Aegean Art Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Cycladic Figures
2500
name for Greece
Hellas
Figure
Cyclades. ca. 2500 BCE
...
Treasury of Atreus
Mycenae
Greece
c. 1300-1250 BCE
what Greeks called themselves
Hellenes
winged horse of mythology
Pegasus
symbol of sea-god
a trident
king of Crete
King Minos
Vaphio Cups
ca. 1500-1450 BCE
Harpist
[Cycladic] (2500 BCE)
• Male figures
• Simple geometric shapes
• Large flat planes
• Head tilted back
• Not playing the harp so as holding it
high hill-site of sacred temples
acropolis
western sea of Greece
Adriatic Sea
Harvestor Vase
Hagia, Triada. ca. 1500-1450 BCE
Plan of the Palace Complex
Knossos, Crete
Megaron
The rectangular main audience chamber of a Minoan palace that has a two-column porch and four columns around a central air well.
Snake Goddess
[Minoan] (1600 BCE)
• Goddess? Fertility image? Assistant to the goddess?
• Minoan thin waists, exposed breasts
• Flounced skirt in layers; apron layered over top
• Wide -eyed expression
• Cat image on headdress
• Holds a snake in each hand
Fresco
style of painting by adding water-soluble pigments to plaster
foods of the gods
ambrosia and nectar
creatures who ruled earth before Olympians
Titans
cyclopean
formed with or containing large, undressed stones fitted closely together without the use of mortar:
Grandstand Fresco
Knossos, Crete. ca. 1500 BCE
"Frying pan"
Chalandriani, Syros. Early Cycladic II. ca. 2500-220 BCE
Aerial view od Tiryns, Greece
ca. 1400-1200 BCE
Cycladic Art
- Portable, stylized statuettes of nude standing women and seated men playing musical instruments; Found mostly in grave sites on the Seafaring Greek islands; Linear abstraction; Crisp, clean lines(3000-1600 B.C.E)
relieving arch
an arch which redistributes weight above a lintel
Toreador Fresco
[Minoan] (1400 BCE)
• Possibly a ritual showing two women and a man jumping over a bull
• Women on left grabs horns, the man is jumping over the bull, the woman on the right has just landed
• As in Egyptian Art, males have darker skin than females
• Figures have extremely thin waists; here they stand in profile but otherwise reflect an Egyptian figure style
• Figures have a floating quality with no ground line
• Sweeping curved lines; S-shaped curves of bull's underside and tail
• Painting not in situ
daughter of Demeter0 ate the six pomegranate seeds
Persephone
daedalus
an Athenian architect who built the labyrinth for Minos and made wings for himself and his son Icarus to escape from Crete.
mycenaean
denoting or pertaining to the ancient civilization at Mycenae, dating from c2000 to c1100 b.c.
Aerial View of Mycenae, Greece
ca. 1600-1200 BCE
The Lion Gate
Mycenae, Greece. ca. 1250 BCE
Cycladic Harpist
c. 2500 B.C.E; Stylized; Male figure holding harps; simple geometric shape
votive figures
a figurine placed in shrine that expresses or symbolizes a wish, desire, or vow
Spring Fresco
[Minoan] (1650 BCE)
• One of the earliest pure landscapes in existence
• Joyful patterns of undulating lines and fanciful plant forms dominate composition
• Cheerful application of color in biomorphic bands
• Geometrically simplified swallows fly though the air
tholos
a beehive shaped tomb covered by an enormous earth mound
What is corbelling?
A construction technique where layers of masonry are laid on top of each other, with each layer slightly projecting beyond each of the preceding layers
father of Zeus- fought with him to control Earth
Cronus
cycladic
of or pertaining to the Bronze Age culture of the Cyclades, c3000–c1100 b.c.
"Mask of Agamemnon"
Mycenae. ca. 1600-1500 BCE from shaft grave
running spirals
a decorative motif based on the shape formed by a line making a continuous spiral
Corbel arch
vault formed by layers of stone that gradually grow closer together as they rise until they meet
Name the material that the cycladic sculptor used.(pg.108)
White Parian marble
corbelling
to set (bricks, stones, etc.) so as to form a corbel or corbels (usually fol. by out).
Interior of "Treasury of Atreus"
Mycenae, Greece. ca. 1300-1250 BCE
corbel vault
A vault formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until the two walls meet in an arch.
Name 5 characteristics of the Minoan Palaces.
•Post and Lintel construction
•Multiple stories high
•Stone and wooden stairways were used inside and out
•Built around courtyards
•Use if terraces
•Use of flat roofs
•Use of light wells(skylights)
•Use of Minoan column=inverted tree trunks, thicker at the top and narrower at the bottom, made of cypress wood, and decorated in red and black
•Decorated inside and out mainly with buon frescoes
•3 doorways found in megaron rooms=largest, important rooms.
•Advanced plumbing and draining systems
first monumental architecture on Greek mainland
the lion's gate at Mycenae
Name 2 painting techniques of the Minoans.
-buon fresco/secco:true fresco first used by Minoans, artist applies pigment to a wet plaster surface later used by Italian Renaissance painters
−faux-finish: involves fipping sea sponges into paint then pressing them against a damp wall to create a repetitive design
What are the bracket dates for Minoan Art?
3000 - 1400 BC
Identify the following work of art: Bull-Leaping Fresco
(Medium, Culture/Style, Bracket Dates)
Fresco, Minoan, 3000 - 1400 BC
(stylized Minoan figures, highly animated)
What happened around 1650 B.C. to the island of Thera?
A volcanic explosion sank part of the island into the sea while the rest was covered in pumice.
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