The Odyssey Objective Test Flashcards

Terms Definitions
loyal swineherd
long narrative poem
what is athena's other name
Disgusting animal-like bachelors who raid the house of Telemachus like a "Wolf Pack". Ask for Penelope's hand in marriage.
a manipulative, deceitful suitor. eurymachus' charisma and duplicity allow him to exert some influence over suitors
people living on the southwestern coast of thrase, who were attacked by odysseus' men on their way home from troy
Odysseus' mother, she dies grieving her son's long absence and sees him only during his visit to the Land of the Dead.
One of the Cyclopes (uncivilized one-eyed giants) whose island Odysseus comes to soon after leaving Troy. Polyphemus imprisons Odysseus and his crew and tries to eat them, but Odysseus blinds him through a clever ruse and manages to escape. In doing so, however, Odysseus angers Polyphemus's father, Poseidon.
Nestor's youngest son, who befriends Telemachus when he lands on the shore of Pylos, and accompanies him to Sparta.
who is the author of the odyssey
odysseus told Alcinous, the king of phaeacia all of his stories while he stayed there before returning to ithaca
Odysseus's father, who resides on a farm in Ithaca. In despair and physical decline, Laertes regains his spirit when Odysseus returns and eventually kills Antinous's father.
Name that Odysseus gives to Polyphemus so that when the other cyclopians come over to see what the trouble is about, they think it was "noman" who did it and thus leave
town beggar; fights with odysseus over whether he or odysseus can beg in the hall
home of king nestor, telemachus goes here to seek his father
odysseus' son. an infant wen odysseus left for troy, telemachos is about twenty at the beginning of the story. he is a natural obstacle to the suitors desparately courting his mother, but despite his courage and good heart, he intially lacks the poise and confidence to oppose them. his maturation, especially during his trip to pylos and sparta in books 3 and 4, provides a subplot to the epic. athena oftens assists him.
a whirlpool in the straits of messina, personified as a female monster
An older man of Ithaca whose form Athena takes first to help Telemachus travel to Pylos and then to help Telemachus and Odysseus fight the suitors.
The actual Mentor takes over Ithaca after Odysseus leaves and lets the region fall into turmoil
The beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus when he lands on her island-home of Ogygia. Calypso holds him prisoner there for seven years until Hermes, the messenger god, persuades her to let him go.
Odysseus' home where his wife and son wait for his return as suiters raid their property
Wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. Her abduction from Sparta by the Trojans sparked the Trojan War. Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find his father.
King of gods and men, who mediates the disputes of the gods on Mount Olympus. Zeus is occasionally depicted as weighing men's fates in his scales. He sometimes helps Odysseus or permits Athena to do the same.
"The Old Man of the Sea" who is wrestled down by Menelaus. He can see the future and tells Menelaus what he must do to return home. He also tells him where Odysseus is (on Ogygia with Calypso) - something Menelaus tells Telemachus.
race of giants with a single eye in the middle of their forehead, in the Odyssey, they are shepherds on an island
how does the story begin
a prayer to a muse (god)
He is the pet dog of Odysseus who dies after recognizing his master.
how did odysseus escape circe's spells?
hermes told him to eat the plant called moly and then he lunged at her when she tried to sword him; she turns his men back to people again
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