The Odyssey Vocab Words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
vacuous
Empty
lamentations
crying
contemptible
despicable
herald
messenger
Bereft
deprived
benignly
kindly; gently
dispatched
finished quickly
ordained
predestined fate
azure
sky blue
dire
dreadful; terrible
purling
swirling; rippling
1. invocation
prayer
Disdainful
scornful; contemptuous
chide
to scold mildly
Apollo
god of archery
hallowed
adj. sacred, holy
brazen
shameless, insolent, disrespectful
straits
narrow water passages.
Eurymachus
Another main suitor
overweening
presumptuously conceited, overconfident or proud, excessive, arrogant
ignominious
shameful, dishonorable, disgraceful
circumspect
heedful of potential consequences
deplore
to regret deeply; unfortunate
Sardonic
sarcastic or skeptically humorous
suppliants
noun applicants, petitioners, suitors
Strumpet
A prostitute; a harlot
lithe
easily bent or flexible
Carrion
dead or decaying flesh.
stalwart
adj firm, resolute, strong
parley
a negotiation between enemies
travail
painfully difficult or burdensome work. Pain or suffering resulting from physical or mental hardships.
Calypso
beautiful goddess-nymph who keeps Odysseus on her island for seven years
Craggy
(adj) steeply rugged and rocky
The trojan's most famous warrior.
Hector
suppliant
humble plea to an authority
Insdent
Adj. Insultingly contemptuous in speech or conduct 2 bold imprudent
poseidon
carried out avenge of polyphemus
Prowling rocks
giant rocks nearly unaviodable
Dole
A person's lot or destiny
Protagonist
the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work
beggar
what does athena disguise odysseus as?
Sovereign
One that exercises supreme, permanent authority, especially in a nation or other governmental unit
The name Odysseus gives to cyclops
Noman
mortified
to cause to experience shame, humiliation, or wounded pride; humiliate
Buffets
(v) to strike against forcefully, batter
indifferent
without interest or concern; not caring; apathetic
Felicity
Intense happiness; a cause of happiness
nymph
(classical mythology) a minor nature goddess usually depicted as a beautiful maiden
iphigenia
daughter of agamemnon, she was sacrificed for the winds
Fortuitous
something that happens by accident or chance (for good)
Orestes
Agamemnon's son (used as an example from both Nestor and Menelaus to encourage Telemachus to continue searching for his father)
Helen
Queen of Sparta, wife of Menelaus, lover of Pairs, 'cause' of Trojan War
sage
having or exhibiting wisdom or wise judgement
Ogygia
island of Calypso, where Odysseus was held hostage
oblivion
the state of being disregarded or forgotten
Melanthuis
A goatherd who insults Odysseus when he is a beggar
guile
insidious cunning in attaining a goal; crafty or artful deception
before they mourned their dead companions the crew took..
an oath
Hector
be bossy towards, also a Trojan hero
Odysseus' homeland, to which he is many years in returning, is _______.
Ithaca
Scylla
Six-headed monster who devours six of Odysseus' men
founder
to cave in; sink; to fail utterly; collapse
Greeks value what?
courtesy and respect for everyone, courage discipline, home family, community law, obedience to the gods, and farming
Feign
to make a show or pretense of something
malice
desire to harm others or see others suffer, extreme ill will or spite
dissemble
verb, to give a false or misleading appearance; to conceal the truth or real nature of
a word group that can express a complete thought
clause
Tantalize
to torment someone by giving them the sight of something desired but knowing that they cannot attain it, to mock/ tease by arousing expectations that a repeatedly disappointed
restitution
(n) repayment; the act of making good for loss, damage, or injury
corsairs
a fast ship used for piracy; a pirate
artisan
a person skilled in an applied art, a craftspersons
Odysseus
King of Ithaca and hero of the Trojan war
ambrosia
Odysseus refuses to eat x when he is with Calypso
mast
large pole on a ship that holds the sails
Which war is this story based around?
The Trojan War
plunder
rob of goods by force, esp. in time of war
The Iliad is not named for its hero, Achilles, but who?
Ilium or Troy.
Why would Odysseus feel "Melancholy and post-war Disillusionment"?
Odysseus was a great soldier in the war, but his war record is not of interest to the monsters that populate the world of his wanderings, people implying things are different since he left
Incessant
uninterrupted
ardor
passion
deft
clever
mutinous
rebellious
languish
become feeble
Indomitable
unconquerable; unyielding
hermetic
sealed tightly
Stately
dignified, majestic
revel
make merry
doublet
close-fitting jacket
Reowned
Famous; widely known.
lament
a mournful poem
Profusion
large supply; abundance
woebegone
full of grief
contrived
thought up; devised
blanch
to grow pale
squander
to spend wastefully
pylos
Greek name of
plausible
seeming worthy of approval
avails
is of use; helps
broach
to start a discussion
nectar
drink of the gods
consent
permission to do something
Renowned
widely known and esteemed
Aloof
at a distance; unfriendly
Circe
Enchantress who helped Odysseus
blanched
(adjective, verb) paled; whitened
Maw
The mouth of an animal
Impalpable
Not perceptible to the touch
resolute
characterized by quickness and firmness
Wiliest
most crafty or sly; trickiest
elucidate
to make clear, to explain
Insatiable
not able to be satisfied
Polyphemus
Cheif monster of the Cyclops
Telemachus
Odysseus's timid but brave son
Hera
godes, wife and sister to Zeus
pungent
having a sharp, strong quality especially relating to smell
Nausicaa
The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. Nausicaa discovers Odysseus on the beach at Scheria and, out of budding affection for him, ensures his warm reception at her parents' palace.
evidence
proof, Supporting materials used to prove or disprove something
accolade
expression of strong approval or praise
assuage
to soothe, calm, make less severe
muse
to become absorbed in thought; especially : to turn something over in the mind meditatively and often inconclusively, any of the nine sister goddesses in Greek mythology presiding over song and poetry and the arts and sciences
From all who walk the earth our bards deserve
esteem and awe, for the __________ herself has taught them
paths of song. She loves the breed of harpers. (206-207)
Athena
is the goddess of civilization, wisdom, strength, strategy, craft, justice and skill in Greek mythology.
tribulation
distress or suffering resulting from persecution also a trying experience
begrudge
to give reluctantly. to envy a possession or one's enjoyment
blighted
destroyed or caused by decline or decay
infatuate
arouse unreasoning love or passion in and cause to behave in an irrational way
Menelaus
king of Sparta, husband of Helen, helped lead greeks in trojan war [red-haired, war-like]
fawned
to seek favor or attention by flattery
Helios
in early Greek mythology, the sun god.
Equerries
an officer charged with supervision of the horses belonging to a royal or noble household
Elpenor
Member of Odysseus's crew; dies when he falls asleep on a roof on Circe's island and falls off; asks for a proper funeral when he meets Odysseus in the Underworld (X, 574)
Ino
The goddess with the "lovely ankles" who helps Odysseus by giving him a scarf
Nestor
-The King of Pylos
-Telemachus goes to visit while searching for news of his father.
-Nestor provides another great example of good Greek hospitality; plying Telemachus with gifts, food, and even transportation to his next destination (Sparta).
-
hecatombs
A great public sacrifice, on a large scale
Who came up with the wooden horse trick?
Odysseus.
endure
with stand, withhold over a period of time to go through something that is difficult
Aegyptius
One of the chieftains of Ithaca who speaks at the Assembly in Book II
Teiresias
famous blind prophet from the city of Thebes. Odysseus meets him in the Land of the Dead
paris
it was prophesized he would be the downfall of Troy
Book 22
Odysseus wins the contest and returns to his normal body and kills all the suitors with his son and servants.
The god ___ is making sure Odysseus struggles the entire journey home.
Poseidon
Distaff
(noun) staff with a cleft end for holding wool, flax etc
(an) exile
noun, a person who is banished from his home or country
contention
the act of competing as for profit or a prize
Odysseus's bed
His and Penelope's secret. he built it himself around a live tree and only he, penelope, and penelope's servant Aktoris know about it
By informing Polyphemus his true name and the fact that he and his men have escaped, Odysseus clearly....
endangers his men
Eurycleia recognizes Odysseus when she sees this while washing his feet.
a scar on his leg
promontory
a peak of high land that juts out into a body of water. (n)
What are the suitors doing at Odysseus' house?
They are want to marry Penelope.
What is the code of hospitality?
A code of the greeks that states that they must be nice and provide for travelers that ask for help along the way.
lustrous
brilliant
chided
criticized
equity
fairness;impartiality;justice
tumult
commotion;uproar;confusion
sifting
scattering, seperating
rhapsodes
traveling poets
appalled
v. horrified
cunning
crafty, sly
Candor
honesty; frankness
counterfeit
fake: false
recoil
to spring back
buffeting
repeated heavy blows
bard
ancient Celtic poet
goddess of memory
Mnemosyne
Barren
bleak and lifeless
oblivious
(adj) forgetful; unaware
Singed
burned superficially or lightly
Potent
powerful, having strong effect
conspicuous
obvious, noticeable, attracting attention
shirk
berthto go stealthily, secretly
rancor
bitter hate; ill will
Philoetius
a servant of Odysseus
rejoice
to feel great joy
Laestrygonians
Legendary clan of cannibals
incredulity
Only Telemachus, uncomprehending, wild with ______, cried out:
chattels
movable article of personal property
Aegisthus
lover of Clytemnestra and co-conspirator in Agamemnon's murder
insidious (adj)
treacherous; sneakily dangerous; harmful but enticing
desecrate
to violate the sacredness of
craven
lacking the least bit courage
ponder
think about; to consider carefully.
elude
escape adroitly from, avoid cleverly
misgivings
(plural noun) concerns, worries, doubts about something
stratagem
a military maneuver designed to deceive or surprise an enemy
Brimming
to fill to the top, overflowing
Compassion
sympathetic pity and concern for others
adept
a highly skilled person; an expert
plundered
verb. to take goods by force
Prow
The bow (front) of a ship
heroic character traits
strength, courage, intelligence, bravery, perserverance, determination, etc.
what does odysseus mean?
king of ithaca
odium
general or widespread dislike or reprobation incurred by person or attaching to an action
audacity
boldness or daring, esp. with confident or arrogant disregard for personal safety, conventional thought, or other restrictions.
pacify
to ease the anger or agitation of
benefaction
an act intending or showing kindness and good will
ruddy
having any of numerous bright or strong colors reminiscent of the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies
Telemachos
odysseus son, handsome and loyal to father, often described as looking like a young god
Valor
Courage and boldness, as in battle; bravery
beached
washed up and lying on a beach
moor
(verb) to secure something, (often a ship) by attaching lines or anchors
gulie
insidious cunning in attaining a goal; crafty or artful deception
indignation
anger as a result of something unjust
stature
the natural height of a human or animal in an upright position
libations
a serving (of wine) poured out in honor of a deity/part of a ritual * the act of pouring a liquid offering as a religious ceremony * a beverage
Demodocus
Like the Homer of legend, a blind bard. He entertains Odysseus and the Phaeacians in the hall of Alcinous with his tale of Hephaestus' trapping of Ares, but only after making Odysseus weep with tales of Troy. Perhaps we can glimpse Homer at work in him.
Convey
to carry, bring, or take from one place to another; transport; bear.. communicate to send.
weaving
the ruse Penelpoe uses to trick the suitors
pine
to long, yearn, feel sad, wish for something
lair
the home or den of a wild animal, hideout
Book 12
The book where Odysseus, get past the sirens, his men get eaten by Scylla, and where his men eat the cattle and the sun god wants payment so Zeus sinks Odysseus's ship and he only surrives.
shroud
to cover as with a burial cloth or veil
Aiolos
Gives Odysseus a bag of the winds to help them get home. Odysseus's crew opens bag, so they can;t get home. Return to Aiolia Island, but Aiolos refuses to help a second time.
pommel
the knob on the end of the hilt of some swords or daggers
Never gave thanks
Why did the gods suddenly turn on Odysseus
how did Odysseus subdue the men who had eaten the Lotus
catch and tie them up
how did odysseus reveal his true self to eurycleia
she saw the scar on his foot
/ 215
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