Stress and Health Flashcards

Terms Definitions
alleviating stress
Religiosity is __________ correlated with life expectancy.
alleviating stress using emotional, cognitive, or behavioral methods
a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension. (Myers Psychology 7e p. 548)
problem-focused coping
alleviate stress by changing stressor
someting that requires you to cope/deal w/ situationphysical: temp, injuryphysco: life changing events
aerobic exercise
sustained exercise that increases heart and lung fitness; may also alleviate depression and anxiety
Psychophysiological Illness
literally "mind-body" illness; any stress-related physical illness, such as hypertension and some headaches- distinct from hypochondriasis
Type B
Friedman and Rosenman's term for easygoing, relaxed people. (Myers Psychology 7e p. 539)
Herbal Medicine
Alt. Med. subfield. Employing plant and plant products from folk medicine traditions for pharmacological use.
resorting to earlier ways of acting or feeling (immature)"lets shoot spitballs at him:
Hormone that enables the body to maintain prolonged alertness, fight infections, and heal wounds
Type A
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard-driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging. (Myers Psychology 7e p. 532)
Health Psychology
A subfield of psychology that provides psychology's contribution to behavioral medicine.
psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)
the study of the relationships among psychological factors, the immune system, and the brain
Psychological Fatigue
A feeling of fatigue, usually caused by such things as lack of exercise, boredom, or mental stress, that results in a lack of energy and depression; also referred to as subjective or false fatigue
Coronary Heart Disease
The clogging of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle; the leading cause of death in many developed countries.
stress and immune system
acitivy is lowerb/t short times, recovers quiclyshort periods and relief strengthens immune systemlong time --> reduced number of WBC or their effectiveness
approach-avoidance conflict
a conflict in which an individual is simultaneously attracted to and repelled by the same goal
Alternative systems of medical practice
Alt. Med. subfield. Health care ranging from self-care following popular beliefs to treatments based on alternative traditions of practice.
General Adaptive Syndrome (GAS)
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in 3 stages- alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
Testing in front of a pet
Which causes less stress, testing in front of friends or testing in front of a pet?
Unpredictable large-scale events that nearly everyone appraises as threatening. Health consequences can be significant.
a stress-resistant personality pattern that involves the factors of commitment, control, and challenge
raises blood glucose levels, promotes body 2 use fat for energy so glucose can go to brain/muscles
behavioral medicine
an interdisiplinary field that intergrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease
Weight Discrimination
Overweight people are often perceived as less sincere and friendly, and more obnoxious, and are less likely to be married. Overweight people are less likely to be hired for jobs.
Fight or Flight
automatic body response to stress
Deals with the ways in which experiences, especially stressful ones, alter the immune system, and how the immune system in turn influences the central nervous system
the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body's immune system: B lymphocytes form in the bone marrow and release antibodies that fight bacterial infections; t lymphocytes form in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses, and foreign substances
Manual Healing
Alt. Med. subfield. Using touch and manipulation with the hands as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool.
immune system
Consists of cells that protect the body against such intruders as viruses and bacteria
what happens in flight or fight?
heart rate increasespupils widenmuscles tensefeuls releasedblood flow 2 skin is reducedimmune system temp. shuts downblood flow to organs reducedblood flow to brain increased
avoidance-approach conflict
a conflict in which an individual must choose between two alternatives, both of which she or he wishes to avoid
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages--alarm, resistance, exhaustion
type A behavior pattern
a pattern of behavior characterized by competitiveness, impatience, tendency toward frustration, and hostility

Distinguish among the three types of leukocytes.
The most important elements of the immune system are the leukocytes, commonly known as white blood cells. These include the following three types of cells:

B cells, which mature mostly in the bone marrow, secrete antibodies—proteins that attack and destroy a specific type of foreign invader throughout the body. Every cell has surface proteins called antigens (antibody-generator molecules). The B cells recognize the “self” antigens, but when they find an unfamiliar antigen, they attack the cell. This kind of attack defends the body against viruses and bacteria; it also causes rejection of organ transplants. After the body has made antibodies against a particular intruder, it “remembers” the intruder and quickly builds more of the same kind of antibody if it encounters that intruder again.

T cells mature in the thymus gland. Several kinds of T cells attack intruders directly (without secreting antibodies), and some help other T cells or B cells to multiply.

Natural killer cells attack tumor cells and cells that are infected with viruses. Whereas each B or T cell attacks a particular kind of foreign antigen, natural killer cells nonspecifically attack all intruders.
reaction caused by frustration
Concentrative Meditation
Research shows that___________lowers blood pressure in adolescents and adults
conflict between 2 unattractive choices
Stress sensitization
Repeated experience can desensitize response to the same stressor, but can sensitize response to novel stressors
buring your toast, having trouble opening an email attachment, breaking a glass, and running late for an appointment may be considered
any effort to cope with stress
Stress response
The body's response to the imbalance
Which parts of the nervous system reacts when the human body is subjected to stress?
clearing ones mind & finding "inner Peace"
stress that is negative, develops from anxiety or pressure
Ability to take care of oneself and make one's own decisions
Road Rage
________is the term used to describe the excessive anger exhibited  by drivers in response to ordinary traffic frustration.
Feeling the need to work very long hours to meet a deadline is called
emotional support
forms a basis for offering affection and boosted stressed person's self confidence
optimists vs. pessimists
optimists are likely to live longer than pessimists
Conflict situation
When a person must choose between two or more options that tend to result from opposing motives
Which of the following is the type of conflict that occurswhen a person must choose or not choose one goal or event that has both positive and negative aspects?
a situation that has both good and bad consequences
General adaptation syndrome
Made up of three stages in the body's stress reaction: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion.
take bad things that happen less personally, coming up with alternative explanations.
Optimists tend to use alternative thinking to__________.
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