used for a funeral
Salt sellers, held salt
1100-1400AD; terra cotta/bronze/brass; figure heads-rulers, queens; bead/texture
-Neolithic - crops and tools
-Pre-Colonial - Traditional
-Colonial - Influence
-Predominant forms of art
nonsacred or pertaining to worldly things.
East Niger 800 AD. Used Bronze.
-Mali - 1300 - 1400 AD
-Very long, not realistic
-Short legs, long torsos, little shapes
|Influences on west||
Amedo Mudigliani "Study for a caryatid", Pablo Picasso "Woman with a fan", Henri Matisse "Still life with Negro statuette"
An axelike tool with an arched blade at right angles to the handle.
|Igbo - Ukwu||
-Eastern Niger 800 AD
-Bronze, terra cotta, beads, ivory
-Sophisticated bronze casting techniques
|What is African Art?||
Extremely divers, spread out, isolated from ancient culture, the people moving in to take resources
a fiber made from the leaves of an African palm tree
|Dogon, binu shrine, 20th c., Mali.||
-elaborate structure, representation of 8 ancestors in architecture, ostrich eggs-protection, representation of 8 ancestors (also came from eggs)
Found in central Niger -500 BC - 200 Ad
Very rich North Africa
Terra Cotta sculpture
See wholes in the mouth eyes, nose, represented fire so it didn't crack)
Diversity of subject matter
|Bamana-Mande, ciwara headdress, 19th-early 20th c., Mali||
horns, ears, part of antelope. bottom aardvark. ciwara often performed in pairs
|African Art - Power Figures||
•Built as a testament for spirits around
•Invoke spirits to help them
•Exist all over Africa
•Very personal and not uniform
Made it yourself
Everything has a reason
Made out of Bronze, ivory, wood, cloth
|Yoruba, Ogboni couple (staffs), 19th c., Nigeria||
-Ogboni-bony society. They were a check and balance to the king's power. Sculpture complementary to male and female- articulate their counterbalance. Also their power in comparison to royal power.
|Great Mosque, Djenne (13th century CE)||
Every year there is a ceremonial festival to re plaster the outside of the Mosque.The two towers coming from the mosque represent Fertility and Purity.wooden logs coming out of the sides of the mosque are used as supports and for people to stand on while re-plastering the mosque.
Yoruba, Shango shrine figure, 19th c. Nigeria.
Sculptor: Abogunde of Ede.
-double ax on head-symoblic of Shago- thunder god. necklaces/other things-red/white. Story of Shango (killing his family) symbolic of what can happen when we don't keep cool-back to Yoruba idea of keeping calm in world. depiction of a female devotee with baby on back worshipping Shango. nudity alludes to ritual purity. red and white beads suggest Shango's hot fire and cool rain.
|1st Oni (king)||
Fabrics-Kenle Cloth-Muslim Influence. Grass Dying, Weaving, and Embroidery.
1100-1400 AD. Used Terra-Cotta, Bronze, and Brass.
|African Art - Figures||
•Aspects, personal, expression
•Headness wore by men
•Headness wore by women
•Some can have birds
•Aspects all over the Ancient
Decorative markings made with scars on the human body.
|Fabric and Costume||
Muslim influence, grass, dyeing, weaving, embroidering
-Lend divine power to human
-Personal, very uniform
|Mediates between living and spiritworld, Portrays human beings, Expresses comunity ideals, Defines power and leadership, Protection and healing, Celebrates cycles of life||
Functions of African Art
|Characteristics of Benin||
-Thin castings, depict beaded dollars, careful treatment of hair, natural facial features
|Cross River/Ejagham, Effrigi ritual initiation fan displaying nsibidi signs, Nigeria. Collected before 1950||
-ritual initiation. fan displaying nsibidi-a writing form in terms of text/symbols. symbols that articulate power?-knowledge is a part of power- able to read messages communicated
|What did African Art focused on?||
human form (sculptures, masks, spiritual, practical and many materials were: bronze, stone, clay, beads, shells, ivory, and grass used in Art.)
|Bamana-Mande or Senufo, boli power object, 19th-early 20th c., Mali||
-representative of demonstrating great skill to manage power
|African influenced Western Art||
-Henri Matisse "Still Life w/ Negro Statuette"
-Pablo Picasso "Woman w/ Fan"
-Amedeo Modigliani "Study For A Carytid"
|African Art - Fabric and Costume||
•Fabric - Kente cloth Muslim influence
•Grass, dying, weaving, embroidery
Yoruba,Gelede mask, early 1990s, Republic of Benin.*
Sculptor: Eloi Lokossou.
-part of Gelede masquerade. person on a motorbike on top of woman's gelede mask. maskers are all male-tourist depictions in masks. Masks are often a parody/satire of tourists and themselves. Create a character- dancer/performer is an articulation of their behavior. Judges-audience.
|African Art - Ivory - 1500 AD||
•Congo - Aftor - Portuguese or 'Sapi - Portuguese' (had a corner on that market)
•Ivory (Ivory Coast)
•Details carving (horn - naturalistic and others salt sellers they held salt)
•Change a lot (use for own purposes)
|Bamum, Throne of King Nsa'gnu, late 19th c., Cameroon||
-twins as back of chair-king never alone. boy holding a drinking horn, girl a pot, open? double-headed serpent-power, between two worlds. frogs-fertility, reproduction (transition b/ween two worlds). sides-spiders-divination, wisdom. patterns of cloth on twins-8squares-spiders. materials-beads, glass, cowries. king's feet don't touch ground. this throne made as a gift from one ruler to another.