Elements of Fiction 4 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dynamic
change
believability
appropriate setting
bad character
antagonist
setting
time and place
open resolution
not resolved
Resolution
The final outcome.
crisis
moment of high tension
Round Characters
More fully developed
motivation
the reasons, justifications, explanations for a character's actions
Diction
An author's choice of words
mood
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
exposition
basic situation;main characters, and conflicts are introduced
time
when does the story happen?
narrative
relating to tell a story
Metaphor
not using like or as
plot
the action in a story
character
actors in a story's plot
symbol
something that represents a meaning larger than itself
author
the person who writes the story
General Setting
Overall setting; does not change
plot structure
expostion, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution.
Persona
A fictitous character, not the poet
Round Character
a complex and many-sided character.
Tone
the authors attatuide towards the story
antagonist
the character against the main character
conflict
the problem or struggle characters face in a story
characterization
the act of describing distinctive characteristics or essential features
Internal Conflict
A conflict within a character
flat character
stereotyped, shallow, often symbolic, has only on of two personality traits
confidant(e)(s)
the character with whom the protagonist shares private thoughts with
Flashback
The technique of stopping the chronological action in a story and shifting to an earlier period to introduce additional information.
Protagonist
The main character in the story
autobiography
An account of the writer's own life.
dynamic characters
characters who undergo a change throughout the story
falling action
where the events and complications have begun to resolve themselves
Motif
(n.) a principal idea, feature, theme, or element; a repeated or dominant figure in a design
Epiphany
A moment of sudden realization of meaning or significance
reliable narrator
narrator is a trustworthy and intelligent guide for the reader
1st person
narrator uses I, my, myself, etc.
external conflict
the main character struggles against an outside force such as another character, standards/judggement, or nature.
static
they undergo no changes in the story
Fantasy
stories that take place in unreal settings and/or under impossible circumstances
Theme
What the story reveals about life, human nature and the world;Central idea of the story; Reflects the authors view about a subject or topic.
inciting action
the event that introduces the protagonist to his conflict (gets the plot going!)
Characters:
People,animals or other beings in a story.
Protagonist:The hero or heroine in a story.
Antagonist:The bad character.
Rising Action
events leading up to the climax
dynamic character
character who undergoes a permanent change; typically the main character
Characters
the people or animals in a story
Indirect Characterization
Infer information about the character, educated guess, your judgement about the character
Static Character
A character who does not change.
Climax
the decisive moment in a novel or play
Point-of-view
The perspective the writer uses to tll the story is called_______. ex. first person, third person omnisciet, or third person limited.
simile
a comparison of two things that have some quality in common and use the words like, as, or than - "Her smile is as pretty as a flower."
Structure
is the form or organization a writer uses for their literary work. There are a great number of possible forms or structures used regularly in literature: parable, fable, romance, satire, farce, slapstick, and so on.
minor characters
all have a purpose (foil, symbol, advance action)
a) external
man vs. man
man vs. nature
man vs. society
man vs. beast
man vs. machine
internal conflict (1 type)
man vs self, inner conflict
Parallel time
An organizational pattern of text in which events alternate or switch between time periods
Initiating event
the situation, moment or event that starts the conflict of a story
point of view
The narrator's position or perspective is a story's ______________.
flash back
the author interrupts the story to fill in necessary background informatoin about the Character, setting, or the problem/conflict.
Fiction
Fiction is a fake, imaginary or made up story.
limited omniscient
allows the narrator to share the thoughts an feelings of only one character (main)
Allusion
A reference in a work of literature to a character, place, or situation from another work of literature, music, art, the Bible, mythology, or from history.
novel
a work of fiction that is longer and more complex than a short story.
man vs. himself
character has trouble deciding what to do in a particular situation
MINOR CHARACTER
a character that is not important; the story can go on without them
First Person
The narrator is a character in the story who can reveal only personal thoughts and feelings and what he or she sees and is told by other characters; he or she can't tell what others are thinking
First Person Narration
Point of view from the main character
Third-Person Limited
The narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind of one of the characters.
Style
the arrangement of words in a way that best expresses the author's individuality, idea, intent
Situational Irony
an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected
character vs. society
a character faces a problem with a larger group.
Omniscient Point Of View
the narrator is capable of knowing, telling, and seeing all
• Dynamic character
changes in some important way as a result of the story's action
Third Person Narration
narrator is outside of the story - an observer of others
limited third-person point of view.
narrator reveals only the thoughts and feelings of one character
Author and Me
not in the text, the reader has to put together what the author says, and has to use what they already know
First Person Points of View
The story is told by one of the characters.
dialouge
wrods spoken by a character
Genre
a category of literature characterized by similarities in form, style, and subject matter. Some of the most common genres are: traditional literature, realistic fiction, historical fiction, science fiction, fantasy, folktales/tall tales/fairy tales, legends, myths, mysteries, horror, sports, westerns, romance, and graphic novels.
characteriation
is techniques an author uses to develope the personality or a character in a literary work
Main Character
am important character; story cannot go on without them.
foreshadowing
the auther gives hints clues about wats ganna take place in the story.
Conflict/Problem
the struggle or problem that triggers the action
FALLING ACTION.
THE CONFLICT IS BEGINNING TO BE SETTLED.
Mood/Tone
is the feeling that the literary wprk gives to readers.
Authors Purpose
the authors reason for creating the piece of work; to explain, to entertain,inform, persuade
dialogue
words spoken by a character in a literary work usually they inside quotation marks
Dialect
is a form of language that is spoken in a particular place by a particular group of people
3rd person omniscient
told by a narrator outside the story who knows what is happening in the minds of all the characters
Plot Diagram
is a tool that helps keep track of the parts of the plot.
3rd person
told by a narrater who is not part of the story, only knows thoughts of the main character
3rd PERSON LIMITED.
TOLD BY A NARRATOR WHO IS NOT PART OF THE STORY; THIS NARRATOR ONLY KNOWS THE THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS OF THE MAIN CHARACTER.
3rd Person Limited
told by a NARRATOR who is not part of the story; this narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of the MAIN CHARACTER ( Author uses SHE, HE, and THEY).
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