The Odyssey Key Terms Flashcards

Terms Definitions
laurel
trees
mire
dirt
rancor
bitter
sage
wise
adversary
enemy; opponent
lavished
gave generously
veneration (90)
worship
zenith
highest point
adversitites
misfortune; hardship
peril
danger; risk
revelry
boisterious festivity
paltry
inferior, trashy
Tempestuous
turbulent, stormy
Hestia
God of Hearth
demur
hesitate or delay
assuage
v. to calm
Eris
goddess of discord
comely
pretty or attractie
king of Ithaca
Odysseus
homer
author of odyssey
Aeolia
island ruled by Aeolis
lament
feel/express sorrow or regret
ornate
rich in decorative detail
to suffice
to be enough
Hallowed
greatly respected; holy; sacred
Spent
worn out; extremely tired
beguile
to lead with deception
hermes
herald and messanger god.
endowment
n.- gift of nature
Melantho
Disloyal maid servant to Odysseus.
Contending
fighting or dealing with difficulty
plundered
robbed of goods by force
Skylla
sea monster with 6 heads
ardor
a feeling of strong eagerness
obstinate
adj- not easily influenced, controlled, or overcome
Parched
(adj) Hot, dry, or thirsty.
resplendent
(adj) brilliant; splendid in appearance; dazzling; glorious
malinger
exaggerate, to feign an illness
propriety
the quality of being suitable
avid
marked by active interest and enthusiasm
Phaiakians
Descendants of Poseidon, Ideal Homeric Society, they are "practically perfect in every way"(Mary Poppins) But not fully perfect, cockiness, challenge Odysseus to a game, Very proud peoples
prudent
wise and careful about practical matters
formidable
extremely impressive in strength or excellence, inspiring fear
Williest
adj. most crafty or sly; trickiest
numen
divine power, divine will, divine command (LATIN)
myth
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
Apollo
God of poetry, music, prophecy, medicine and archery
Carousal
(n.) noisy revelry or merrymaking (often with a suggestion of heavy drinking)
Lugger
A small fishing or coasting boat
Eurycleia
penelope's servant and odysseus' old nurse
Scylla
A horrendous monster with six heads extended on elongated necks
Alcinous' palace
luxurious and lush, king of Phaecians
cosmopolitian
free from nation predjuces or ideas; at home all ver the world
lavish
to give or bestow in abundance; shower
arbiter
a person selected to settle a dispute
Abject
brought low in condition or state; most miserable
Philitius
loyal cattle herder; helps defeat the suitors
ino
Sea nymph that saves Odysseus by giving him her veil.
Individual and Individual
Example: Odysseus against the Cyclops
sallied
a going forth, excursion, sudden start into activity
Odysseus
Son of Laertes and Antikleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemakhos. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero. Came up with the idea of the Trojan horse which led the Greeks to victory against Troy.
Sparta
Capital city of Lacedacemon, home of Menelaus and Helen
13. What happens to the disloyal maids after they clean the blood from the great hall?
hanged
Moor
To fix or secure in a particular place
Lotus Eaters
People who feed Odysseus's men lotus plants to make them forget their home (Ithaca).
stealth
noun the action of stealing or leaving a place undetected
Discord
God who causes a fight between the goddesses over who is the most beautifu
Who is Sirens?
Sea Nymphs whose beautiful and mysterious music lures sailors to steer their ships towards their death on dangerous rocks (Odysseus must tie himself up, his crew uses beeswax in ears)
dissemble
(v) to discuise or conceal behind a false appearance
Endow
to provide with a permanent fund or source of income
Argos
Odysseus' loyal dog who waits for his return before he dies
wrath
a high promontory in NW Scotland: most NW point on mainland.
oppressed
kept down by cruel or unjust use of power
The search for home
evident throughout the whole story. endures everything just to get home, no matter what the obstacle. ADD MORE
Thrinacia
island home to the cattle of the sun god, Helios; Odysseus tries to bypass it following Circe's warning, but his men insist on landing.
promise to help him
why does athena turn him into beggar
What does Circe do to Odysseus' men?
She turns them into pigs.
test of the bow
men had to shoot arrow through hole in an axe
would not be able to move stone door; be trapped inside
Why does Odysseus not kill Polyphemus when he first gets the oppurtunity?
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