some poetry terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
quoth
said
scanning
counting
tetrameter
four feet
Wahbegan
Jim Northrup
stanzas
poetic paragraphs
hyperbole
willfull exaggeration
anapestic foot
uu/
approximate rhyme
leave
live
suenan igual
monometer
1 foot line
octave
8 line stanza
deferred
postponed or delayed
free verse
no rhyme
Sestet
6 line stanza
septet
stanze with 7 lines
dactylic foot
/ u u
Couplet
two consecutive rhyming lines.
trimeter
three feet per line
allusion
reference to something well-known
iambic
an end-stressed two-syllable meter
Personification
Giving human characteristics to non-humanthings.
Oxymoron
contradictory terms brought together to express a paradox for strong effect
dactyl
a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables
alliteration
repetition of initial consonants sounds
Connotation
the associations and emotional overtones that have become attached to a word or phrase.
Poet
The Author of a poem
heroic couplet
rhymed iambic pentameter lines
Rhythm
Rise and fall of voices.
Trochee
two-syllable unit of rhythm, consisting of one accented followed by one unaccented syllable; opposite of iamb(happy, carpet, justice)
haiku
Japanese poem that concentrates on nature; consists of 3 unrhymed lines; 5-7-5
Imagery
Descriptive language used to recreate sensory experiences
Simile
A comparison using "like" or "as"
concrete diction
words that emphasize things immediately perceivable by the senses
consonance
the repetition of two consonants within or at the end of words
Image
a language that address the senses
Ode
poem dedicated to someone or something- usually begins with an "o" or "oh"
METONYMY
Using a vaguely suggestive, physical object to embody a more general idea.
infernece
drawing conclusion based on the information you are given
allusions
reference to a well-known person, place, thing or event that the writer assumes the reader will be familar with
cacophony
a harsh, unpleasant sounding choice and arrangement of sounds
foot
the smallest repeated pattern of stessed and unstressed syllables in a poetic line
poetry
imaginative writing in which language, images, sound, and rhythm combine to create a special emotional effect
Onomatopoeia
the use of words that imitate sounds
Refrain
A line or lines repeated throughout the poem.
epigram
a short. pithy comic or satirical poem
tone
the attitude a writer takes torward the subject and audience
Rhyme
similar or identical sounds near each other (usually in two or more lines of poetry)
assonance
a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds are in a line or lines of poetry
Anglo-Saxon poetry
old English rhythmic poetry, 4 accented syllables, indefinite unaccented syllables
repetition
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
ballad
a songlike poem that tells a story
Apostrophe
Speaking directly to an absent person, lifeless object a if it could reply
symbol
a visible object or action that suggests additional meaning beyond itself
Vulgate
the lowest level of diction, vulgate is the language of the common people
perfect rhyme
(aka. exact rhymes) involving sounds that are exactly the same (ex. groaned/moaned)
dialogue poetry
two personae speak alternately; debat (mock-debate) in which two characters argue their merits
epic
An extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language
lyric poetry
highly musical verse that expresses the emotions, attitudes, an observations of a single speaker. Usually short and musical lyric poems are called lyrics because in ancient times they were sung to the accompaniment of lyre, a stringed instrument
enjambment
the continuation of a syntactic unit from one line of verse into the next line without a pause
slant
near rhyme, usually the substitute of assonance or consonance for true rhyme. also oblique rhyme, off rhyme, and pararhyme
Diction
Authors choice of words and the arrangements of those words in phrases, sentences, or lines of a poem
sonnet
a poem, properly expressive of a single, complete thought, idea, or sentiment, of 14 lines, usually in iambic pentameter, with rhymes arranged according to one of certain definite schemes, being in the strict or Italian form divided into a major group of
Sarcasm
a form of verbal irony where the opposite of what is said is meant; often used in satire
metaphor
a figure of speech in which something is described as though it is something else
Melic Poetry
poetry written to be accompanied by the lyre or flute
end rhyme
between words at end of 2+ lines
Rhythem
refers to the whole movement of the words in the poem
Persona
literary a mask. the term is widely used to refer to a "second self" created by an author and through whom the narrative is told
Elegy
A solemn and formal lyric poem about death. It may mourn a particular person or reflect on a serious or tragic theme, such as the passing of youth, beauty, or a way of life.
a poem where its shape suggests its meaning
concrete
Internal Rhyme
the word ending sounds exactly the same
USE RHYME TO:
create a sense of playfulness, silliness
Blank verse
5-beat (10- or 11-syllable) lines with iambic rhythm, no rhyme
slant rhyme
words that lok like they shoulld rhyme, but dont
suppliant
a person who implores or begs; a petitioner
figurative language
language that has meaning beyond the literal (surface) meaning
irony
words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning
Theme
the main idea of the story or poem
accent
prominence of a syllable in terms of differential loudness, or of pitch, or length, or of a combination of these.
Tritina
A 10 line poem that follows the end letter as follows : A,B,C C,A,B B,C,A
rhyme scheme
the pattern or sequence in which the rhyme occurs
Iamb
a metrical foot in poety that has am unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.
verse
refers to a mode of writing in lines of a certain length; couplet- paired rhyming lines, tercet- three line stanza, quatrain- four line stanza, quintet- five, sestet- six, septet, seven
pun
type of word play on similar sense of sound of two words and different meanings of same word
Feminine rhyme
a rhyme either of two syllables of which the second is unstressed (double rhyme), as in motion, notion, or of three syllables of which the second and third are unstressed (triple rhyme), as in fortunate, importunate
limerick
a humorous verse form of 5 lines with a rhyme sheme aabba
speaker
the voice that talks to the reader in poetry
Didaetic poetry
poetry whose purpose is to make a point or teach a lesson, particularly common in the eighteenth century
dead metaphor
a metaphor that has occurred so often that it has become a new meaning of the expression (e.g., 'he is a snake' may once have been a metaphor but after years of use it has died and become a new sense of the word 'snake')
figure of speech
a word or phrase that identifies or describes something in a way that is not literally true, but may be meaningful in a deeper sense
Open Form
A type of structure or form in poetry characterized by freedom from regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, metrical pattern, and overall poetic structure
stanza
a grouping o flines set of by space on teh page that usu. has a set pattern
end rime
rimes that occurs at the end of the line
off-rhyme (half rhyme/near rhyme, slant rhyme)
changing the vowel sound or the concluding consonants
"The silent man in mocha brown
Sprawls at the window-sill and gapes;
The waiter brings in oranges
Banan figs and hothouse grapes"
Sweeney Among the Nightingales by Eliot
FS?: Martha is the apple of my eye.
metaphor

"Martha" is being called an "apple."
Gioia
"Money"
Dante
Beatrice
Meter
Rhythmical pattern
tactile imagery
touch
olfactory
smell imagery
heptameter
7 feet
cinquain
a five-line stanza
Catholic
universal; wide ranging
temporal
organized by time
Narrative
tells a story
Brambles
any rough, prickly shrub
Dimeter
2 feet per line
caprice
whym or irational idea
Understatement-
the opposite of hyperbole.-
Gullibility
n.: unwariness, trustfulness, being easily fooled
Juxtaposition
Deliberately placing dissimilar things side by side for comparison
conceit
analogy between two dissimilar things
didactic poetry
primary purpose to teach
denotation
the literal (exact/dictionary) meaning of a word. Includes none of the feelings or suggestions that are part of a word's connotations.
Pentameter
5 metrical feet per line
analogy
resemblance in same details between things other wise unlike
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story
style
manner used to express in language
Anaphora
the repetition of words, phrases, sentence structures, etc. for emphasis.
where did wordsworth go to college?
cambridge
scansion
analysis of mechanical elements within a poem to determine meter
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
when you are old
de ronsard / french
Motif
a recurring image, word, action, idea, or situation, tying into a theme
metophor
a non litteral comparision of two unlike things without using the words like or as
internal rhymes
rhymes that occur within a line
implied metaphor
a subtle comparison that doesn't explain what is meant
connotation example
the connotation of butterfly is pretty, light, floaty
Mood
How a poem makes the reader feel
onomatopeia
the use of words that imitates sounds
lyric
short verse which is intended to express the emotions of the author; quite often the lyrics are set to music
lyric poem
expresses through a short poem the emotions & thoughts of the poet
situational irony
a situation that occurs which opposes expectations of both the characters and the audience
Serendipity
(n) Luck that takes the form of surprise
To a Waterfowl
William Cullen Bryant - about birds
Overstatement
also known as a hyperbole; not literal truth but a figure of speech
aliteration
a series of words using the same beginning letters
choreopoem
combines dance and poetry so that each complements the other in a highly dramatic way.
Motivation
The reason a character acts and thinks the way they do.
anthology
a book or other collection of selected writings by various authors, usually in the same literary form, of the same period, or on the same subject:
iambic pentameter
5 iambs per line (10 syllables with the unstressed/stressed pattern)
Eye Rhyme
Words that look like they rhyme, but do not
Initial Rhyme
the repetition of the same sound at the beginning of two or more words following each other or near one another in the same line
John Donne, The Sun Rising
Busy old fool, unruly sun,
FIGUARTIVE LANGUAGE
IS WRITING OR SPEECHTHAT IS NOT MENT TO BE TAKEN LITERALLYUSE SIMILIES METAPHORS
triple rime
a rime in which the repeated accented vowel sound is in the third last syllable of the words involved
similie
a comparison in which the word like or as is used to compare two unlike things
italian sonnet
pose a question or make a point in first 8 lines, then in 6 lines, poet responds to question point
3 quatrains (abab cdcd efef) + couplet (gg)
English (Shakespearean) sonnet
terza rima
a verse form with a rhyme scheme: aba bcb cdc, etc.
petrarchan sonnet
a sonnet in two parts: an octet and a sestet; rhyme scheme: ABBAABBA CDECDE *may vary as long as 3 rhymes are used in sestet CCDDEE/CDCDEE
Repitition
The use of a word or a group of words more than once in a poem.
John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 12
Let us descend now, therefore, from this top
Of speculation; for the hour precise
Ode to the West Wind, Percy Bysshe Shelley
Of some fierce Mænad, ev'n from the dim verge
Of the horizon to the zenith's height—
The locks of the approaching storm. Thou dirge
/ 154
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