English Poetry Vocabulary 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
tactile
touch
Trochee
stressed, unstressed
gregory corso
marriage
Assonance
the repetition
varnished
finish, polished, decorated
Exposition
the conflict presented,-orphan-Reed's-Gateshead
Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Constantly Risking Absurdity
Lawrence Ferlinghetti
cacophony
A harsh, discordant, unpleasant-sounding choice and arrangement of sounds. Example: crag, crooked
Enjambment
the running together of lines
denotation
dictionary definition of a word
couplet
a rhymed pair of lines.
tetrameter
verse written in 4-foot lines
Prose
language written in sentence and paragraph form
pastoral
written in the country
expresses a yearning for an innocence and simplicity that has been lost
visage
n. dealing with facial expression; countenance
quatrain
a rhyme of the form a,b,a,b
Villanelle
French verse form strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous; 5 tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines 1,6,12, 18 and 3, 9, 15, 19 are refrain.
apostrophe
addressing someone dead or something not present, as though present
connotation
associations and implications that go beyond the word's literal meaning.
Figurative language
a non-literal use of language
Onomatopoeia:
words that imitate sounds (bang, woosh)
A word that sounds like its definition
Onomatopoeia
line
a group of words in a row
Personification
Giving human qualities to an animal, object, or idea
overstatement/hyperbole
exaggeration for the sake of emphasis or humor; not meant to be taken literally
metaphors
make comparison w/out using like or as, thus making stated comparison stronger
Lyric Poetry
Poetry that focused on expressing private emotions
poetry
literature in its most intense, most imaginative, and most rhythmic form. Uses sound devices and figurative language. Deals with feelings and emotions.
conceit
a fanciful and elaborate figure of speech that make a suprising connection between two seemingly dissimilar things
Adjective:
Words that describe nouns. Nouns are people, places, and things.Ex: Mary is pretty. The park is big. Her shoes are blue.
Understatement
the opposite of hyperbole, it (or litotes) refers to a figure of speech that says less than is intended; usually has an ironic effect, and sometimes may be used for comic purposes, as in Mark Twain’s statement, “The reports of my death are greatly exaggerated.”
Breeches
trousers that go down past the knee
onomatopoeia
A word whose sound imitates the actual sound to which it refers
the process of analyzing the foot and meter of a poem
scansion
imagery
the use of sensory detail to describe a object
Dramatic irony
The meaning of the character's actions or words is understood by the audience but not by the character.
Irony
How a person, place, or thing is interpreted the opposite of what is meant
pun
using double meanings of words for a humorous effect
end rhyme
rhyme of the terminal syllables of lines of poetry.ex: the deer ran away,it was a hot summer day.
octave
erse form consisting of eight lines of iambic pentameter
symbol
a word or image that stands for something else
Rhyme Scheme
the end of rhyme shown by ABCDEFG... ect
Free Verse
poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme
Iambic pentameter
Five sets of two syllables in a line.
folk tale
a story passed down from person to person by word of mouth
foot
the metrical unit by which a line of poetry is measured
Onomatopia
The use of words that mimic the sound of the thing they describe"Buzzing Bees"
Paradoxical Statement
A figure of speech in which an apparently self-contradictory statement is nevertheless found to be true
This is Just to Say is written by....
William Carlos William
Picture poems
A type of open form poetry in which the poet arranges the lines of the poem so as to create a particular shape on the page.
Why is the person in "You're" mute from the fourth of july to all fool's day?
Because a woman is pregnate for nine months, and You're is a baby that hasn't been born yet
title
roam
go aimlessly;wander
hyperbole
gross exaggeration
imminent
likely to happen
Iambic
Unstressed, Stressed (u,/)
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds
slant rhyme
doesn't exactly rhyme
Petrachan Sonnet
AKA Italian Sonnet
Dulce et Decorum est
Wilfred Owen
scornful
full of contempt or disdain
Dactyl
three-syllable foot, sounds like long-short-short/ long-short-short
internal rhyme
rhyme in the line
oxymoron
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
allusion
reference to a historical, literary, or biblical event/person
repetition
using element of language multiple times
rhyme
identical or very similar recurring final sounds in words at the ends of lines
effect
overall feeling created by a poem
cinquain
5-lined, untitled poem, where the syllable pattern increases by 2 for each line with last line ending with 2 syllables (2,4,6,8,2).
descriptive language used to represent objects, feelings, and thoughts
imagery
Image
- language referring to something that can be perceived through one or more of the senses.
Sonnet
A fixed form of fourteen lines, normally iambic pentameter, with a rhyme scheme conforming to either the English or Italian variety.
anthropomorphism
Giving human characteristics to a god, animal or object.
Idiom
an expression to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning of each word
lyric poem
a short poem of songlike quality
extended metaphor
metaphor that continues into the sentences that follow. It is often developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work, and are especially effective in poems and fiction
tone
the poem's attitude or feelings toward the theme; how it makes the statement
The Eagle
"He watches from his mountain walls, and like a thunderbolt he falls"
Cross
"I wonder where I'm gonna die, being neither white nor black?"
haiku
3 unrhymed lines (5, 7, 5) usually focusing on nature
lyric
a poem that expresses an emotion or thought
the world is too much with us by william wordsworth
exact rhyme
all share the same stressed vowel sounds as well as sharing sounds that follow the vowel
Alliteration
Consonance at the beginning of two or more words
Parody
To make fun of - Hazel tells Laverne
Consonance
-agreement or harmony
speaker
the voice that talks the reader in the poem(not necessarely the poet)
Verse
The style of writing used in poetry is embellished with rhythm, sound, sensory, and visual structure
paraphrase
a restatement of an idea to retain the meaning while changing the diction and form
irony of situation
an event occurs that violates the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience
Formal Diction
The use of language that consists of a dignified, impersonal, AND elevated use of language. Ex- pg 830
ballad
a type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature
What is the Sidewalk Racer about?
The zen feeling of becoming one with your skate board
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Definition:
Definition:

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