English Poetry Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
dactylic
stressed/unstressed/unstressed
personification
Assonance
Vowel Rhyme
rhyme scheme
quiddity
an essential quality
connotation
the 2nd meaning
Iamb
one unstressed, one stressed
Pound
high modernist
-portrait d'un femme
-a pact
Denotation
a words literal dictionary definition
veer
n. a change in direction
hummocked
possibly the ball of ankle
euphony
a series of pleasant sounds
CONCEIT
a far-fetched and ingenious comparison between two unlike things
Alliteration
The repetition of beginning consonant sounds in neighboring words
the speakers' attitude towards the person adressed
tone
imagery
any sensory (sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing) impression that a poem produces in the mind of a reader
anapestic
two unaccented syllables followed by accented one
form
the arrangement, manner, or method used to convey the content, such as free verse, couplet, limerick, haiku..
metaphore
a comparision of two seemingly different things
Hyperbole
A figure of speech involving exaggeration
Dactyl/Dactylic
a metrical foot consisting of one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
gambol
v. running and jumping around in play
metaphor
comparing two things without like or as
Marxist Criticism
These critics typically expose the tendency in capitalist socioeconomic relationships to prioritize power and profit over moral integrity and social justice. Literature, they change is inevitably politicized because it cannot avoid either refuting or endorsing the prevailing realities of class structure.
motivation
a character's incentive or reason for behaving in a certain manner; that which impels a character to act
tone
the authors attitude toward the reader or the people, places, and events in a work
LINE
A row of printed or written words
Foot
Basic unit of measurement of verse; usually contains one accented syllable and 1 or 2 unaccented syllables
repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sentence or a line of poetry or prose
Assonance
Internal Rhyme
occurs when the rhyming words appear in the same line of poetry
stanza
a lineor group of lines separated from other groups of lines by extra white space
dramatic irony
audience can see something that the characters can't
Anaphora
a specific kind of repetition of an identical word or group of words.
climax
the decisive moment in a novel or play
Literary Allusion
reference to a historical or fictional characters,places or events
Repetition of similar consonant sound at the end of words.
What is consonance?
End Rhyme
the last word of each line rhymes
What do all experiences come to us through?
our senses
meter
The measure of stresses in a line of verse
(determines number and placement)
Pun
the humorous use of a word or phrase so as to emphasize or suggest its different meanings or application, a play on words
run on line/enjambment
the continuation of a phrase or sentence from one line to the next without interruption by punctuation
Shakespearean or English sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
free verse
a verse that does not follow a fixed pattern
Verbal paradox/ Paradoxical statement
A figure of speech, where paradox is proven to be nevertheless true
Poet arrages lines of poem to create a visual image.
What is a concrete poem?
maelstrom
whirlpool
jeune
young
tarnished
lost brightness
monometer
one foot
vernacular
native spoken language
Ere
in literary use, before
narrative poetry
tells a story
What are six meters?
Hexameter
Diction
A writer's choice of words
Monologue
A speech by one character
"DRAMATIC"
one or more characters speak
One Hundred Love Sonnets XVII
Pablo Neruda
Russet
a reddish or yellowish brown color
simile
makes comparison between two seemingly unlike things using connective words
Naoshi Koriyama
The author of "Unfolding Bud"
pensive
adj; musingly or dreamily thoughtful, suggestive of sad thoughtfulness
Shakespearean
onsists of three four-line units called quatrains and then ends with a couplet. The rhyme scheme isabab, cdcd, efef, gg.
Paradox
A statement which appears to contradict itself.
contrast
clarifies an idea by showing it against its opposite
soliloquy
usually long speech in which character onstage alone expresses his or her thoughts out loud
Rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in written/spoken language
What does the word deferred mean?
to delay
rising meter
iambic or anapestic, move from unstressed to stressed
blank verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
dramatic
poetry that uses the technique of drama
Similie
A comparison of two unlike objects WITH the use of like or as
Epic
extended narrative poem in elevated or dignified language, celebrating beats of a legendary or tranditional hero
paralellism
when the beggining of a line is repeated in poetry
rhyme
the repitition of sounds: there are 3 types:end, internal, and approximate
transition
word or phrase to make a smooth movement from one topic to the next
apostrophe
a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and could reply
tritina
the same 3 words are used as end-word
caesura
punctuation or a phrasal pause in the middle of a line
metonymy
a figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to describe the whole
Spenserian sonnet
uses three quatrains and a couplet like the Shakespearean sonnet but employs a linking rhyme scheme more similar to the Petrarchan sonnet: abab/bcbc/cdcd/ee
persona
a character created by a poet who speaks in a dramatic monologue
The author ___ Macavity when he calls him a "fiend in feline shape"
Directly characterizes
Inversion
changing the order of the word
Ex I love you, or You I love
Allusion
A reference in a literary work to a person, place, thing, or history.
Falling meters
refers to metrical feet that move from stressed to unstressed sounds, such as the trochaic foot and the dactylic foot.
biblical allusion
Robert Frost uses many of these in his poems (ex. Put out the light)
Extended Metaphor
When the writer writes of an object as if it were another. Comparison for SEVERAL LINES or a whole poem.
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used to designate the whole or the whole is used to disignate a part.e.g.:"all hands on deck" means "all men on deck," not just their hands
What is one line of a poem known as?
One line poem
A fun, usually brief poem, containing many wacky images
What is the definition of a nursery rhyme?
onomatopoeia
impair
to weaken
quatrain
four line stanza
Narrative Poem
tells a story
Narrative
Told as a story
octameter
A line with eight feet
rationalize
to make an excuse for
iambic
accent on the second syllable
poetic devicescacophony
discordant, jarring, unharmonious languageie. Dry clashed his harness in the icy cavesAnd barren chasms, and all to left and rightthe bare black cliff clanged around him, as he basedHis feet on juts of slippery crag that rangSharp-smitten with the dint of armed heels -
Sonnet
fourteen line poem in iambic pentameter with a prescribed rhyme scheme; its subject is traditionally love
conflict
struggle or clash between opposing characters or forces
Overstatement
exaggeration in the service of truth
Verse
Metrical Language, the opposite of prose
Refrain
lines repeated at intervals as the chorus of a song
distortion
the lack of proportionality in an image resulting from defects in the optical system
Consonance
sound similar because they have the same consonance
EX. Hip/hop tick/tock splish/splash
Euphemism
a word substituted for another which is actually more precise and accurate
enjambment
the continuation of the sense of grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next.
Cinquain
A five-lined poem based on syllable count and parts of speech
juxtaposition
a poetic deivce in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another for comparison
speaker/persona
the identity f the voice that speaks the words of a poem, not necessarily the same person as the poet
English sonnet
arranged as three quatrains and a couplet, rhyming ahab cdcd efef gg
theme
a message about life of human nature that the writer shares
A sonnet
14 lines 3 quatrains and a couplet
last 2 lines usually contains a twist
has an abab cdcd efef gg rhyme scheme
an iambic pentameter
tactile imagery
words that appeal to the reader's sense of touch
Anacrusis
In metrical verse, the omission of an unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line
The song "King of Pain?" is written by?
The Police
Figurative language
A form of language use in which writers and speakers convey something other than the literal meaning of their words
Each seperate paragraph of a poem is known as?
A stanza
concrete poetry
also known as pattern poetry or shaped verse, these are poems that are printed on the page so that they form a recognizable outline related to the subject, which extends the meaning of the words in the poem.
dimeter
a verse or line of two measures or feet, as He is gone on the mountain,/He is lost to the forest.
beginning rhyme
in the first syllable of a line of verse
End Stop Lines
line which ends with an end mark like a period or comma
What is synecdoche? Name some examples.
Using a part of something that represents a whole.Ex. "All hands on deck", "Nice wheels".
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