The Earth and Its Peoples vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Viet Minh
ho's army
the sacred book of Islam
10 km
the diameter of chixculub crater
James Hutton
father of modern geology, uniformitarianism
In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the economic process that led to industrialization, urbanization, the rise of a large and prosperous middle class, and heavy investment in education
united nations
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.
Front de Liberation National
Algerian revolutionary group
Gene Shoemaker
impact craters. ashes on the moon
Fair Game
if something suddenly happens survival of the fittest and natural selection doesn't matter
Muslims that believe that only direct descendants of Muhammad should become caliph
central Sudanese kingdom; sold many of the slaves it captured in war for firearms, yet retained many for themselves; the Bornu king Mai Ali is said to have made a pilgrimage to Mecca with an entourage of fifteen thousand slaves as a display of the kingdom's power
Slaves went through a period of adjustment to a new environment, resulted in death from disease.
Kwame Nkrumah
Leader of nonviolent protests for freedom on the Gold Coast. When independence was gained, he became the first prime minister of Ghana. He develpoped economic projects, but was criticized for spending too much time on Pan-African efforts, and neglecting his own countries' issues
David Raup
worked with sepkoski and decided that the extinction of dinosaurs was a cycle of mass extinctions that continuously occur every 26 million years
Field of Bullets
random extinct without regard to fitness
A follower of Islam, means "one who has submitted"
personalist leaders
Political leaders who rely on charisma and outside the authority of constitutions and laws.
iron curtain
Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West.
Bruce Bohor
found shocked quartz at the K/T site in the Hell Creek Formation
West Bijou Creek
very visible K/T boundary, above you see plants and below you see dinosaurs
atlantic circuit
from Europe south to Africa, the west to the Americas, the back to Europe. Traded European products to Africa in exchange for slaves, then slaves for plantation goods, and then sold plantation goods in Europe; goal was to make a profit on each leg of the trip
Third world
Term applied to a group of developing countries who professed nonalignment during the Cold War.
Mao Zedong
This man became the leader of the Chinese Communist Party and remained its leader until his death. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his life.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
an economic organization consisting primarily of Arab nations that controls the price of oil and the amount of oil its members produce and sell to other nations.
Women's Rights Convention
An 1848 gathering of women angered by their exclusion from an international antislavery meeting.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Mexican priest who led the first stage of the Mexican independence war in 1810
Which of the following does not describe the dutch west india company?
In contrast the Dutch West India company chartered by the Dutch government in 1621 to carry their conflict for Independence from Spain to Spain's overseas possession. Very successful (little bit navy, little bit trading company).
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