalus"
by Eugene Delacroix, 12 X 16, dominant feature is large bed, naked girls everywhere, makes huge paintings
La Marseillaise
this high relief part of the Arc de Triumph, carved by Francois Rude, shows an allegorical figure of France/Liberty leading soldiers during the revolution to defend the borders from Austria and Prussia. named after the national anthem; highly patriotic
"The Raft of the Medusa"
by Theodore Gericault, a ship that wrecked
Scenes from the Massacre at Chios
oil, Delacroix, 1830; showed recent massacre of Greeks by Ottomans, with Greek men and women at the mercy of the Turks. Turks are clothed, armed, and have a horse; prisoners are in dishabille on the ground
Saturn Devouring One of His Children
oil on plaster (painted on a wall), 1820, Goya; painted during his Black Years, this depicts the irrationality of old age and the horror he felt inside
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