Elements of Drama Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Teleplay
written for television
Author
known as a playwright
dialogue
speeches of the characters
comedy
a funny work of drama
Props
The items used on stage.
Act
major sections of the play
foils
Characters who provide a sharp contrast to the qualities of the main characters
falling action
events leading to the resolution
Irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Scenes
When the acts are divided up.
monologue
thinking out loud (one person), speaking on stage
expository essay
seeks to explain something, and therefore foster readers' understanding
resolution
the point where all problems wrap up
Action
must be meaningful and important to the story
acts and scenes
plays are divided into theses
round/complex character
a role with depth, complexities, personal problems
stage direction
INSTRUCTIONS for the director, the actors, and the stage crew
couplet
a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
Malapropism
A ludicrous or humorous misuse of a word. Ex: The nurse asks for a confidence instead of a conference.
critical essay
evaluates a situation, a course of action or a work of art
Dialouge
the words the characters speak to one another
soliloquy
long speech addressed to no one in particular
subplots
are common in dramas they are 2nddary story lines that contrast and add interest to the main plot
conflict
essential in drama that draws us into a story, creates tension and suspense
Setting
Time and place of the story. In Romeo and Juliet begins in Verona, Italy on a Sunday.
purpose of rising action
tension builds, we get drawn in
narrator
sets the scene for the drama and may comment on what happens
dramatic or drama
works of literature meant to be preformed on stage or read as a performance
iambic pantameter
A form of meter that consists of 5 unstressed syllables each followed by a stressed syllable
theatrical notation
1.4.117 ACT.SCENE.LINE
script
text of a play
minor characters
less important, supporting roles
Playwright
The author of the play.
main characters
KEY CHARACTERS in the play
history
about a past and true event
minor character
less importance character, supporting roles
Characterization
The playright's technique for creating believable characters.
personal essay
writers express their viewpoints on subjects by reflecting on events or incidents in their own lives in an informal, highly personalized style
Suspense
the growing uncertainty we feel about what will happen
exposition
sets the stage, gives info about setting and characters
Role
Indepth characters to help drive the story from start to finish.
narrative
a convention used to give exposition or background information, directed at the audience
introspective
inner thoughts and feelings of a character
dramatic irony
the difference between what a character knows and what the audience knows (anne thinks she can go to school in the fall
Personification
A figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to an animal, object, or idea. Ex: "the heel of limping winter"
drama
a work of literature meant to be performed for an audience by actors
words or actions
Characters also reveal details of themselves through
Aside
a message that departs from the main subject
chorus
a group of players who give key information about what's happening
Stage Directions
The sets of bracketed information that describe the scenery and how the character should speak.
go-between
a person who acts on behalf of another
Pun
A play on words which is humorous or witty. Ex: Tomorrow you will find me a "grave" man (both serious & dead).
scenery
the items that are on stage to help create the setting
Cast of characters
a list of the characters in the drama
flat character
simple, shallow, one-dimensional
major character
lead character, stars
climax
the moment of highest tension
Set
are the scenery, backdrops, and furnishings that creat the setting of the action.
major characters
key characters in the play
interview
a conversation in which one person asks questions of another to obtain information
tragedy
a serious drama in which the protagonist suffers a catastrophe
round character
demonstrate many aspects of their personality, more lifelike
tragic flaw
mistaken action or defect in character
turning point/climax
conflicts and complications reach a critical point
persuasive essay
attempts to convince readers to adopt a certain point of view or to take a particular action
blocking
markers of where to stand on the stage
theater
the building where a play is performed and watched
plot
a sequence of incidents or events of which a story is composed
4 basic elements of drama
plot, conflict, setting, character
sets
give an idea of where the action takes place
time or setting
a change of scene or an act indicates a passage or change of
Makeup
Technical element
Turning point
Literay element
sound effects
rain, telephones, and police sirens
Diction
the articulation of speech regarded from the point of view of its intelligibility to the audience
Dionysian Festival
Tragedies were originally written and performed for Dionysus' festival which celebrated the coming of spring.
Plots
The sequence of related events that happen in the work.
special effects
special audio or visual elements used in a play
Anagnorsis
a discovery that often leads to a reversal in fortune
Comic Relief
A humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood
Exodus
departure of the chorus and end of the play
scene
subdivision of an act of a play, where action takes place in one stage setting.
Most playwrights write plays that are based on _________
experience, observation, and imagination
Many plays are written about family situations because ____________
all families have conflicts, strong feelings, and relationships
Acting
Performence element
Story line (plot)
Literary element
Dramaitc
When the reader/audience knows the 'big picture' while the characters only know thier point of view
Prologue
introduced the action of the play
actors
The people who perform the drama.
character
a person represented in a story.
wordplay
puns or other clever or silly exchanges of words
dramatic speech
something important in drama because it advances the storys action.
rehearsals
practice sessions before the play is put on before an audience.
lighting
helps to set mood and setting; soft lighting is used for romantic scenes and bright lighting is for sunlight
Protagonist
The main character in a drama or other literary work
iambic pentameter
a pattern of five metrical feet with each foot having an unstressed and stressed beat
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