The Progressive Era Words Flashcards

Terms Definitions
16th Amendment
Income Tax.
the right to vote
People can overturn existing laws.
favoring or advocating progress, change, improvement, or reform, as opposed to wishing to maintain things as they are, esp. in political matters:
Theodore Roosevelt
became president after McKinley's assassination, born wealthy, was Gov. of NY, very popular, could speak for people
Collective Bargaining
Negotiations between "management" and "union representatives" about pay and conditions of employment on behalf of all workers in the union.
Carry Nation
United States prohibitionist who raided saloons and destroyed bottles of liquor with a hatchet (1846-1911)
Spoils System
Awarding friends, family, and political supporters with government jobs.
Banning the manufacture, sale, and possession of alocholic beverages.
susan b anthony
U.S. reformer and suffragist.
an economic system in which the government owns the basic means of production, distributes the products and wages, and provides social services such as health care and welfare
Edward Bellamy
Author of "Looking Backwards," which describes "Pod-style living," where families live in communal pods with a central kitchen. Predicts superstores.
Socialist Party
People who support community ownership of property and the sharing of all profits
Upton Sinclair
writer- targeted the meat packing industry, focused the abusive work conditions, resulted in public outrage which caused government to pass Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act
Lucretia Mott
Reformer who worked for women's suffrage
Jane Addams
Created Hull House, settlement house for immigrants in Chicago. Offered education, food, money to poor immigrants.
Theodore Roosevelt
President during the progressive era who did everything to please the American people; very active (loved hunting).
a procedure by which a specified number of voters may propose a statute, constitutional amendment, or ordinance, and compel a popular vote on its adoption.
The movement in the late 1800s to regulate industry and end corruption in government and business. Also promoted the equal rights of women and other groups
Dollar Diplomacy
Requires a big military and states that foreign policy will protect Americans in world markets.
The Jungle
Book written by Upton Sinclair that exposes the unsafe practices of the food industry.
Child Labor
Business owners used this kind of labor because they could spend less on their salaries, children were younger than the law required and didn't go to school
Booker T. Washington
African-American leader who worked for equal rights for blacks. Started the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama to help blacks learn trades.
18th Amendment
1. 1920 Banned the manufacturing, sale, and transportation of liquor in the United States
2. Brought about by Women's Christian Termperance Union, another example of pervasive activism
to search for and expose real or alleged corruption, scandal, or the like, esp. in politics.
Charlotte Perkins Gillman
Author of "Women and Economics," and argued that women were forced to be dependent on men. Also said that they were isolated with kids, and therefore unable to get jobs. She uses Bellamy's pods and Willard's Technical School idea to solve this dilemma, having women take shifts in the pods on who babysits and who goes to work.
Direct Primaries
The voters directly select who will be the candidate for a specific election.
Third Party
a party that challenges the two major parties
Seneca Falls Convention
The first women's rights convention in the U.S.A. Held in Seneca Falls NY 1848.
The New Freedom
The platform of Wilson in the 1912 election, based around three types of reform: Tariff, Business, and Banking.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Law passed in 1890 that made it illegal for corporations to gain control of industries by forming trusts.
"Mother Mary Jones"
Union leader who worked to end child labor and pushed for mandatory public education for children.
1904 National Child Labor Committee
Their mission was to promote "the rights, awareness, dignity, well-being and education of children and youth as they relate to work and working."
What does referendum mean?
gives voters the chance to accept or reject measures that the state legislature enacts
The Pure Food and Drug Act
Law makes companies list all ingredients in food or medicines on the package / label.
Civil Service Act (Pendelton Act)
Civil Service tests must be taken for government jobs. Applicants ranked by score. Ends the spoils system.
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