Aegean Art Vocabulary Flashcards

Art
Terms Definitions
Snake Goddess
1650
Peninsula of Mycenae
Peloponnesus
chevron
an inverted V-shaped charge
...
Warrior Vase
Mycenaean
c. 1300-1100 BCE
Mask of Agamemnon
1600 1500
god of the wind
Aeolus
where Troy was located
Anatolia
Figure
Cyclades. ca. 2500 BCE
Fresco
technique that involves applying water-based paint onto a freshly plastered wall
original god of the heavens
Uranus
German archaeologist who discovered remains of Troy and Mycenae
Schliemann
1/2 man 1/2 goat deities
Satyr
Flotilla Fresco
Akrotiri, Thera. ca. 1600-1500 BCE
cyclopean construction
stone construction using large, irregular blocks without mortar; also, any large-scale monumental building project that impresses by sheer size (based on Greek myths of giants of legendary strength
Corbelled Gallery
[Mycenaean Art] (1400-1200 BCE)
• Cyclopean masonry, projects power
• Corbel vault
• Walls have a massive appearance but hallway is a claustrophobic
Rhyton
container from which fluids are intended to be drunk
site of palace for gods
Mt. Olympus
minotaur
a monster, the offspring of Pasiphaë and the Cretan bull, that had the head of a bull on the body of a man: housed in the Cretan Labyrinth, it was fed on human flesh until Theseus, helped by Ariadne, killed it.
"Frying pan"
Chalandriani, Syros. Early Cycladic II. ca. 2500-220 BCE
Spring Fresco
Akrotiri, Thera. ca. 1600-1500 BCE
Harvestor Vase
Hagia, Triada. ca. 1500-1450 BCE
Inlaid dagger blade
Mycenae, Greece. ca. 1600-1550 BCE
Octopus Vase
Palaikastro, Crete. ca. 1500 BCE stirrup jar
Aerial View of Mycenae, Greece
ca. 1600-1200 BCE
Funerary Mask
Mycenaean; Gold Repoussé; 1600 B.C.E; Found in Royal grave; Mask on face of deceased(Egyptian burial practices); Curlicue ears; Slit eyes; Detailed hair
terra-cotta
baked clay; commonly used to fabricate such items as roof tiles, figurines and household vessels.
Palace at Knossos
[Minoan] (1700-1400 BCE)
• Central courtyard with flanking rooms
• Open-air chambers flood the interior with light
• Labyrinthine ground plan
• Columns painted mostly red or white and made of wood; unusual that columns taper smaller at the bottom than at the top
• Capitals painted black and sit like a cushion on the top of the column
• In addition to being a palace, also a center for business, religion, trade, manufacturing, and politics
Heinrich Schliemann
1822, believed Homer's works were fact
most important center for worship of Apollo in Greece
Delphi
created "panic" by sneaking up on people; god of shepherds
Pan
aegean
pertaining to the Aegean Sea or Islands.
Harpist
Amorgos, Cyclade. latter part of 3rd millennium BCE
gold leaf
a very thin form of gold foil
Cycladic Female Figure
[Cycladic] (2500 BCE)
• Nude women, arms folded about waists
• Very thin figures with prominent heads
• Feet too small to support the sculpture, meant to be placed on their straight backs, lying down, next to the deceased
corbelling
technique in which stones are laid so that each course of masonry projects slightly beyond the course below it
Name the Greek island where the Minoan civilization flourished?
Crete
famous wall painting from Crete showing ritual of bulls
"Bull-leaping" "Torreador Fresco"
the "mad" god of wine and blood rituals
Dionysus
theseus
an Attic hero, the husband of Phaedra, father of Hippolytus, and slayer of the Minotaur and the robber Procrustes.
The Toreador Fresco
Knossos. Ca. 1550-1450 BCE from palace complex
buon fresco
true or wet fresco; pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster
Rhyton in the Shape of a Bull's Head
1500 1400
Who is Heinrich Schliemann?
Archeologist who discovered Troy and Mycenaean Culture based on information in Homer's Iliad in the Late 19th Century.
lost-wax casting
a method of casting metal by a process in which a wax mold covered with clay and fired, leaves a hollow form for metal molds to be made
Name 3 characteristics of Mycenean architecture.(pg.110)
•Post and lintel contruction
•Use of Cyclopean walls
•Use of relief triangle
•Use of corbelling
•The palaces and the houses were decorated with beautiful frescoes
•Had Megarons- main halls of a Mycenean palaces
What is the most famous feature of the Citadel of Mycenae?
The Lion Gate
What are the Key Concepts for the Mycenaean Culture?
1. On Greek mainland
2. Militaristic
3. Built massive defensive structures
Name the most famous fresco of the Minoans in the Palace of King Minos at Knossos?
From the Torreador frescoes :"Bull Leaping"
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