The Greek Theatre Flashcards

Terms Definitions
aerema
?
Hubris
pride
episodion
"action"
Anagnorisis
Understanding
melos
melody
Archaic
Retaining wall
apean
closing prayer
imitation
universal, archetypes
"tragoidia"
goat song
Euripides
wrote comodies
Theatron
seeing place
orchestra
dancing space
wrought
deeply strived
Golden Age
Drainage Ditch
Peripeteia
reversal of fortune
onkus
a high headpiece
Deuteragonist
second main actor
Tragos
means goat song
polis
sponsered by city
Skene
Very back of stage.
exodos
final scene of dialogue
Athens
where greek drama originated
prologue
play opens with this
dithyramb
ceremony of praising Dionysis
tragedy
literally means "goat song"
Sophocles: _____to _____ B.C.
496---406
Jocasta
this wife and mother
mechane
scenic device, a crane
foil
contrasting character to protagonist
Aeschylus
Second dramatist. Used two actors.
stasima
choral odes (alternated with episodes)
Chorus
Represented society; dancers, singers; spectacle
three great tragedians
aeschylus 525-456
sophocles 497-406
euripides 480,406
Archon
Oversaw preformances at City Dionysia
Thespis
First Actor, playwright, and director
Played different roles by changing masks
antistrophie
answers questions adds more details
intemperate
Immoderate, lacking in self-control; due to intoxicants
stichomythia
rapid conversation in which actors speak alternating back and forth quickly. Gives a sense of tension and urgency and heightens attentiveness.
opinion
Especially in comedies, the chorus represents the ___ of the playwright, often mocking public officials.
Paraskenion
for actors to enter and exit
persona
actors mask that contained voice boxes
Athenian Theatre
public land; orchestra; alter (thymele); skene; periaktoi; dues ex machane
Aristophanes
Old Comedy - spoofed current ideas
Mimesis
imitation, particularly of human life, through the dramatic arts.
Choregos
Producer of City Dionysia plays (funded a tetrology, 3 tragadies, 1 comedy)
Deus ex Machins
God from the machin
Tragic Realization
Accepts responsibility for the outcome
theatrom
veiwing place audience sat, carved into hill side
archetype
(in Jungian psychology) a collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., universally present in individual psyches.
honesty; community
Greek theatre proved life's basic problems with courageous ____ and was shared by the entire ____, thus being a right of everyone rather than a function for the few rich.
Who is Aeschylus?
Creator of Tragedy
added second actor
started trilogy
sophocles
introducing the 3rd actor, set the chorus to 15, and introduced scene painting.
Mnemonic for tragic Hero
-None Flying Sea-Horses danced
-N(ine)- Noble
-F(lying)- Flaw
-S(ea-horses)-Suffering
D(anced)-Disaster
proskenion
portion immediately in front of the skene was used as an acting area
Origins
Chanting and prayer; Song and dance; Storytelling/Reenactment
The performance (Oedipus) is supposed to be authentic in its use of...
Chorus, Masks
histrionics
exaggerated acting style so people in cheap seats could see
whose leadership in 5th century made theatre flourish
pericles
Ode
separated each scene; no curtain; also response to scene
Parados
a song that brought out the chorus
5th
The century Oedipus Rex was written and first performed
Dark colors were used for characters in ____
mourning
Harmatia
Fatal flaw of protagonist ie pride, naivety or power
Laius
the father of Oedipus that he killed
Scenic devices
periaktoi, mechane (Deus ex machina), ekkylema
***Special Effects***
Machina - crane that "flew" actors
hearth
an area near a fireplace (usually paved and extending out into a room)
Dramatic irony
The audience knows something that the character does not.
place, time, action
Three Unities of of Aristotle:
1) Unity of ____ - one setting only
2) Unity of _____ - the action takes place in one day
3) Unity of _____ - only one plot, no subplots
prosterneda
a wooden structure in front of the chest worn by an actor to play female roles
Music and Dance
- Musical accompaniment
- Dance was primarily expressive rhythmical movement
thymele
on the orchestra, an alter used for sacrifices to dionysus
Deus Ex Machina
God Machine, crane to lift actors
Apollo
(pg. 14) attempted to find cattle that was taken by Hermes in Sophocle's THE TRACKERS; the god of reason
Old Comedy
(16) all written by Aristophanes while Athens was in a war against Sparta; the first 9> ACHARNIANS, KNIGHTS, CLOUDS, WASPS, PEACE, BIRDS, LYSISTRATA, WOMEN @ THE THESMOPHORIA, FROGS
diazoma
aisle about 35 rows up separating 2 seating areas
The Furies
third play in the Oresteia Trilogy; tells the story of Orestes being chased throughout the world
stasimon
Choral passages, a type of lyric poem that reflects upon the episode
• Archon
government official who chose plays 11 months before the festival; would appoint chorags, produces for each of the playwrights
Messenger Speech
narration of a messenger of crucially important events that happened off stage
Sophocles characters are ___, ____, and __-
complex, strong, believable
The Lenaia
Wine festival held in January, in honour of Lenai female followers f Dionysus
Merope
the person that he believed was his mother
hamartia
error in judgement, leads to the fall of the hero
zeitgeist
spirit of the times, popular of the times
perversity
the state or quality of being wicked or corrupt
the chorus
What part of theatre came before the actual actors?
Theatre of Dionysus
first theatre; formed the blue print of later theatres; located in athens
periaktoi
3 sided piece of scenery spun to show 3 different locales
antistrophe
the song the chorus sang as they moved to the right
fear and pity
The emotions a tragedy should evoke, according to Aristotle
• Euripides
: most modern playwright. More use of realism
Actors income
Paid by the state and festivals were free
Verbal Irony
Word that appears to mean on thing really mean the opposite
capricious gods
strike us down when we're riding high. fickle, unpredictable
Aristophanes and Menander
We only have comedies from the City Dionysia remaining from 2 different authors. Who are these 2 authors?
progastreda
worn on the stomach by a male actor to play a female role
satyr play
small thing to be performed at end as 'comic relief'
• Tetralogy
: 4 plays (3 tragedies and a satyr plat) 3 tragedies usually had a moral theme connecting theme
All actors were ____ and no play used more than ____ actors
male; 3
performance of dithyrambs
What happened on Day 2 of the City Dionysia festival?
What was the function of the chorus?
represented society, provided advice, gave an opinion, heightened drama
The chorus adds ___, ____, and ___ as it sings and dances choral interludes between scenes
color, movement, and spectacle
What are the unities of tragedy?
1. Action: more than one actor, one complete story
2. Time: 1 day
3. Place: encourage spectator to contemplate action of play
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