English Short Stories Vocab

Terms Definitions
Innocuous
Harmless
sullen
mürrisch
indigenous
eingeboren
beseech
to beg
denoument
conclusion (resolution)
sashaying
moving sideways
Fecundity
(noun) richness; fruitfulness
sled
thomas e. adams
Margaret Atwood
Happy Endings
craven
noun
a miserable coward; timid
Iridescent
Having shifting, rainbow-like colors
Talisman
Charmed to bring luck
Peaceful, calm, or quiet.
tranquil
vaudeville
theatrical genre of variety entertainment (1800s-1930s) including musicians, dancers, comedians, trained animals, etc.
solicitous
full or care of concern
contrast
show how things are different
Expression used in specific geographical destinati
Colloquialism
consummate
(adj) complete in every detail: extremely skilled and accomplished
types of internal conflict
man vs. self
Antagonist
The force(s) against the protagonist. Can be another character, nature, restrictions/beliefs of society, or themselves.
symbol
an object,event, person, or animal that stands for itself AND something else
fidelity
strict observance of promises, duties, etc.:
ephemeral
(adj) lasting a short time, short lived
omniscient
"all knowing"; this is when the narrator reports what is going on in all of the characters' heads
indelible
permanent incapable of being erased or removed
simile
comparison using the word "like" or "as"
Volition
a choice or decision made by will
diction
style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words:
Rising action
the action(s) that takes place before the story reaches the climax
a series of events related to a central conflict or struggle
Plot
Clarification
The act of making something clearer or more focused
Tessie- "The Lottery"
static character because she doesn't change. she doesn't have an epiphany about the whole ordeal happening, she only reacts this way because her family/she was the one to be stoned
Symbolism
The use of an object to represent a larger idea.
Brabant
A term used to refer to a Flemish coin
much of his work details what it means to be a man in a world of women and war
hemmingway
vantage point from which a story is told
point of view
linger
to remain or stay on in a place longer than is usual or expected, as if from reluctance to leave:
"Welcome my children...to the communion of your race...you have found your nature and your destiny"
saying they are all in the communion for awhile. you are going to belong to something.
He is waiting on his death and flashbacks to how he got where he is.
What is the flashback in "The Black Cat"?
remit
pardon
obstinate
stubborn
mirage
illusion
A&P
John Updike
ghastly
horribly frightful
Vonnegut
Harrison Bergeron
The Cabulliwallah
Rabindranath Tagore
theme
main idea/ lesson
illimitable
without limit immeasurable
Fetter
(verb) to confine; restrain
serene
calm, peaceful, or tranquil
Louise Erdrich
The Red Convertible
Liam O'Flaherty
Author of "The Sniper"
uncanny
beyond the ordinary or normal
Labyrinth
a complex structure or maze
impulse
noun
a sudden wish or urge
True
Vita's mother was extremely literate (True or false()
The Lady or The Tiger
Frank Stockton
Frank Stockton
The Lady or The Tiger
Battles
noun. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forcesverb. to engage in battle
Dynamic Character
A character who undergoes change during the story.
Alluring
(adj) highly attractive and able to arouse hope or desire
NYC
What city does Helen take place in?
protagonist
main character, ( not always good guy).
antihero
protagonist who has none of the qualities normally expected of a hero
revery
a state of dreamy meditation or fanciful musing:
Usurer
someone who lends money to people with a high rate of interest
Example of suspense
Mr. Spangler disappears after seeing the Reaper in the Delver Looking glass...we never find out what happens to him
plot
sequence of events or actions in short story, play, novel, or narrative poem
Hubbub
n: a loud noise, as of many voices
the humming that lived through the winterauthor
william saroyan
careened
to lean, sway, or tip to one side while in motion
paste
a mixture of heavy glass used to make artificial gems - noun
divined
of or pertaining to a god, esp. the Supreme Being.
what is the name of the boy who takes her bag (tym)
roger
falling action
the part of the plot of a story that occurs after the climax.
When the Republican sniper shoots and kills his opponent.
What is the climax in the Sniper?
She gets to be in the horse with the boy.
Why was Helen happy when she got the chicken pox and couldn't perform the role of Helen of Troy?
static
unchanging
lustrous
shiny
lucid
clear
pun
double meaning
dubiously
skeptically doubtfully
Ulysses
james joyce
to foreshadow
etwas vorhersehen
comport
to conduct oneself; behave
...
Climax
The necklace is missing!
Mathilde's discovery is the most exciting and dramatic moment in the story (until that crazy twist in the last line). It's also the turning point in the plot. Before, the story was a build-up to Mathilde's one glorious night with the rich and famous. Now it transitions into a desperate search. We have a feeling things are not going to end well.
Suspense
Diamonds, when lost, are a girl's worst nightmare
After the loss of the necklace, we're kept in constant suspense. First, there's the search for the necklace: will it be found? When it becomes clear it isn't going to be, the question becomes: what will the Loisels do? Will they find a replacement? And when they do, the question is: how the are they going to pay for it? It turns out paying for it takes quite a toll on them - their lives are ruined for ten years.
Denouement
A fateful stroll down the Champs Elysées
When Mathilde meets Mme. Forestier on the Champs Elysées, it looks like we're just about to tie up the last loose end in the story. The main action is over - the Loisels have finally finished paying off their debts for the necklace. All that remains is for Mathilde to see whether her friend ever noticed the substitute necklace, and tell her the sad story of the whole affair. But then things don't quite wrap up the way we expect.
Conclusion
Come on baby, let's do the twist...
Sometimes critics say that the twist ending is the climax of the story. You could think that the twist is the most exciting moment of the story, and represents a turning point since it reverses everything that came before. But we're sticking to our guns, and saying that the twist ending isn't the climax, but the conclusion. A climax is technically the point of the plot that everything builds up to, and that's not true of the twist. What makes the twist so effective is that by the time it happens the plot has already "risen and fallen," and seems to be wrapping up naturally. Then, right in the denouement, everything changes. Unlike your run-of-the-mill conclusion, this conclusion is exciting, and it upsets everything.
The Open Boat
Stephen Crane
Opulent
Rich and luxurious and lavish
situational irony
not what is expected
to swap s.th. for
etw. ersetzen
Irony
Literary techniques that portray differences between:
Appearance & Reality
Expectation & Result
Meaning & intention
Gary Soto
Author of "The No-Guitar Blues"
evident
plain or clear to the sight
nostalgia
positively missing of craving the past
mendicany
the practice of begging - noun
rebellious attitude was first formed in his childhood
Joyce
John Steinbeck
Author of "Of Mice and Men"
two kinds: who was the antagonist?
the mom
richard connell
author of "the most dangerous game"
imperceptible
impossible or difficult to perceive by the mind or senses
verismilitude
life-like quality possessed by a story as revealed through the plot, setting, conflict and character
direct characterization
protagonist is developed through the their words and actions
What's the conflict in Monkey's Paw?
Person v. Self
round character
shows many different traits; faults as well as virtues
parry
to ward off (a thrust, stroke, weapon, etc.), as in fencing; avert.
Point of view
Perspective or angle from which a narrator presents a story.
dialect
a way of speaking peculiar to a part of the country, ethnic group, etc.
careen
(of a vehicle) to lean, sway, or tip to one side while in motion:
third person limited
the narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind or ONE of the characters
The Painted Door's Main Characters
Ann JohnSteven: Friend of Ann and John 
Good Advice is Rarer than Rubies
- A beautiful woman goes to British consolate to get immigration rights.
-The man she goes to see is attracted to her and gives her special treatment by giving her her immigration papers without having to to take the test.
-She refuses.
-She fails the test purposley becase she doesnt want to go to England with the huband she doesnt know.
discreet
cautious
prodigal
wasteful
inquisitive
curious;inquiring
abysmal
very bad
Top Man
James Ullman
Ivan
Zaroff's assistent (MDG)
shirley jackson
The lottery
termination
an end,limit,or edge
Greasy Lake
T. Coraghessan Boyle
To Build a Fire
Jack London
gallows
frame where people are hung
debut
first public performance or showing
Cossack
russian general, title that Zaroff posesses (MDG)
bierce
author of occurance at open window
Author of To Build a Fire
Jack London
Leonard Mead
Man who enjoys walking (The Pedestrian)
Mathilde Loisel
borrows a necklace from her friend (the necklace)
scenario
a description of a possible course of action or events
Author of The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky
Stephen Crane
Mr. Graves
He is the postmaster of the village and is the second most powerful person in the village.
Mrs. Delacroix
She is a supporter of the lottery and is the person that throws he largest stones at the Tessie when Tessie wins the lottery.
Vincent Spaulding (John Clay)
The antagonist of the story who works at Jabez Wilson's pawn shop and is a notorious criminal. He works under the pseudonym of Vincent Spaulding and is the creator of the Red Headed League with which he intends to rob the City and Suburban Bank.
montressor tells us he has a plan to kill him
foreshadowing of cask of amontillado
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