EMT-B Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
no breathing.
Collar bone
-Intropin (tm)-sympathomimetic-IV infuse 2-20 mcg/kg/min to pt response
pertaining to speech
the thigh bone
Early signs of Hypoxia

Tachycardia (fast heart rate)
Positive Pressure Ventilation
Artifical Ventilation
characterized by profuse sweating
pertaining to the thorax
4 “Ts” of Trauma

Common Prescribed Medications
Endrocine and Hormone  Medications
HRT (Thyroid or estrogen) Birth Control, control Glucose Levels in Diabetics

conjugated estrogens (Premarin)
norgestimate/ethinyl estradiol (Ortho Tri-Cyclen)
glipizide (Glucotrol & Glucotrol XL)
norelgestromin/ethinyl estradriol (Ortho Evra)
rosiglitazone (Avandia)
pioglitazone (Actos)
metformin (Glucophhge & XR)
glimepiride (Amaryl)
glyburide/metformin (Glucovance)
full-body muscle contractions lasting up to several minutes
Continuing Medical Education- assures up to date classes and information for EMTs
An intentional false communication that injures another person's reputation or good name
Lying face down on stomach
the uncontrollable and immediate repetition of words spoken by another person.
Assisted and Artificial Ventilation

Nonbreathing patient
breathing inadequately (with some form of + pressure ventilation)
Too fast
Too Slow
Reduced Tidal Volume 
Irregular breathing pattern
Can't speak a whole sentence
Epi-Pen Steps
Recieve Order (direct or indirect)
Ensure it is patients, not expired, and clear
remove cap
tip to lateral thigh
push in - 10 sec
record time and dose (.3mg adult, .15 child)
pulling into oneself. Retreating from reality
a severe complication of pregnancy that produces seizures and coma.
Bones in the fingers and toes 
bones that form the eye sockets
Excessive eating; in diabetes, the inability to use glucose properly can cause a sense or hunger.
the lateral bone of the forearm.
Standards of right or honorable behavior
the circulation of oxygenated blood w/n an organ or tissue in adequate amounts to meet the cell's current needs
diabetic ketoacidosis S/S
extreme sluggishness, muscle wasting, fruit/acetone breath, pain in the abdomen/chest/shoulders/neck, extreme weight loss, agitation/aggression, hyperventilation, extreme thirst, constant urination


Watch for patient's chest rise and fall
Feel for air through the mouth and nose 
Listen to breathing sounds - should be equal on both sides of the chest
Speaking patient has spontaneous respiration
Determine breathing:

(Below Normal)
Signs & Symptoms

Insulin Shock Occurs when:
Taken too much insulin
Taken a regular dose of insulin, but has not eaten enough, or vomits
Had an unusual amount of activity, or vigorous exercise - using up all available glucose

Arterial Bleeding
Bright red, rapid, profuse, difficult to control
An antidote or counterdose is a substance which can counteract a form of poisoning.
Permission from the patient for care or other action by the EMT.
Thev"bag of waters" that surounds the developing fetus.
Lists of steps, developed by the Medical Director of an EMS system, that are to be taken in different situations.
skin turgor
Skin test used to determine dehydration; skin on back of hand is lifted and if doesn't quickly return to normal patient is dehydrated
the main functional unit of the nervous system
the knobby surface landmark of the ankle. There is a medial malleolus and a lateral malleolus.
2 sub-divisions of MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY
Cytology (cells)
Histology (tissues)
HIV infection
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The virus can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
a thin, leaf-shaped valve that allows air to pass into the trachea but prevents food or liquid from entering
Standing Orders
The part of the Protocols and designate what the EMTs is required to do for a specific complaint or condition.
Pulse Rate

30 secs. X 2
Irregular or slow pulse - count for the full minute
Normal pulse rates:
Adults:  60 - 100
Children:  70 - 150
Infants 100 - 160

Tachycardia - Rate greater than 100 beats/min
Bradycardia: Rate less than 60 beats/min
Routes of Administration
Intraosseous (IO)

Into the Bone
Reaches the bloodstream through the marrow
Requires drilling into the outer layer of the bone
Used in unconscious cardiac arrest patients  or extreme shock
Most commonly used w/ children who have fewer available IV sites
Leaving a patient after care has been initiated and before the patient has been transfered to someone with equal or greater medical training
grating of bone on bone (can cause infection)
the act of listening for sounds made by internal organs such as the lungs and heart.  Also the technique used to listen for pulse sounds when obtaining a blood pressure
The transfer of heat from one material to another through direct contact.
Medical Director
A physician who assumes the ultimate responsibility for the patient-care aspects of the EMS system
frontal plane
the plane parallel to the anterior surface of the body
expressed consent
permission that must be obtained from every conscious, mentally competent adult before emergency treatment may be provided.
The appropriate respiratory protection to be worn when tuberculosis is suspected in a patient is a(n):

surgical mask.

N95 or HEPA respirator.

self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).

none of the above.
N95 or HEPA respirator.
joint capsule
the fibrous sac that encloses a joint
portable stretched
a stretcher w/ a strong rectangular tubular metal frame & rigid fabric stretched across it
incident commander, triage, MED COM, treatment area
fire chief, firefighters/engineer, first medic, second medic
Flow Restricted Oxygen Powered Ventilation Device

High incidence of gastric Distention
Possible damage to structures within the chest cavity
Not be used on:
Infants or children
Suspected Cervical spine or chest injuries

Cricoid press must be maintained
Routes of Administration
Sublingual (SL)

Under the tongue
Enter through the oral mucosa under the tongue and are absorbed into the bloodstream within minutes
Protects medications from chemicals in the digestive system (such as acids that weaken them)
Rapid Trauma Assesment
Fast assesment of the head, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, extremities, and postierior of the body to detect signs and symptoms of any life threatening imjuries.
What is the most posterior portion of the cranium called?
The occiput.
Flail chest
Fracture of two or more adjacent ribs in two or more places that allows for free movement of the fractured segment.
gastric distention
expansion of the stomach caused by too forceful ventilation pressures, which cause excess air to enter the stomach instead of the lungs
Electrical Burns
Results of contact with high or low voltage electricity.
the study of the structure of the body and the relationship of its parts to each other
Air is moved in and out of the lungs
large intestine
the portion of the digestive tube that encircles the abdomen around the small bowel, consisting of the cecum, the colon, & the rectum. It helps regulate water & eliminate solid waste
Duty to Act

You cannot deny care to a patient whom you suspect as having a communicable disease, even if you believe that the patient poses a risk to your safety
Considered abandonment
May be considered breach of duty

Medications Carried on EMS Units
Epinephrin Administration by Injection

Treatment of anaphylaxis
SC & IM injections:
SC - helpful to pinch the skin lightly to lift it away from the muscle 
SC syringe - short, thin needle, typically 1/2" - 5/8"
IM syringe - longer 1" - 1 1/2" so it can reach muscle
What is the midclavicular line?
An imaginary line drawn vertically through the middle portion of the clavicle and parallel to the midline.
Iliac Crest
Wide bony ring that can be felt near the waist 
carotid artery
one of two major arteries of the neck, which supply the brain and head with blood.
Occurs when direct orders are given to a prehospital care provider
On-Line Medical Direction
an injury, as from a blow with a blunt instrument, in which the subsurface tissue is injured but the skin is not broken; bruise.


Assessment of the Diabetic Patient
Focused History & Physical Exam


If the patient has eaten, but not taken insulin - more likely they have kenoacidosis developing
Potential Diabetic Coma
If the patient has taken insulin, but has not eaten - more likely - insulin shock
Base Station
Two way radio at a fixed site such as a hospital or dispatcher center 
5 Possible Causes of Airway Obstruction

Relaxation of the tongue in an unconscious patient
Aspirated vomitus
Foreign Object
Blood clots
bone fragments
damaged tissue

Airway tissue swelling due to infection or allergic reaction
How does activated charcoal work?
It adsorbs or sticks to many commonly ingested poisons.

Opening the Airway of a patient with suspected spinal injury
Step 3

As you call the count to control movement, have your partner turn the patient toward you by pulling on the far shoulder and hip
Control the head and neck so that thay move as a unit with the rest of the torso
Apply the cervical collar
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