The American Revolution 2 Flashcards

American Revolution
Terms Definitions
Massachusetts
a
Judicial
Court System
state
nation or government
Privateers
Armed merchant ships
Massachusetts Colony
Self Governing
"The Swamp Fox"
Frances Marion
Montesquieu
3 branches of governmenth
minutemen
members of the Boston Militia
Militia
Group of volunteer colonial soldiers
The Association
An American colonial association?
rupert morris
weathiest merchant superindent finance
punished
hurt someone for doing something wrong
george washington
commander of the continental army
Patriot
American colonists who fought for independence from Britain during the American Revolution
Philadelphia
They wanted to capture ............, the capital.
Phillis Wheatly
1st published black woman poet.
Valley Forge
Washington's starving, poorly equipped troops trained here during freezing winter
cavalry
troops trained to fight on horseback
Congress
A formal meeting of government representatives.
Lexington and Concord
1st battle in the Revolution
Thomas Paine
Revolutionary leader who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense (1776) arguing for American independence from Britain. In England he published The Rights of Man
Declaratory Act
(1766) Response to taxation without representation, the colonies where a "virtual" representation.
The Intolerable Acts included A) The Michigan Government Act B) The Boston Port Act C) The Stamp Act D) All of the Above
B
Anti-federalist
Those who opposed the ratification of the Constitution and a strong central government
Intolerable Acts
- British legislation that closed Boston Harbor, restricted town meetings, required citizens to lodge British soldiers, sent many British soldiers into Boston
- Colonists formed First Cotinental Congress, got ready for war
alliance
a form aggrement anong groups or individuals
tax
money that people pay to the government
Mercenaries
troops for hire. The Hessians fought for the British during the American Revolution.
Continentals
Paper bills issued by the Continental Congress to finance the revolution; supposed to be exchanged for silver but the overprinting of bills made them basically worthless.
Monopoly
The exclusive possession or control of something; usually used in economic terms
John Hancock
President of the Second Continental Congress
Ethan Allen
leader of the Green Mountain Boys
Crispus attackus
first killed for the american revolution
Proclamation
An offical public statement about the law or something that is important.
Committees of Correspondence
organized network for passing along news of British activity to the colonies
Declaration of Independence
Document that explains why the colonies decided to break from England
refugee
people who flee their homes to seek refuge from war
fife
a high pitched flute that both armies used for military style music
sybil ludington
traveled further than paul revere and warned people..(girl)
1763
Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian war which ultimately ended salutary neglect.
John Paul Jones
1747-1792, the most famous naval officer - John Paul, he killed the leader of a mutiny and fled to America to escape charges later adding Jones to his name
the townsend act
1767 boycott of british trade goods
battle of yorktown
battle in virginia where british gerneral cornwallis surrenders to GW; 1781
3/5 Compromise
South: wants slaves to count for population, doesn't want them to be taxed.
North: doesn't want slaves to count for population, wants them taxed.
Compromise: for every 5 slaves, 3 are counted towards population -- leads to an extra 8 representatives total.
sugar/tea/stamp acts
laws that force colonists to pay taxes
Seven Years' War
at first, British suffered serious setbacks; French colonists suffered more setbacks: being driven out of parts of canada; in 1758, William Pitt found ways to defeat the French at Ft. Duquesne and Quebec, resulting in the French defeat
Stamp Act
A tax that the British Pariliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies
Lexington (1775)
Small village outside boston on the road to concord. While passing through Lexington, on the way to concord, american minutemen and british troops clashed and fried 1st shots of american revolution.
When colonists had to pay for housing, food and supplies for British soldiers living in their area.
Quartering
Political Spectrum
A tool to measure someone's attitude towards change
Paul Revere
Patriot silversmith who rode to warn the minutemen of the coming British troops on April 18, 1776.
Boston Massacre
British soldiers that came to the colonies to enforce King George's taxes fired their guns into a crowd and killed 5 colonists
Townshend Acts
An unpopular tax on items such as glass, paint, tea and lead which eventually gets repealed.
Battle of Lexington
April 19, 1775; conflict marking the beginning of the Revolutionary War in Lexington, Massachusetts, on April 19, 1775. An American force of about seventy minutemen under Capt. John Parker assembled on Lexington green after receiving word from dispatch riders, including Paul Revere, that a British force of about 250 men, under Maj. John Pitcairn, was advancing to Concord to confiscate provincial military supplies. British soldiers fired on Parker's force after hearing a gunshot, although which side the shot came from is uncertain, and it may have been accidental; was the "shot heard round the world", 70 minutemen against a much larger British force;
continental army
an army led by george washington to protect the colonies
William johnson
Convinced the Iroquois not to join the french in the French and Indian war
When ratified; it officially ended the war
Treaty of Paris
Jefferson got his ideas for the Declaration of Independence
From John Locke
William Howe
during the summer of 1776, he led hundreds of British ships and 32,000 British soldiers to New York, and offered Congress the choice between surrender with royal pardon and a battle against the odds, and despite having far fewer troops, the Americans rejected the offer.
Guy Carleton
The first British Governor in BNA. He also fought in the American Revolutionary war for the British side.
prohibitory act
declaring all of the colonies in open rebellion and suspending all trade btw britian and america
sons of liberty
Secret societies formed to protest new taxes passed by Parliament. Led the Boston Tea Party and threatened tax collectors.
John Jay
one of three who wrote "The Federalist Papers"
Intolerable Act
laws passed by England in 1774 to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party
Harbor
An area of water next to land where the water is calm, so that ships are safe when they are inside it
Declaratory Acts
Parliment and the King had to power to make laws for the colonies in all cases whatsoever
Treaty of Paris
Becomes official at the end of 1783. How they get there from Yorktown is a little complicated. Even though the British defeat in Yorktown didn't mean the war was over, did undermine the will of people in Parliament to prosecute the war. King George III wasn't ready to give up. Parliament changes quite a lot. March of 1782, ministry of Lord North (PM since 1770) collapses. Predictable reasons. Under lots of pressure because of war criticism, always had been lots of opposition to leadership. After Lord North ceases to be PM, replaced by Lord Rockingham. Long been associated with Whig Cause, PM in late 1765 which repealed the Stamp Act. He dies quickly. Dies in July of '82. After Rockinham Shelbourne is PM. Authored Proclamation of '63, very much a Whig, favored colonial rights, opponent of Lord North. Only PM till February of 1783. The instability of British Parliament and new political climate creates the opportunity for Americans to get consessions in a peace treaty. American Peace Comission floating around in Europe since 1781. Franklin, John Jay, etc. Not supposed to do anything without French (allies since 1778). British need to do something because of the global war they're facing. Ultimately by late 1782 Americans secure agreement from Great Britain which includes in first Article, "His Britanic Majesty acknowledges the United States as a set of free, sovereign states..." Signed in late 1782.
Battle of Monmouth
a pitched battle in New Jersey during the American Revolution that ended with the withdrawal of British forces; ends in draw because of heat
To enlist soldiers
To recruit soldiers is the same thing as
The Treaty of Tordesillas
This document was signed between Spain and Portugal in 1494 and decided how Christopher Columbus's discoveries of the New World would be divided. It ensured Spain's claims in the Americas and conquistadores were quickly sent in search of gold and silver.
Second Continental Congress
Which group met in Philadelphia in May 1775 to make decisions after the Battle of Lexington & Concord. John Hancock was President of this group.
George Rogers Clark
patriot that took 175 troops down the Ohio River
Olive Branch Petition
Last chance at peace by the colonies pledging loyalty to Britain for repeal of the Intolerable Acts
Statue of King George
patroits tore down statue & melted for it bullets
Nathan Hale
"I only regret that I have but 1 life to lose for my country"; patriot; captured & killed by british for passing messages in his shoes to Washington.
What did the Committe of Corrospondence do?
They spread information throughout the colonies-asked people to protest British policies and BOYCOTT British goods.
sugar act of 1764
a tax on foreign molasses and sugar, many colonists had bought less expensive sugar from the west indies instead of the more expensive variety from england
Battle of Long Island
a 1776 battle in New York in which more than 1400 americans were killed, wounded, or captured
Battle of Ticonderoga, NY
July 1, 1777. Lost to the British and Iroquios.
Who introduced to the members of the Continental Congress a resolution in favor of independence? ***
Richard Henry Lee introduced the members of the Continental Congress.
Why is the situation tense in Boston?
One thousand British troops occupy the area. Boston was a place for a lot of vocal colonists.
2 reasons why George Washington was chose to lead against English
-Has battle experience in French and & Indian war -Was from South- more Southern support for wa would be gained.
Legislative
Congress
rendezvous
A meeting
constitution
plan of government
retreat
to turn back
Tories
Another name for Loyalists
Neutral
Neither Loyalist nor Patriot
James Madison
Led War Hawks
Comte de Rochambeau
led French troops
Representation
speaking on behalf of someone
Navigation Laws
designed to enforce mercantilism
privateer
small, privately owned merchant ships that were fitted out with weapons to capture British merchant shipping
Charles Cornwalis
leading british general captured charles town
Eventually surrendered to Washingto at yorktown marking end of the war
March 1770- 5 Citizens Killed
Boston Massacre
First to die for cause
Crispus Attucks
France
supported the American Colonies during the Revolutionary War
Lobsterbacks
unwanted nickname of British soldiers because of their red coats
Independence
The condition of being independent; freedom
unalienable rights
life, liberty, pursuit of happiness... rights that cannot be taken away... god given rights
Yorktown
Where did Cornwallis go after a successful campaign to invade North Carolina?
Republic
form of government in which power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote
Revolutionary War
American colonists war of independence from Britain
thomas jefferson
founding father that wrote the declaration of independence
Deserted
Leave before term of service is expired
bill of rights
includes the first ten amendments
John Adams
He was the outspoken Massachusetts delegate to the 1st and 2nd Continental Congress. He also served as a lawyer for the British soldiers of the Boston Massacre.
How many braches of government are there?
3
The King
American colonies had a governor appointed by the....
smugglers
merchants who snuck in goods illegally to avoid paying British taxes
continental congress
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution
Baron von Steuben
Prussian officer, helped Washington w/Lafayette
Lexington
it was concored By the Brithish in 1775
Nonimportation Agreement
An act signed by 200 merchants pledging not ro buy any British goods until Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, colonial merchants and planters signed these agreements to promise to stop importing goods taxed by the townshed acts
Abolitionist
person or group who is against slavery (anti-slavery)
Townshend, tea
In 1770, the Duties were repealed, except for the tax on .
Thomas Gage
British general in charge of Boston; he sent troops to capture the stockpiled weapons at Concord, and this started the war
In the 1st continental Congress, who pushed for war?
Patrick Henry
blockade
shutting of port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
Who was George Washington?
Commander of the Continental Army
Ally, allies
a friend, especially in time of war
Haym Solomon
Jewish banker from Philli; gives money to help soldiers with supplies & food; Get loans from other countries through his bank; never gets repaid
First Continental Congress
Delagates from all colonies except georgia met to discuss problems with britain and to promote independence
protest
to complain against an idea or an action
common sense
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain
Oriskany
Brit. (from Oswego) on their way to help Burgoyne were defeated by Americans
IN 1775, WHAT WAS THE POPULATION OF THE COLONIES?
2.5 MILLION
Cornwallis
he was the leader of the British army who surrendered to George Washington at Yorktown=ended the war
1st Continental Congress
On September 1774, delegates from 12 colonies gathered in Philadelphia. After debating, the delegates passed a resolution backing Mass. in its struggle. Decided to boycott all British goods and to stop exporting goods to Britain until the Intolerance Act was canceled.
Battle of York Town
Last major battle of Revoultionary war. Lord Cornwalls surrender to George Washington and Colonists
Lord Cornwallis
British general who led an army in Camden, South Carolina surrendered at Yorktown
Townshend Act
import taxes on lead, paper, tea, and glass collected at port;protest letters, boycott British goods
Fort Ticonderoga
A historic fort on Lake Champlain, in New York, site of important battles in the American revolution
Thomas Jefferson did what?
wrote declaration of Indepence. Got ideas from John Locke
France and Spain
two major allies of the Americans during the American Revolution
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
Benedict Arnold
tried to surrender west point to the british; great american traitor
paul adams
second cousin to john adams who helped get colonsty angry at great brittan.
Battle of Saratoga
1777 battle, the first major American victory in the Revolution and a major TURNING POINT in the war, it not onlyl ended the British threat to New England and boosted American spirits, but it also convinced France to become an ally of the U.S.
revoltion
a time when people change a ruler or political system by using force or violence
Who was in the first cabinet?
Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, Henry Knox
Blacks and the Revolution
many leaders of the revolution owned slaves; many contributed to the revolution for freedom; many blacks were returned straight to slavery after the end of the war
Help at Valley Forge
Martha Washington and other women came to help and von Steuben helped us march and fight with new skills
natural rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
How did the declaration of Independence need to be changed in order to win the support of the southern colonies?
Unfortunatley, a paragraph attacking slavery was taken out of the Declaration of Independence (against Jefferson's wishes) in order to keep the south from joining the British.
Captain John Paul Jones
Best known American Navy hero in revolution. -Known for the statement "I have not yet begun to fight!" Also known as the Father of the U.S. Navy.
Battle of Lexington and Concord
The first military engagement of the Revolutionary War. It occurred on April 19, 1775, when British soldiers fired into a much smaller body of minutemen on Lexington green.
English Bill of Rights
The nobles execute King Charles I in 1649 over fear of absolute power. An act passed by Parliament in 1689 which limited the power of the monarch. It was established as the most powerful brach of English gov't. There was now more power to the people. (1689-1776)
Tea Act
tax on tea which led to the boston tea party
With British citizens so burdened by all of the taxes, what question came up?
Why not tax the colonists?
3 stages of the American Revolution
Fighting in the New England colonies, fighting in the middle colonies, fighting in the Southern colonies
In Celscius what is the boiling and freezing points?
Boiling - 100
Freezing - 0
Describe the battle of Lexington & Concord.
In 1775, a militia of Massachusetts Patriots went to Concord to seize supplies and weapons. When the British forced arrived at Lexington they encountered a 70 armed militia and told them to put down their weapons and as they were beginning to obey, someone fired a shot (no one knows who). The militia was defeated with 8 men dead and 10 injured and the British went on to Concord where they destroyed some of the militia's supplies. On their way back, about 4,000 Patriots were behind trees and stone walls that shot and killed 70 British soldiers and wounded 170. This was the first battle of the war.
Run family farms, tend to army needs, become spies and messengers
• Molly Pitcher (Mary Hayes): carried water to soldiers at Battle of Monmouth
• Margaret Corbin: takes husband's
place at canon
• Deborah Sampson: disguises self as
man to se
Role of women in the war effort
Gamecock
Thomas Sumter
hit-and-run warfare
guerrilla warfare
Tyranny
cruel use of authority
preamble
into to declaration of independence
Trenton
Washington's first genuine victory came over mercenary troops
export
something sent OUT of a country
Patriots
colonists who want independence from GB
repeal
To cancel a tax or law
Loyalist
Colonist who remained royal to Britain
Edmund Burke
supported American Independence but opposed women's rights
redcoats
nickname for British soldiers, whose uniforms made them ideal targets
Saratoga
Battle which was the "turning point" in the Revolutionary War, and convinced French to join Americans
peninsula
land that juts (extends) out into water
General Henry Lee
called "Light Horse Harry", (January 29, 1756-March 25, 1818) was a cavalry officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.
Charles Townshend
the Crown's chief financial officer who implemented unpopular import duties on everyday items like glass, paper, and tea
Charles Carroll
Only Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence
Sons of Liberty-1765
Founded by colonists.Enforced measures against Parliamentary laws on the people.Tried forcing England to repeal governing of the colonies.
Loyalists
Colonists who helped fight the British during the Revolutionary War.
dispatch rider
a military messenger mounted on horseback (Paul Revere)
Propaganda
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
Samuel Adams
Revolution leader and patriot, signer of the Declaration of Independence, another leader of the Sons of Liberty
Boston
occupied by the British during the Revolutionary War
intolerable
too difficult, bad, or annoying for you to accept or deal with
Writs of Assistance
Special search warrants that allowed tax collectors to search for smuggled goods were known as what?
Quartering Act
one of Intolerable Acts which forced colonists to supply food and house British soldiers
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, and meanest monopoly known in history
test act
when the american loyalists signed the pledge of alligiance.
Constitutional Convention
This meeting, which took place in Philadelphia in 1787, was meant to revise and repair the existing Articles of Confederation, but in fact resulted in the creation of a new government and the United States Constitution.
The Declaration of Independence is about the rights and freedoms of that all people should have, but not everyone was equal during this time. Who did not have the same rights?
Women and slaves
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the mountains to move back east.
One who maintains loyal to the British during the war
Loyalists
Tuscarora, Oneida
The tribes of that Iroquois League that allied with the Americans (TO)
guerrilla warfare
small group of soldiers using surprise attack strategy
act
a law has been officially accepted dy parliament or congress
The Proclamation of Line 1763
prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian mountains in order to avoid conflicts with Native Americans
Patrick Henry
famous for his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech
Monarchy
a type of government with a king where the rule moves to the next generation
Pontiac's Rebellion
This event occurred in 1763 when the Ottawans, led by Chief Pontiac, launched an attack on the new colonial settlements from the Great Lakes region, of what is now Michigan, all the way to Virginia. The damage to the British forts and colonial settlements was significant, with many lives lost and homes destroyed. British regular forces were sent to protect the colonies, and the situation ended after 18 months of fighting.
1764-SUGAR ACT
KEPT TAXES STILL HIGH ON SUGAR AND RUM,
BUT
LOWERED TAX ON MOLASSES
1st Continetal Congress
a gathering of colonial leaders who were deeply troubled about relationship between Great Britain and its colonies in America
virtual representation
the political theory that a class of persons is represented in a lawmaking body without direct vote
Bunker Hill
British soliders ran up the hill and Americans didnt fire until they could see the whites of their eyes
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created the Northwest Territory (area north of the Ohio River and west of Pennsylvania), established conditions for self-government and statehood, included a Bill of Rights, and permanently prohibited slavery
Hessian troops
Did NOT defeat the Patriots at the Battle of Trenton
Mary Ludwig Hays McCauley
was called Molly Pitcher because she carried fresh water to the soldiers, when her husband was injured she took his place loading the cannons
War in the South
British attacked here as it was heavily loyalist and easier to take over. At first they had success and took Georgia in 1778-1779. Then they took over Charlestown, SC in 1780. Eventually the Americans were able to hold back the British, under the leadership of the "fighting quaker" Charles Cornwallis.
towshed act 1767
taxes on common items tea paper lead glass dyes great britian payed mass. judges
Who fought at Lex and Concord from the Patriots?
minute men
Treaty of Paris (f+i)
This treaty ended the Seven Years War
Treaty of Paris CONDITIONS:
1) United States was independent, 2) Each side would repay debts it owed the other, 3) The British would return any enslaved persons they had captured
British Wrongs Section
The wrongs of the British like the taxes.
All people are born with what three natural rights?
Life, Liberty, and Property
John Adams, Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson
Writers of the Declaration of Independence
What was the final battle of the American Revolution called?
The Battle of Yorktown
Battle of Bunker Hill
On June 12, British General Gage put marial law in effect, he stated that anyone helping the Americans would be considered a traitor and rebel, when Americans began to fortify a hill against British forces, British ships in the harbor discovered the activity and opened fire, 2,400 more British troops arrived later, although the 1,000 Americans resisted several attacks, they eventually lost the fortification
What did Saratoga show US's allies?
we have a change of winning war
French and Indian war
This war was part of a long struggle between France and Britain for territory and power. Because many Native Americans fought with France in this later conflict, the colonist called it this. The job for the British soldiers was to clear out the French out the Ohio Valley.
Loyalists should be repaid damage done to their property
What did the Treaty of Paris say?
French and British Intrigue over U.S. boundaries
The Treaty of Paris set the colonial boundaries as being the southern border of Canada, the northern border of Florida, the Atlantic coast, and the Mississippi River.
What was the intent of the Coercive Acts? Were they intended to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party?
These acts were an attempt to stop the colonists from challenging the British authority
Rebels
...Patriots (unwanted)
Casimir Pulaski
trained cavalry
boycott
refuse to buy
Wrote revolutionary literature
Thomas Paine
Unicameral
A one house legislature
civilian
person not in the military
Who betrays George Washington?
Benedict Arnold
Sugar act
1764. Tax on Sugar
Von Steuben
helped train washingtons continental troopsto march and drill
surrender
to admit defeat and give up
Battle of Kings Mountain--turning point in the war
American victory
counterrevolution
a revolution against a government established by a revolution
Recruit
to enlist soldiers in the army
Francis Marion
South Carolina militia leader nicknamed the "Swamp Fox" for his hit-and-run attacks on the British during the American Revolution.
allies
a friend who helps in a fight
Goerge Washington
commander of the Continental Army; brilliant leader; respected by his troops
mercantilism
an economic theory that believe the colonies should benefit the mother country
In 1763, Patrick Henry argued the Parson's Cause case, which tied the price of tobacco to A) Clerical Pay B) Soldiers' pay C) Blacksmiths' Pay D) Lawyers' Pay A: A)
A
horatio gates
disliked washinton and tryed to replace him
headright system
This system was established in Chesapeake to deal with labor shortages due to disease and low birth rates. A landowner would pay the passage from England for a white 'indentured servant" and receive 50 acres of land in return. These servants were bound by the indenture until their passage was paid back in the form of labor -- usually a term of seven years.
Lemuel Hayes
African American who joined the Patriots; black writer who sought to articulate the lessons of the revolution to Blacks. He also helped take Fort Ticonderoga
John Burgoyne
commander who surrendered after losing the battle of saratoga
allusion
figurative language in which you make reference to something from history or literature; Benedict Arnold, Scrooge, etc.
Baron Von Steben
German officer who trained Americans.
Salutary neglect
An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies
Committee of Correspondence
Boston colonists organized by Sam Adams who wrote letters to inform colonists and communicate with other colonies.
victuals
common 18th century term for food or rations
342
The Sons of Liberty threw ___ chests of tea into the Boston Harbor.
effigy
a crude dummy or image representing a hated person or group
Puritans
a group of Anglicans in England who wanted to purify their church of Catholic ways
Stamp Act (1765)
revenue measure that provoked open opposition by colonists
John Adams' Contributions
1. Jefferson should write Declaration of Independence.
2. Went to the Dutch for money.
quatering acts
was also expanded to require all colonists to house british troops when ordered
Ben Franklin
"Hang together or we will hang separately"
Area of land everyone wanted because it was good farmland
Ohio Valley
federal system
power is shared between state and national government
Taxation without Representation
the main reason colonists were upset with Britain, paid without having people involved in the government
1st continental congress (1774)
colonial meetings, asked Great Britain to repeal harsh taxes and overturn other harsh actions.
Columbian Exhange
the global exchange of goods and ideas between the Eastern & Western hemispheres that sparked exploration
Quartering Act (1766)
This act required the colonies to provide quarters for British soldiers. (Food and a place to sleep) They had to support a standing army.
William Prescott
Led the colonists in the Battle of Bunker Hill.
amend
to change in a formal way; to change for the better
british destroy colonial stores in lexington and concord
1775 minutemen attack british
General Hull
An American General who lead some of the troops in the war of 1812.
The Tea Tax
The British East India Company began selling tea at a cheper price than smuggled tea, which almost sent them into bankruptcy; Britain gave the company a monopoly on colonial tea trade; Tea prices came down even more, but the colonists saw this as a way to get Americans to pay the tea tax; many colonists responded with violence, others with noncompliance
treaty of paris 1783
Treaty Between England and the Colonies , formally ended the American Revolutionary War
Louis XVI
the French king who gave money and troops to help the patriots
Parliament
the group of peopl who are elected to make a country's laws and discuss important national affairs
The Ohio river
The land where the English and French colonists were engaged in battle
Scoffelites & Joseph Scoffel
Basically a bandit. Known to operate in partnership with Indians, allies himself with runaway slaves, viewed as socially disruptive. Regulators form in SC to try and do something about people like Scoffel. Also very important because during the course of the revolution, anyone who's a loyalist in SC will be referred to as a Scoffelite. Why? This is what the British can't figure out because of pre-existing circumstances.
retreat to Boston
The Battle of Concord: After the brief battle, the British began to ________.
french generally had better relations with indian people because
actively sought allainces with them
KIng George the third
his opposition in pariliment had so many votes in ended the war with the american colonists. He was the king of britin during the revolution.
Declaration of the Causes and Necessities for Taking Up Arms
A declaration by the representatives of the united colonies of North America, now met in Congress at Philadelphia, setting forth the causes and necessity of their taking up arms." Our cause is just, our union is perfect"
The Stamp Act Congress decided to
boycott and protest the Stamp Act
Who was Crispus Attucks
a runaway slave who was the first person killed by British soldiers at the Boston massacre
commander in chief
A person who is in control of all the armed forces of a nation. George Washington commanded the Continental Army.
Anthony Wayne and Battle of Fallen Timbers
A General, nicknamed "Mad Anthony". Beat Northwest Indians at the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. Left British made arms on the fields of battle. After that the Treaty of Greenville in 1795 led to the Indians ceding their claims to a vast tract in the Ohio Country.
What is the name of the pamphlet that had considerable influence on the thinking of the colonists? ***
Common Sense is the pamphlet.
Significance of the Declaration of Independence
1. Outlined that all people have the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
2. People have the right to self-govern.
3. All men are created equal.
Describe the Olive Branch Petition. ***
it is a peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexinton and Concord
What is the tax on tea? Is it really that significant? why does it bother the colonists so much?
The colonists have to pay for every pound of tea. It's significant because the England still offers repression. It bothers the colonists because it is a silent reminder of England's control over them.
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