English poetry words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
caesura
pause
ode
Hexameter
six feet
run-on line
perpetrate
to commit (crime)
zone
a stated area
dimeter
two feet per line
hyberbole
extreme exaggeration for effect
apostrophe
addressing something via personification
Onomatopoeia
"Buzz!" Words that mimic sound
Symbol
something that is simultaneously itself and a sign of something else
allusion
refrences to cultural, historical, geographical, of literary events, persons or facts
ballad
a songlike, narrative poem traditionally characterized by a recurring refrain and four-line stanzas rhyming abcb
iambic pentameter
5 feet of unstressed/stressed syllables
Diverged
Branched out; went in different directions
epic
long narrative poem about the adventures of gods or heroes
Simile
Phrase comparing two things using "like" or "as"
Free Verse
poetry without an identifiable meter
Rhyme scheme
The pattern of end rhymes
consonance
repetition of consonants in close words, EX: pitter patter
sonnet
a 14-line poem. Shakespearian or English = 3 quatrains
Memoir
is about the author’s personal experiences.
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line
rhyme
words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds
Metaphysical poetry
a term applied to difficult/abstract poetry
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
Titania
The beautiful queen of the fairies. Her brief, potion-induced love for Nick Bottom yield's the play's foremost example of the contrast motif.
lyric poem
highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker
scansion
the analysis of the metrical structure of verse
Theme
What is the central purpose, message, or commentary on life that this poem tries to convey?
Inversion
an indirect reference to somebody or something
iamb
an unstessed syllable followed by a stessed syllable
(da DAH)
speaker
voice of a poem; not neccesarily poet
meter
the rhythmical pattern of a poem that is determined by the number and types of stresses or beats in each line.
couplet
a pair of lines of verse, which directly follow one another, which are of similar length and which may rhyme
Internal Ryme
occurs when the ryhming words appear in the same line
Personification
Representation of a non human thing in the form of a person
Topics for Shakespearean Sonnet
time, death, love, friendship, immortality of poetry
Tone
a particular style or manner, as of writing or speech; mood
form
the shape of a poem; the way the words, lines, and stanzas are arranged
Slant Rhyme
see def. of approx. rhyme; words with any kind of sound similarity, from close to fairly remote
turn
a point in a poem when its meaning moves in a new and/or significant direction, or its theme emerges
evoke
v; to call forth or call up; conjure, to cite especially with approval or for support; invoke, to bring to mind or recollection, to re-create imaginatively
dramatic poetry
verse that present the speech of one or more characters
allegory
a narrative that exists on at lest two levels simultaneously, a concrete literal level and a second level of abstract meaning; throughout an allegory a consistent sequence of parallels exists between the literal and the abstract
Image
A word or series of words that refers to any sensory experiences.
Rhymed Verse
a verse with end rhyme; it usually has regular meter
dowry
amount of money from a man or woman to the other
what is dramatic irony?
when a character speaks in ignorance of a situation jnown to the audience or other characters
serene and peaceful
mood of speaker at the end of "sonnet 30" is...?
What are the 4 components of hip hop? And when did it started?
rap, dj, breakdancing, graffiti- Circa '70s by Blacks & Latinos; NYC
Primeval
primitive
monometer
1 foot
sestet
6-line stanzas
Pentameter
Five feet.
analogy
similarities or comparisons
topic
matter dealt in text
octave
an eight line stanza
Debauchery
excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures
walt whitman
i hear america singing
Denotation
Literal meaning of a word.
maya ying lin
built the vietnem memorial
elegy
lament (expressing grief) for the dead
pure
when two words have different beggining sounds but then rhyme completely at the end
Lyric Poetry
characterized by emotion, personal feelings, brevity
imagery
the descriptive language used in literature to re-create sensory experiences
cacophony
a confusion of jarring, discordant sounds
Apollonian
god like qualities of human behaivor
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Tragedy
Comes from the greek word "Goat Song",connection to religion.
italian/petrarchan sonnet
sonnet with the following rhyme pattern for the first eight lines: (octave) abba, abba; the final six lines (sestet) may follow any pattern of rhymes, as long as it does not end in a couplet. poem traditionally turns/shifts in mood/tone after the octave.
kinds of metrical lines
monometer, dimeter, trimeter, tetrameter, pentamenter, hexameter, heptameter, octometer
verbal irony
the opposite of what is true
Irony
A situation involving some kind of incongruity of discrepancy
end rhyme
last word on line of poetry
English Sonnets
poetry made famous by William Shakespeare
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sounds (Ex. time out of mind, free and easy).
Mood
the feeling evoked by the poet through his/her imagery
poetic formslyric
a short poem of songlike quality
Figurative Language
non literary to create a special effect or feeling, created through similes, metaphors, personification etc.
refrain
a repeated word, phrase, line or group of lines
metaphor
a figure of speech that makes a comparison between tho unlike things without the use of comparison words
Sarcasm
bitter or cutting speech meant to hurt feelings
Canto
A division of a long poem equivalent to a chapter in a prose work.
syntax
the order of words to form phrases and sentences. syntax in poetry is often more complex than the syntax we use in our everyday language, and occasionally it violates Standard English (poetic license)
Wilfred Owen
"Dulce et Decorum Est" (means it is sweet and becoming to die for one's country); was in army; did not enjoy experience--especially after being 'shell-shocked'--but continued it after recovering; biggest influence: Siegfriend Sassoon; dies in battle
english (shakespearian) sonnet
fourteen line love poem in iambic pentameter...abab cdcd efef gg
implied metaphor
-noun An implied metaphor is a subtle comparison.
Phonetic Intensive
A word whose sound, by an obscure process, to some degree suggests its meaning.
Reference Encyclopedia MLA Citation
Author. "Title of Article." Title of Book. Edition. Date of Publication
Duple Meter
A meter in which a majority of the feet contain two syllables. Iambic and Trochaic are both duple meters.
dramatic monolouge
a poem written as a speech made by a character( other than the author) at some decisive moment
What is the scansion of a poem?
It is the metrical feet, or rhythm of the poem. (including stressed and unstressed [U/])
't
it
8 feet
octameter
Mushrooms
Margaret Atwood
The Lamb
William Blake
Quatrain
A four-line stanza.
Freeverse
no Rhyme scheme
carnal
relating to physical appetite
to avow
declaring very strongly
blank verse
unrimed iambic pentameter
euphony
any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds
limerick
five-line nonsense poem; generally anapestic (3-syllable foot); rhyme scheme usually 'a a b b a'
style
A manner of doing something
Connotation
is the series of implications, suggestions, emotional accusations that go with it
Metaphors
Compare two apparently unlike things NOT using like, than, as or resembles
metonymy
substituting a word for another closely associated with it
Lyric
A poem that expresses a speaker's personal thoughts or feelings.
act of identifying the meter and foot
scansion
Narrative
objective verse, which relates a story or narrative
Lord Byron
1700's. England. Personality in tragic revolt from society. She Walks In Beauty.
Extra-Metrical Syllables
In metrical verse, extra unaccented syllables added at the beginnings or endings of lines; these may be either a feature of the metrial form of a poem or occur as exceptions to the form.
mixed metaphors
the mingling of one metaphor with another immediately following with which the first is incongruous
speaker/persona
the voice of the person that is reading the poem
Paradox
Statement that may be true but seems to say two opposite (Contradictory) things
End-stopped line
a line of poetry with a grammatical pause at the end
How often love has come and told me...I turn my followers pale and cold, and kill them by my might...I am fed by tears...
Petrarch--Sonnet 93
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used to represent the whole
bird of prey
the eagle in "the eagle" is best described as?
Third Person
A way a poem is told- Though "He" "She" "They" ect.
What is synesthesia?
A sense analogy. When 1 sense is used in terms of another.Ex. colour used in sound - loud stink, smells pink!
that the bird seemed to say that his guilt and sorrow would never end while he was on the bust of the goddess of wisdom
What did we say about the crow sitting on top of the bust of Pallas?
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
tetrameter
four feet per line
Heptameter
Seven feet per line
poetry
the work of a poet
identical, or very similar, recurring final sounds in words at the ends of lines of a poem
rhyme
Wordsworth
The NATURE POET, wrote all about nature
Occasional Poem
A poem written for a particular occasion, such as a dedication, birthday, or victory.
litotes
a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite
The Eagle
"He watches from his mountain walls, and like a thunderbolt he falls"
internal rhyme
a rhyme between words in the same line
free verse (open form)
refers to poems characterized by their nonconformity to established patterns of meter, rhyme, and stanza
I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud
"Which is the bliss of solitude; and then my heart with pleasure fills and dances with the daffodils"
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