English - Poetry Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Trochaic
stressed-unstressed
trochee
hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
narrative poem
G- gustatory...taste
O-olefactory...smell
A-auditory...hear
T-tactile...touch
V- visual...see
O-organic...internal
K-kinetic...hearing
imagery (goatvok)
Octave
eight line stanza
Anapest
two stressed, one stressed
inversion
reversal of usual order
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds
Elegy
A poem mourning the dead.
diction
an author's choice of words
allusion
passing reference or indirect mention
imagery
sensory details denoting specific physical experiences - words or phrases that appeal to one or more of the reader's physical senses
personification
a comparison that gives human qualities to an object, animal, or idea
rhyme
idential or simular recurring final sounds in words at the end of lines in a poem
pattern of lines that rhyme
rhyme (scheme)
meter
arrangement of measured rhythm in poetry
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words
conquest
something that has been captivated, overcome or won
Paradox
- a statement, proposition, or situation that seems to be absurd or contradictory, but in fact is or may be true
Simile
A comparison using 'like' or 'as'.
Her lips were like rose buds.
Repetition
usually a sound, word, phrase, or line.
Approximate
close to the actual, but not completely accurate or exact, not a perfect rhyme
metaphor
a direct comparison of two concrete objects in which one object takes on the characteristics of the other.
Rhyme near-
rhymes involving sounds that are similar but not exactly the same
rhythm
reaccuring stress and unstress in a poem
doggerel
a comic verse of irregular measure, trivial, poorly constructed verse
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
onomatopoeia
the use of words to imitate sounds
he continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause
enjambment
Shakespearean Sonnet
consists of three quatrains and a final rhyming couplet. The rhyme scheme is abab, cdcd, efef, gg. Usually the question or theme is set forth in the quatrains while the answer or resolution appears in the final couplet
What is alliteration?
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words
pun
play on words that are identical or similar but have different meanings
Figurative Language
non literary to create a special effect or feeling, created through similes, metaphors, personification etc.
figure of speech
an expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying a literal meaning
message of im nobody?
fame is boring ad repeatitive
Internal Rhyme
A rhyme within a line of verse
oxymoron
A compact verbal paradox in which two successive words seemingly contradict one another. Example: living dead
cacophony
the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds.
Ballad
a poem in verse form that tells a story
synesthesia
The manner of speaking of one sense in terms of another
(EX: loud tie, sour countenance)
Archetype
A patten or model of a character, a plot, setting or abject appears in the literature across cultures
Literary Devices: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?"
Metaphor- the entire poem
Personification- "eye of heaven" (the sun)
Imagery- "rough winds do shake the darling buds of may", "often is his gold complexion"
Consonance/Alliteration- "fair from fair", "chance or nature's changing course"
Symbolism- sun is the eye of heaven, summer symbolizes youth
theme
The subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic
end-stopped lines
when the flow of the poem is stopped at the end of each line by punctuation or phrasing
lyric
a poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses teh thoughts and feelings of the poet. this poem may resemble a song in form or style.
Onomatopeia
is the use of a word that, through its sound as well as its sense, represents what it defines.9. Our neighbor tap-tapped at the door.10. The bees buzzed around the flower.11. The snake slithered and hissed across the sand.
lyric poetry
a poem that does not tell a story but expresses the personal feelings or thoughts of a speaker
Regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem.
What is a poems rhyme scheme?
posies
flowers
slant-rhyme
approximate rhyme
sordid
vile; dirty
Consonance
repeating consonant sounds
Dialogue
Conversation between characters
pejorative
having a negative effect
Epistle
written in letter form
scansion
process of measuring verse-marking accented or unacented syllables, dividing lines into feet, identifying metrical pattern, and nothing significant variations from that pattern
Free verse
poetry with no set structure
narrative
a poem that tells a story
tone
expresses the author's attitude toward the subject matter
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
Enjambment
describes a poetic sentence that does not reach its conclusion at the end of the line. It comes from French and literally means a "walking over" of the words from one line to the next.
Closed form
form or structure in poetry characterized by regularity and consistency
Lyric Poem
POem relates an emotional experience, often using I
Pentameter
5 feet of stressed, un stressed syllables.
juxtapose
placing two unlike or opposite things together to heighten contrast
Assonanse
The repitition of vowel sounds within a line of poetry
Anne Bradstreet
1600's. England. Used many metaphors. The Four Ages of Man.
Metrical Variation
Departures from the basic metrical pattern
haiku
a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
speaker
person speaking in the poem (not the poet)
supplant
v. to set aside; take the place of
The Raven
poem; pace: slow in beginning but speeds up towards the end; metaphor: compares raven to demon; repetition: "nevermore"; internal rhyming; tone/mood: lack of hope, dark; about a heart-broken man alone thinking about his love, and a raven comes and interrupts him; the man is upset w/ the bird and in the end (while it is interpreted differently by some) he commits suicide or he goes crazy
sonnet
a lyric poem that is 14 lines long
end-stop
a poem's lines are broken at regular pauses in speech--- usually marked with commas, periods, dashes, and so forth
overstatement/ hyperbole
a exaggeration but exaggeration in the service of truth
ORAL INTERPRETATION
A spoken presentation of a written work
Brandished
to wave or shake in a menacing manner
n., the part of the saddle that curves up front
pommel
dramatic irony
reader knows the irony but reader does not
Rising Action
a series of events that show conflict building
created by two or more words in the same verse
internal rhyme
Iambic pentameter
a line of poetry with 5 iambs in it
type of poem: dramatic
presents characters who speak to other characters or to the audience (dialouge)
The repeated use of the same sounds or combination of sounds in the beginning of a series of words
Figures of Speech:
azure
purplish-blue
ample
significant amount
Although they are
Sappho
The Flea
John Donne
Quatrain
A four line stanza
Symbol
Something that represents something else (Lamb=sacrifice, dawn=a new beginning)
connotation
the ideas/emotions connected w/ a word/phrase
rhetorical
language not appropriate to the situation
transitory
not lasting, enduring, permanent, or eternal.
repeating a word or phrase to emphasize or imply something
repetition
Rhyme scheme
Ryhming sounds which = a pattern
Dramatic Monologue
a poem speech revealing speakers psychology
a capulet servant who invites guests to capulets feast and escorts the nurse to meet with romeo
peter
Paradoxical Situation
A situation containing apparently but not actually incompatible elements.
 
Ex. Celebration of a 5th birthday party for a 25 year old man is paradoxical but explainable if he were born on Feb. 29th
ottava rima
an 8-line stanza in iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme ababac
couplet
composed of two lines of verse that rhyme and are of the same meter
Dimeter
two metrical feet per line of the poem
poetic devicesassonance
the repetition of similar vowel sounds in the stressed syllables of successive wordsie. Moses supposes his toeses are roses
Anaphora
The repetition of a word or word group at the beginning of successive sentences, clauses, paragraphs, or poetic lines
a poem meant to be sung, usually with refrain
Ballad
synecdoche
firgure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole, "lend me a hand"
Dramatic poetry
characterized, in real life or in art, by the kind of intense and gripping excitement, startling suddenness, or larger-than-life impressiveness associated with drama and the theater
Subject
the event or topic the poem chooses to engage
purpose
the goal of the poem the reason a poet writes it
end rhyme
when rhyming words come at the end of lines
What is end-stopped?
A full stop.Ex. period, comma at end of line.
When I Heard the Learn'd Astronomer
"How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, Till rising and gliding out I wandered off by myself"
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