The Odyssey Vocabulary Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sage
wise
stinted
limited
victuals
food
telemachus
son
Coped
Managed
stealth
quiet secret
dire
dreadful ;terrible
ponderous
great weight
tremulous
trembling; shaking
haggard
worn-out looking
squalid
morally degraded
vagabonds
homeless wanderers;beggars
Ignominious
disgraceful, dishonorable
Eumaeus
swineherd of Odysseus
Lampetia
tattle tale nymph
shuttle
instrument for weaving
patrimony
inheritance from father
Formidable
alarming; causing fear
Abate
Lessen the intensity
seer of Thebes
teiresias
Adversary
an opponent; enemy
Serene
peaceful or very calm
Broach
To start a discussion
Eminence
a state of prominence
hubris
pride that brings downfall
hallowed
adj. holy honor, sacred
alcinous
the king of phaeacians
appalled
filled with dismay; horrified
guile
treachery, deceit, cunning, craftiness, trickery
Sirens
singers who lure sailors
Calypso
sea goddess who loved Odysseus
haughty
arrogant, excessively proud and vain
Nereid
(n) Nymph daughters of Nereus
urge
to encourage, persuade, or convince
What is Odysseus's sons name?
Telemachos
claimants
person who makes a claim
pact
(n) an agreement; a contract
Helios
the Sun God (VII, 294)
Halistherses
Ithacan elder w/ prophetic powers
Salvo
a simultaneous discharge of artillery, bombs, stones, etc.
demur
to hesitate, to delay to object
placate
aiming to please or cheer up
Poseidon
despises Odysseus for killing his son(Cyclops Polyphemus)
Dismayed
struck with fear, dread, or consternation
seagirt
surrounded or enclosed by the sea
rhapsodes
"Singers of tales", were historians and entertainers as well as the myth makers of their time
Eurycleia
old nurse of telemachus and Odysseus
abominably
in an extremely unpleasant or disgusting manner
Cassandra
Trojan princess and prophetess; warns the Trojans of the dangers in the Trojan horse (XI, 436)
succumbed
yielded or submitted to an overpowering force
Insolent
(adj) boldly rude or disrespectful, insulting.
Improvisation
To make something up on the spot
Penelope and Telemachus complain that these men have slaughtered their livestock and drank their wine.
the suitors
in medias res
in the middle of things
half bird, half women with beautiful voices
sirens
snare
a trap; anything dangerous that tempts people
Circe
The goddess that turns Odysseus's men into animals
afraid
odysseus is taunted by Broadsea about being ____ for athletic contests
harpy
a ravenous filthy monster having a women's head and a bird's body
What keeps Odysessus from falling for Calypso or Circe
Penelope
whim
(n.) a sudden impulse or notion; fancy
Rhythm
the effect produced in a play, film, novel, etc., by the combination or arrangement of formal elements, as length of scenes, speech and description, timing, or recurrent themes, to create movement, tension, and emotional value in the development of the plot.
Tall tales
a humorous story that tells about exaggerated or impossible events
Discus
noun. sport of throwing a disc for distance.
vanquish
verb come out better in a competition, race, or conflict
hearthstone
a flat stone used to from a fireplace
fortuitous
something good or bad that happens by accident or chance
-Gorging (243):
to stuff with food to devour greedily
The men were able to trick Polyphemus because they gave him _______ to drink.
wine
Mythology
form of religion that existed back in the time of the Odyssey
Epic Tales
narrative featuring a hero on a quest; the hero is often assisted by a helper or enchanted object
fray
To wear away by rubbing / a noisy fight
Book 10
Aeolis puts the unfavorable winds in a bag and gives them to Odysseus. They get close to home but the crew opens the bag and the ship blows back to the Island
Hermis
He is the gods messenger. And he helps odysseus get past Circes tricks and saves him from Calypsos island.
runt
an animal that is small or stunted as compared with others of its kind.
Test of the Bow
Penelope created a test for the suitors when Odysseus failed to return home. The suitors had to string Odysseus's bow and shoot through 12 axe handles. (Impossible unless you are Odysseus)
book 12
there on a trip to an under world but they run into scylla and caharybdis and ship got damaged
What is the Cyclops doing when we first meet him?
milking the ewes and stoking fire
vaunt
boast
cyclops
scylla
charybdis
weird
destiny
mammoth
enormous
Mutinous
Disobedient
wile
cunning strategy
Timorous
fearful; timid
rashness
Acting hastily
plight
a struggle
Odysseus
King of Ithaca
anointed
rub with oil
furl
to roll up
rebuke
to scold sharply
dys
difficulty with something
clamor
to exclaim noisily
bemusing
stupefying or muddling
lacrimation
secretion of tears
plunder
goods taken by force
Beguile
To mislead or deprive
Turns men into pigs
Circe
Eumaues
swineherd and helps Odysseus
Beseech
(Verb)
To request earnestly: betreat
Indomitable
incapable of being subdued
not strict or rigorous
liberally
Penelope
circumspect wife of Odysseus
Barbarous
primitive in culture, uncivilized
gambol
to playfully skip or leap
Styx
(n) River in the Underworld
negotiated
succeeded in crossing climbing etc
loll
to demonstrate laziness or relaxation
Irk
to irritate, annoy, or exasperate
Leodes
suitor with prophetic gifts/soothsayer (XXI, 148)
Demodocus
blind singer of the Phaeacians
Bleating
the sound of sheep and goats
disdainful
(adj) scornful; regarding someone as beneath you
barren
not producing or incapable of producing offspring
Apollo
god of poetry, music, prophecy, medicine, and archery
ornate
adj: very elaborate and complicated, embellished
embittered
feeling of despair because of misfortune
aslant
having an oblique or slanted direction
epithet
brief descriptive phrase that gives character traits
hecatombs
ancient greek sacrifice of 100 cattle
Artemis
Virgin goddess of hunting, wilderness, and wild animals
communal
pertaining to a group or community
Clarion
a medieval brass instrument with a clear shrill tone
Odysseus spends seven years with this beautiful nymph.
Calypso
retainers
a servant or attendant, especially one in the household of a person of high rank
heralds
bringer of news, somebody who brings or announces
Candor
the quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech
Nausicaa
The daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians.
Athena
When Odysseus and Telemachus plan the slaughter of the suitors, Odysseus says that two gods/goddesses will be on their side. Name one.
to Lavish
to give or spend very freely
Homer
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
indifferent
(adj.) having no interest in or concern for
restitution
the act of restoring someone or something to the rightful owner or to a former state or position; making good on a loss or damage
Argos
a dog that Odysseus trained before leaving for Troy
Lament
to mourn or express sorrow in a demonstrative behavior
Subtle
Fine or delicate in meaning or intent; difficult to perceive or understand.
forsake
to quit or leave entirely; to depart or to withdraw from
Phaecia
the phaecians gave odysseus a boat to travel home. phaecia is ruled by Alchinious
trudge
noun a long difficult walk; verb walk heavily and firmly, as when weary, or through mud
Lotus Eaters
people who feed Odysseus's men lotus plants to make them forget Ithaca
Smithy
the shop of a blacksmith, a forge where metal is heated
Larder
a small storeroom for storing foods or wines
The Contest
to pick Penelope's husband line up heads of axes and shoot arrow through heads
dismembered
to cut, tear, or pull off the limbs of
a jeweled crown or headband worn as a symbol of sovereignty
Diadem
flotilla
a group of small naval vessels, esp. a naval unit containing two or more squadrons.
Qualities of an Epic Hero
* Imposing physical and social stature
* Values glory and honor
* Succeeds in war and adventure *Accepts challenges and sometimes invites problems
* Makes rash decisions and takes unnecessary risks Meets monsters and temptations *Achieves goal
They'll jump overboard and drown
Why mustn't Odysseus' men listen to the song of the Sirens?
how long did the trojan war last?
10 years in the city of troy
dikrn
drink
vivacity
liveliness
scourge
suffering
daunting
intimidating
maelstrom
whirlpool
poignant
emotionally moving
chimerical
unreal; imaginary
Ardor
passion; enthusiasm
Gravity
seriousness, importance
incessant
without interruption
assuage
calm; pacify
Ogygia
Calypso's island
lucid
clear, esp. clear-thinking
coax
verb to encourage
progression
progress; forward movement
squall
brief violent storm
supplication
humble requests; prayers
disconsolate
sad beyond comforting
oblation
offering of a sacrifice
adorn
add beauty to; decorate
fret
a blob or piece
bored
made a hole in
Argive
another term for Greek
deftly
(adverb)(adj.) dexterous; nimble; skillful; clever.
Bob is a ______ mechanic, and he _________ fixed the ancient car.
Charybdis
Enormous and dangerous whirlpool
accrued
to accumulate over time
Bellwether
A person who assumes leadership
Ultimatum
A final statement of terms
Contrive
To create or bring about
Indignity(n.)
injury to a persons dignity
Dwindle
to become gradually less; diminish
archaic
antiquated, old, out of use
Theoclymenus
Seer descended from prophets. Accompanies Telemachus on journey home and interprets sign of hawk with eagle in its mouth
endow
give qualities or abilities to
Autolycus
"the wolf himself", father of Anticleia, maternal grandfather of Odysseus
true
During a traditional hero's journey, the hero will be tempted to abandon his quest
Hermes
Messenger and herald of the gods
unguent
an ointment for wounds or sores
egocentric
interested only in one's own activities or needs; self- centered
Mortified
(adj.) made to feel uncomfortable because of shame or wounded pride
vengeance
a need or desire for revenge
Myth
A traditional story accepted as history.
book 21
The test of the bow
revered
to regard with awe and devotion
affliction
n. the cause of pain and distress
portent
a sign of something about to happen
arete
queen of the phaeacians, wife of alcinous, mother of nausicca, favored by the gods
Agamemnon
commander of the Greeks during the Trojan War
Brazen
resembling brass, as in color ot strength
Nestor
king of Pylos; Telemachus consults him for advice when on his voyage (I, 302)
Tiresias
The blind prophet of the Underworld who is visited by Odysseus
Amphinomous
-The "good suitor"
-Penelope seems to recognize this, as does Odysseus; he even goes so far as to warn Amphinomous to get out before the slaughter
-Unfortunately, Athene wants everyone to die. So that's that.
bard
a poet who recites epics, in a particular oral fashion
King Menelaus
King of Sparta. Becomes friends w/ Paris and invited him to Sparta. His father died in Crete and when he left to his funeral of Helen (his wife) Ran Away.
yearned noun
to have a strong desire or longing
Mentor
A faithful friend of Odysseus who was left behind on Ithaca as the tutor of Telemakhos; he is wise, sober, and loyal
Homeric Simile
a simile developed over several lines of verse, esp. one used in an epic poem.
Which god tells Calypso she must let Odysseus leave?
Hermes
Bellow
Give a large roar, usually in pain or anger
menial
of or relating to servants : lowly
2: appropriate to a servant : humble, servile <answered in menial tones> b : lacking interest or dignity
Antinous
one of the Greek suitors who has moved into Ody's house and tries to take his wife
What is NOT a heroic quality of an epic hero?
pride
Alcinous and Arete
King and Queen of an island that Odysseus visits - hospitable
hearth
an area (as of brick) in front of a fireplace or the floor of a fireplace
Why was Antinous selected first?
He was the leader and mocked Odysseus the most.
"In medias res" in the middle
when a story begins in the middle of things and some flashbacks or other way of getting background needed.
indignation
anger
adjective
disconsolate
evanescent
adj.
mysterious
confronting
bereft
deprived
Upbraiding
Severely reproachful
indulgence
being permissive
no fame
akeos
Aeaean Island
Circe's island
vile
evil ; disgusting
Daub
Noun
an unskillful painting
coddle
to treat tenderly
lithe
bending easily, limber
civility
manners; civilized ways
Wily
tricky or sly
stake
spear; sharp pole
venison
The flesh of deer
shun
to keep away from
cower
show submission or fear
dispatched
sent off or away
rustic
relating to the country
pondered
considered carefully; thought over
Chaos
great disorder or confusion
woo
to seek affection of
contending
striving in battle or controversy
skirmish
a minor conflict or dispute
forlorn
adjective. hopeless, lonely, dreary, miserable
flourish
to thrive, to grow well
tribal
pertaining only to a tribe
revile
to speak/speak of abusively verb
Agisthos
Kills Agamemnon to claim his kingdom
girth
a measure around the body (n)
roving
traveling about without any clear destination
buffeting
to strike repeatedly and violently; batter
travail
work, especially when arduous or involving painful effort; toil
lout
an awkward, stupid person; clumsy, ill-mannered boor; oaf.
Teiresias
Theban prophet in the underworld, He shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithaca and allows Odysseus to communicate with the other souls in Hades.
Repetition
The action of repeating something that has already been said or written
Where is Odysseus while the sacrifice is happening?
asleep
dumbfounded
adj to confound briefly and usually with astonishment
Provender
One who provides supplies, esp. food for humans
Ithaca
Odysseus is enchanted by the goddess X, so he does not recognize his own land
back to his family
Where is Odysseus' going?
Hyperion
Sun God, Odysseus' crew eats his cattle and are punished by Zeus
filigree
n. delicate ornamental work of gold and silver in intricate patterns
charlatan
someone who pretends they have a specific skill, or knowledge. a fraud.
cunning
marked by or given to artful subtlety and deceptiveness
Ino
daughter of codmus, used to be a mortal, gives odysseus a veil to stay afloat in the ocean
Conciliate
To reconcile, to pacify, to renew a freindship
stock epithet
a term used to repeatly to characterize a person or a thing
homeric
suggestive of Homer or his poetry; of heroic dimensions; grand; imposing
16. Coax
to attempt to influence by gentle persuasion, flattery, etc.
stature
natural height of a person or animal in an upright position
Tantalus
Legendary figure who tried to feed his son to the gods; punished in underworld to eternal temptation of hunger and thirst
Lotus- eaters
people who thrive on the lotus plant, makes them want to stay
Irus
A cowardly bully who is a beggar on Ithaca and a favorite of many of the suitors
peisistratus
the gallant young son of nestor, he is the companion of telemakhos on his journey through the peloponnesus
our characteristics of a hero
-takes a personal risk
-understands the magnitude of the problem
-puts other's safety before his/her own
-accomplishes something extraordinary
-performs a task not just for his/her benefit
-produces a net benefit for society
-takes on the challenge by his/her own volition
Irony of Teiresias
Blind prophet, see is blind and cant really see into future.
How does Odysseus prove his strength and shame the suitors?
By stringing and shooting a bow
wine, meat, 20 oxen, and gifts of bronze and gold.
after antinous' death, what do the suitors offer odysseus if he will spare their lives?
obstinacy
stubbornness
plagued
tormented
lavish
extravagant
mettle
courage
magnanimous
generous, noble
mundane
ordinary, commonplace
ruddy
red, reddish
Eurynme
Penelope's houskeeper
Borne
endure, carry
Tranquil
calm, quiet, peaceful
illustrious
notably outstanding, famous
adversities
great misfortunues; hardships
implacable
impossible to placate
Artful
skillful, clever, tricky
plead; ask earnestly
entreat
Tempest
A violent windstorm
overweening
(adj) presumptuously overconfident, brash, or proud; excessively arrogant
Zeus
god of the heaven.
sere
being dried and withered
Insidious
stealthily treacherous or deceitful
prophecy
noun- fortelling or prediction
throes
violent pangs of suffering
staunchly
(adverb) firm, steadfast, strong
alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds
guileful
full of treachery and cunning
harbor
to give shelter or refuge
glowered epic
v. glared; stared angrily
Surfeit
fed or supplied to excess
entreat
(v) to ask; to beg
Maw
The jaw of an animal.
oracle
a divide communication; someone or sothing that can predict the future
prudent
wise and careful about practical matters
guide figure
leads another character towards completion
Intuition
instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes)
an impression that something might be the case; "he had an intuition that something had gone wrong"
profusion
the property of being extremely abundant
Brood
(v) to think deeply about something that makes someone unhappy
Scrimp
To handle economically, to be sparing or restrictive
Proteus
Servant to Poseidon, sea nymph, father of Idothea, can only tell the truth, knows how to get home
venerate
regard with feelings of respect and reverence
Wane
to decrease in size, extent, or degree; to abate
Contend
compete for something; to strive or vie in contest or rivalry or against difficulties
congenial
having the same nature, disposition or tastes, kindred, pleasant
Nostos
the return; homecoming (this is a major theme of the epic)
Antiphates
- king of Laestrygonians
- son of Melampus
- father of Oicles
exultant
joyful and proud especially because of triumph or success
baldric
a belt worn over the shoulder to support a sword
tyro
to be a beginner or novice (wild sex)
shroud
burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped
Epic Hero
Usually male, larger than life, nation hero
hecatomb
(in ancient Greece and Rome) a public sacrifice of 100 oxen to the gods.
The Scapegoat
thing whose death in a public ceramony expiates some taint or sin that has been visited upon a community their death often makes them more powerful then while alive
Teiresias of Thebes
The blind prophet Odysseys meets in the Underworld
son of Zeus and Hera, god of war, lover of Aphrodite
Ares
Polyphemus
a Cyclops who is the son of Poseidon. At one point he imprisons Odysseus
Loyalty example...
His men want to turn around but they have to stay loyal to Odysseus
to infuse
to put one thing into another so as to affect it throughout
WHAT DOES ACOLUS CREATE
HE CREATES A HELPFUL WIND INTO A BAY. THE CREW THINKS THE GAG IS FULL OF TREASURE AND TRIES TO OPEN IT. THE "EVIL' WIND BLOWS OUT AND PUSHES THE SHIPS BACK TO ACOHLA
Who is the beggar Penelope summons and why does she want to talk to him?
Odysseus, she wants to talk to him because she admires him
perilous
dangerous
eurymachus
suitor.
noun
free will
profusion (n)
alot
contempt
scorn, disdain
Abyss
Bottomless pit.
contender
a fighter
cleft
divided, split, separated
foiled
frustrated, baffled, defeated
tumult
commotion; uproar; confusion
ordains
ordes by virtue
blanch
(v.) to grow pale
Circe is Odysseus's mother
False
desolate
dreary, dismal, gloomy, barren
treachery
betrayal of a trust
Sparta
Capital city of Lacedaemon
vex
v; to disturb, trouble
furrow
to make wrinkles or grooves
Ambuscade
An ambush; a stealthy attack
gullets
the esophagus, throat or pharynx
lolling
lying in a relaxed manner
baleful
Full of deadly or pernicious influence; deadly, sinister.
Cicones
people living on the southwestern coast of Thrace, who battled Odysseus and his men on their journey home.
obsequious
overly attentive, like a sycophant, servile
plundered
wrongfully emptied or stripped of anything of value
Relent
To become more lenient, compassionate, or forgiving
Who was Argos?
Odysseus' faithful hunting dog.
poetry
rhythmic, composed language that uses imaginary and figurative language to appear to reader's emotions and imaginations
Klytaimnestra
Murderous wife of Agamemnon; lover of Aigisthos.
Eumaios
swineherd, gave guest law to O, loyal
Sap
(v) To weaken exhaust, (n) vigor energetic
Thrinacia
Cattle of the sun god happened here
Harangued
A long pompous speech, especially one delivered before a gathering
Athena/nike
Daughter of Zeus and goddess of wisdom, purposeful battle, and the womanly arts. Athena assists Odysseus and Telemachus with divine powers throughout the epic, and she speaks up for them in the councils of the gods on Mount Olympus. She often appears in disguise as Mentor, an old friend of Odysseus
son of peleus, greatest of the Achaeans
achiless
Scylla
6-headed monster who eats six of Odysseus' men; twelve feet, three rows of black teeth; Odysseus passes her a second time and escapes with the help of Zeus; immortal
ANTHROPOCENTRISM
considering human beings as the most important entity; and because of that, you interpret the world through human nature
Aphrodite
the goddess of love; was chosen by Paris as the most beautiful woman; on the side of Troy in the Trojan War
seething
overflowing with anger or in a state of agitation
Melanthius
The chief goatherd of Odysseus. In his mater's absence he has ignored his duty and has ingratiated himself with the suitors by catering to their whims.
maron
priest of apollo, spared in the sack of ismarus. give odysseus and his companions 12 amphorae of wine
Helen
Wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. Helen's abduction from Sparta by the Trojans sparked the Trojan War. Her beauty is without parallel, but she is criticized for giving in to her Trojan captors and thereby costing many Greek men their lives. She offers Telemachus assistance in his quest to find his father.
Epic
A long narrative poem that tells the deeds of a hero
Mortal
Subject to death, or unable to live forever.
Verbal Irony
a discrepancy between what is said and what is really meant, sarcasm
Nohbody
Who does Odysseus say his name is to fool Polythemus?
hawser
a cable or rope used in mooring a ship
The Underworld
The point of the abyss in the heroes journey
What happens to Antinous?
he dies by getting stabbed in the head, Odysseus killed him
He dashes two men's brains out and eats them
How does the cylclopes show "hospitality"?
Why was it significant that the cyclopes brought the rams inside the cave for the night?
The rams were used by Odysseus and his men to escape fom the cyclops' cave
/ 384
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