Egypt and Ancient Kush Flashcards

Terms Definitions
era
time period
contract
binding legal agreement
Lower Egypt
northern region
Karnak
The Temple of ____________________________ was one of Egypt's largest temples.
papyrus
a long-lasting paper-like material made from reeds
trade routes
paths followed by traders
engineering
the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
Aton
sun god/disk, worshiped by Akhenaton
pyramids
huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on the top
Khufu
(KOO-foo) (ruled 2500s BC) Egyptian pharaoh, he ruled during Egypt's Old Kingdom and is known for the many monuments built to honor him.
mummies
specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth
Artisans
skilled workers and crafts people, came to be when farmers started making surpluses, made things suchas stone or brick houses and temples, pottery, mats, furniture, linen clothing, sandles, and jewelry
Delta
triangle-shaped deposit of rich soil (silt) near a rivers mouth, in it the Nile divides into many streams
Mining
quarried- obtaining stone by cutting digging or blasting, did it to copper (for tools and weapons), iron (for superior strength), gold, turquoise, and emeralds
Middle Kingdom ACHIEVEMENTS
-scribes -statues, paintings, and sculptures
mummy
body prepared for burial according to ancient Egyptian practice, done to keep the body from decaying after death
Thutmose I
father of Hatshepsut, husband of Ahmase, pharaoh
obelisk
a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top
Menes
Around 3100 BC, a leader named _____________ rose to power in Upper Egypt
Queen Hatshepsut
a ruler who worked to increase Egyptian trade
Dynasty
A series of rulers from the same family
King Ezana
Aksumite ruler, he destroyed Mero and took over the kingdom of Kush around AD 350.
pharaoh
title used by the rulers of Egypt, blamed if crops did not grow
New Kingdom ACHIEVEMENTS
- Most powerful at that time
succession
order in which members of a royal family inherit a throne
old kingdom
when pyramids were 1st built, held dynasties 3-6, when pharaohs or kings became to be considered gods, strong central government
Ahmose
The prince who drove Hyksos out of Egypt
trade network
a system of people in different lands who trade goods
Middle Kingdom
a period of order and stability that lasted until about 1750 B.C.
Piye
king of Kush around 750 BC who gained control of Egypt becoming pharaoh and uniting Egypt and Kush
New Kingdom
The period from about 1550 to 1050 BC in Egyptian history when Egypt reached the height of its power and glory.
False
A noble is a series of rulers from the same family
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