Slides to review for the lab final Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Schistosomiasis
Blood infection
Causes kala Azar
Leishmania
causes toxoplasmosis
Toxoplasma gondii
Causes disease trichinosis
Trichinella Spiralis
Amoeba
Irregular margin, presence of pseudopodia (false feet), which extend out from the surface of the cell. Other intracellular structures may be visible, such as nuclei and vacuoles. Domain Eukarya, Kingdom Protista, Phylum Rhizopoda
Vegetative from of a protozoa?
Trophozoite
Transmitted by Anopheles Mosquito
Plasmodium Spp
Example of Class Ciliophora
Balantidium Coli
Ciliophora
ciliate, shorter but wider than paramecium. cilia visible on one end of cell or all around surface. Domain Eukarya, Kingdom Protista, Phylum Ciliophora.
Spread by the bite of Phlebotomus
Leishmania
Method of Locomotion of Class Mastigophora
Flagella
causes acute African sleeping sickness
Trypanosoma Rhodiense
What is the phylum for Ectoparasitology
Anthropoda
Causal agent for Lyme Disease
Spirochete Borrelia
Human tapeworm, immediately infective, smallest of the tapeworms so require many organisms to constitute an infection
Hymenolepsis nana
Examples are Tapeworms and Flukes
Phylum Platyhelminthes
How are Protozoa classified?
method of LOCOMOTION
Method of locomotion of Class Sarcodina
Pseudopods
Method of Locomotion for Class Ciliophora
cilia
Rhodospirillum rubrum
1-several curves, red cells. Domain Bacteria, Kingdom Prokaryotae
Peziza
cup fungus, spore sacs verticall on upper side of mold. sac elongated w/spores put in single row inside. ascospores in each ascus are formed from cell by meiosis, 4, then mitosis, 8 cells total. Domain Eukarya, Kingdom Fungi, Division Ascomycota
Larvae invade the skin, are transported to the lungs, coughed up and then swallowed. They mature in the small intestine and cause their damage by blood ingestion. Induces Chronic Anemia
Necator Americanus
Facultative parasite
can TEMPORARILY live on their own
The common name for eggs of lice
Nits
How is Balantidium coli transmitted?
As a cyst
Removal involved tying the protruding part to a stick and slowly turning the stick daily until the entire worm is removed
Dracunculus Medinensis
Known as South American Sleeping Sickness
Trypanosoma Cruzi
3 Large classes of Lice
Head, body, pubic
Causes hemoptysis, often found in ectopic locations such as the brain, heart, or spinal cord- infections can be fatal
Paragonimus Westermani
Zebras and Antelopes are reservoirs for the disease, which is spread by the tsetse fly
Trypanosoma Rhodiense
In temperate regions causes swimmer's itch, in tropical regions causes blood infection. Reproduce sexually, adult worms can live 20-30 years
Schistosoma Spp
Corynebacterium diphtheriae
blue cells, straight rods or slightly curved rods, metachromatic granules in cytoplasm. Domain Bacteria, Kingdom Prokaryotae
Staphylococcus aureus
gram +, spherical & occur singly, in pairs, & irregular clusters (staphylococci). Domain Bacteria, Kingdom Prokaryotae
Aspergillus
spherical mass of conidia on the end of a stem-like conidiophore. conidium made up of conidiospores arranged in chains. conidia distributed all around end of bulbous terminus of conidiophore. Domain Eukarya, Kingdom Fungi, Division Ascomycota
These lice belong to the genus phthirus
Pubic lice
First part of a Tapeworm
Scolex- used for attachment
diseases caused by Ticks
Lyme disease, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, rocky mountain spotted fever
Examples of Class Sporoza
toxoplasma gondii, plasmodium spp, cryptosporodium spp
can cause abortions in pregnant women and dementia in AIDS patients
Toxoplasma Gondii
How is Entamoeba Histolytica spread?
Fecal contamination of water
This class only exists as obligate parasites
Class Sporoza
More what infect humans than any other class of protozoans?
Flagellates
Sarcina flava
gram +, cocci, packets of 8 cells which clump together, cubelike arrangement. Domain Bacteria, Kingdom Prokaryotae
Bacillus megaterium (endospore stain)
green endospores inside red cells. Domain Bacteria, Kingdom Prokaryotae
takes up residence in the liver and gallbladder, infects 30 million ppl in the far east, lives 10-20 years
Clonorchis Sinensis
Most common worm infection in the US- in some groups, nearly 50% of children are affected
Enterobius Vermicularis
common name and transmission of wucheria bancrofti
Elephantiasis or filariasis, transmission via mosquitos
Spirillum volutans (flagella stain)
largest of spirilla, flagella at both ends, spirillium. Domain Bacteria, Kingdom Prokaryotae
Which Form of Entamoeba Histolytica causes disease?
Active vegetative form, AKA Trophozoite
In the US, it is transmitted via cat feces of cats allowed outside
Toxoplasma Gondii
What does Entamoeba Histolytica cause in humans?
Amoebic dysentery AKA Traveler's Trots, new Delhi Belly, Montezuma's Revenge
Symptoms of Entamoeba Histolytica Infection
watery, bloody diarrhea with chills, cramps and bloating
Common name and transmission of Hymenolepsis Nana
Dwarf tapeworm, person to person transmission
common name and transmission of Enterobius Vermicularis
Pinworm, While a person sleeps, the female pinworm leave the intestines through the anus and deposit eggs on the surrounding skin.
common name and transmission for Loa Loa
Eye worm, Deer or horse flies
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