English Poetry Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
spondaic
stressed/stressed
simile
taint
harmful, containment
run-on line
recondite
difficult to understand
enjambent
run on line
Alliteration
Repitition of consanant sounds.
anapest
syllables: short, short, long
epigram
a brief witty poem
Near/Slant/Approximate Rhyme
these words almost rhyme
sledge
n. heavy sled or sleigh
metaphor
compare no like or as
denotation
a word's literal (dictionary) meaning
LIMERICK
a five-line nonsense poem with anapestic meter
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
connotation
the attitudes and feelings associated with a word
rhyme
identical, or very similar, recurring FINAL sounds in words at the ends of lines of a poem
Iamb
pattern that sounds like short-long/ short-long, is the basic foot in English
flurriedly
adv. in a flustered, agitated way
Cavalier
a royalist during the Civil War
personification
human qualities to non human objects
Blank Verse
 
Unrhymed poetry, usually iambic pentameter in which each line has ten syllables.  Five syllables are stressed- generally the 2nd, 4th, 6th, 8th, and 10th
Poetry works through _____, not just through thoughts.
motions
Diction
(word choice) is the foundation of voice and contributes to all of its elements
Consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds in closely placed words.
Lyric poem
A poem that expresses personal feelings or thoughts
parallelism
the consecutive use of similar phrases or grammatical structures
symbol
person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well.
Hyperbole/Overstatement
a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used in the service to the truth
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
ASSONANCE
Sound device. The repetition of vowel sounds in words that do not end with the same consonant
does not conform to established patterns of meter, rhyme, and stanza.
open form
Meter
rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time
couplet
a pair of lines, usually written in the same form; they usually rhyme and express a complete thought
Efficacy
the power or capacity to produce the desired effect.
dramatic monologue
When a single speaker in literature says something to a silent audience.
elegy
poetic form lamenting the death of a person or decline of a situation
Lyric poetry
a highly musical verse that expresses the emotions of a speaker.
ALLEGORY
A description in a narrative. Has a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning.
Attitude
Who is the SPEAKER?, Who might be the AUDIENCE?, What is both the speaker's oand the poet's ATTITUDE(TONE)?
Image
word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses
repetition
the repeating of a word or phrase to add rhythm or to emphasize an idea
Continuous form
Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genera of poetry
satire
a literary mode that uses humor or wit to expose human error and suggest improvement or correction
Onomatopoeia
A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds
Rhyme scheme
The pattern of an end ryhme in a poem
end rhyme
words that occur at the end of a poetic line
free verse
: Poetry without a regular pattern of meter or rhyme. The verse is "free" in not being bound by earlier poetic conventions requiring poems to adhere to an explicit and identifiable meter and rhyme scheme in a form such as the sonnet or ballad. Modern and contemporary poets of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries often employ free verse. Williams's "This Is Just to Say" is one of many examples.
near, off, or slant rhyme
a rhyme based on imperfect or incomplete correspondence of end syllable sounds
I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay: 10
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.
The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay,
In such a jocund company:
I gazed--and gazed--but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:
For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood, 20
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.
UU-
Anapestic
Constantly Risking Absurdity
Ferlinghetti
Syllogism
Deduction (high windows)
The Second Coming
W.B. Yeats
Quatrain
A four line stanza
Pun
A play on words
dactylic
stressed followed by 2 unstressed
prose
any writing/drama that isn't poetry
Allusion
A reference to another text
imagery
any sensory (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing) impression that a poem produces in the mind of a reader
What does the caged bird symbolize?
Slaves
sonnet
fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter
Spondee
A metricalfoot represented by two stressed syllables, such as KNICK-KNACK.
v., running and jumping about in play
Gambol
Imagery-
Language that appeals to the sences most are visual but can appeal also as to hearing touch taste or smell or all at once
Tone
The attitude of the speaker towards his subject (not always the same as the mood)
sestina
6 six-line stanzas ending with tercet; last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in next stanza
Satiric Poetry
Poetry that blends criticism with humor to convey a message, usually through the use of irony and a tone of detached amusement, withering contempt, and implied superiority.
regularity and consistency in such elements as rhyme, line length, and metrical pattern.
closed form
blank verse
Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in blank verse.
two lines in a stanza. Always work together
couplet
figurative language
language that is not meant literally; used to create imagry
turf
the upper stratum of soil bound by grass and plant roots into a thick mat
mood
a story's atmosphere or the feeling it evokes.
monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentameter, hexameter, heptameter, octameter
one foottwo feetthree feetfour feetfive feetsix feetseven feeteight feet
Fixed Form
denotes a form in poetry for which here are prescribed and established rules
metrical pause
pause that supplies the place of an accented sylable
Internal Conflict
A conflict that takes place within the mind of a character
rebellious nature of Whitman's poetry #3
emphasis on the PRESENT
tercet
the cardinal number that is the sum of one and one and one, three line stanza
Slant Rhyme (half-rhyme)
final sounds of two words are very similar but not exactly alike
Dialogue
a work of literature in the form of a conversation
Robert Lowell, "For the Union Dead"
The racism felt during the Civil War still resonates within the community, 100 years later (just after WWII), like a "fishbone" stuck in the throat of the city. Technological progress, but society seems the same.
gustatory
taste
cinderella
anne sexton
anaphora
repetition of words
"NARRATIVE"
tells a story
Ballad
formal, tells a story
Hazel Tells Lawrence
Kathryn Machan
Speaker
the voice of the poet
heptameter
verse written in 7-foot lines
surrealistic imagery
A dreamlike concentration of image
ditty
n. a short song or poem
personafacation
giving an inanimate object human qualities
oxymoron
a self contradictory phrase (death-in-life)
repetition of a consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of a word
Alliteration
Turning point that causes a downward turn of events and is unexpected
Anticlimax
end-stopped
(verse) having a rhetorical pause at the end of each line
Rhythm
Any wavelike recurrence of motion or sound
narrative poem
A poem that tells a story
Scansion
the process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical pattern of the line.
Ostler
person who takes care of horses; groom
iambic
A type of foot where the stressed syllable is preceded by one unstressed syllable
a lyric poem usually to praise a person, an object or some aspect of nature
Ode
Enjambment
The continuation of a line or idea from one line to the next
inversion
words in unusual position for rhyme or emphasis
antithesis
a figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against eachother
epic poem
a long narrative poem that focuses on a serious subject and chronicles heroic deeds
Verse
a paragraph of writing in a poem Also called stanza
I travelled among unknown men
William Wordsworth

Of all the places he has travelled he longs to return to England to be physically close to Lucy’s grave.
Romanticism
4 stanza 4 line each
Travelled many places but always longs to return to Lucy
Last place she played and was seen—part of nature

 
 
Which of the elements of poetry does This is Just to Say have?
rhythm and form
Synecdoche
a kind of metaphor in which a part of something is used to signify the whole, as when a gossip is called “wagging tongue,” or when ten ships are called “ten sails.”
Stanza
a group of lines in a poem that form a unit
What is the message in "Dream Deferred"?
It is a warning that if Black people don't have their dreams soon it will end in violence
wen
cyst
five feet
pentameter
bough
tree branch
Foot
Pair of syllables
agape
open- mouthed ; surprised
TP-CASTT
title, paraphrase, connotation, attitude, shifts, title, theme
Lyric
Expresses the personal thoughts, feelings, emotions of the reader; may describe something in nature
Paradox
A self-contradictory statement that seems to be true.
poetry
verbal coposition designed to convey experiences, ideas, or emotions in a vivid and imaginative way, characterized by the use of language chosen for its sound and sugestive power and by the use of meter, figurative language, and imagery
Iambic Pentameter
5 feet of Iamb's, unstressed stressed.
Derek Walcott
1900's. St. Lucia. Magic realism. After the Storm.
plot
the plan, design or pattern of events
narrative
a story or account of events, experiences, or the like, whether true or fictitious.
rapture
n. a strong feeling that absorbs the mind
Elizabeth Bishop
"The Fish"; father died, mother became crazy, sent to live w/ a few different relatives; lesbian; won lots of awards, first woman/American to win Book's Abroad/Neustadt Award; often incorporates gay/les pride into poems
slant rhyme
(approximate) when the ends of words share some sounds but not all
Rhym
is the repetition of sounds at the ends of words. (ex
Sestet
Drives home the narrative by making an abstract comment, applies the proposition, or solves the problem (last six lines)
Herbert, Love III
man relationship with God is compared to a guest at a dinner party, guest thinks he is too inferior, but he isn't because Jesus took all the sinful punishment for him, God serves his own meat like at the last supper
Prosody
all of the metrical elements of a poem viewed together (Stressed sounds, unstressed sounds, pauses (caesuras), ends of lines, non-ending lines, types of verse) are all viewed together
foreshadowing
the use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in the plot
Apostrophe
When a talker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an imaginary person or abstract quality or idea
type of meter with 10 syllables in a line
iambic pentameter
Line
a word or group of words that may or may not form a complete sentence
What is Petrarchan/Italian sonnet?
- Consists of octave *8* & sestet *6*; division b/w the 2, no couplet at the end- abba abba cde cde- octave presents a problem; sestet a possible resolution- there is usually a 'turn' b/w octave & sestet- often of 'beloved'
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