the soviet union Flashcards

Terms Definitions
brezhnev
restalinization
Pravada
"Truth" communist party newspaper
1953
developped first hydrogen bomb
krushchev 1950
supported destalinization which encouraged resistance in satellites (hungary, poland, yugoslavia). unsuccessful dude
Great Purge
Eliminating anyone who threatened Stalin's power
The NEP tolerated private enterprise in
farming
Gosplan oversaw:
the expansion of the soviet bureaucracy
alexander solzhenitsyn
expelled from Russia for describing the horrors of labor camps (particularly gulag in archipelago), and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
Bela Kun
He failed to establish a permanent Communist government in Hungary
Rapallo agreement
Treaty between Germany and the Soviet Union. The nations agreed to cancel all financial claims against each other, and the treaty strengthened their economic and military ties
boris pasternak
author of Dr. Zhivago, a novel condemning the brutality of the Stalin era.
"socialism in one country"
Stalin's concept of Russian communism based solely on the Soviet Union rather than the Leninist concept of international revolution by cutting off the Soviet Union from other economies
Most of the peasants who left their villages to move to Soviet cities in the early 1930s were:
young men
The inhabitants of Soviet cities in the 1930s faced shortages of all of the following:
housing, food, clothing, public transportation
cuban missile crisis 1962
soviets put missiles in cuba to put pressure on america but withdrew shortly after
Cheka
Secret police
1949
testing first atomic bomb
Comintern
(The Third International) founded by Lenin to spread revolution throughout the world
Sputnik 1957
first artificial earth satellite launched
Collectivization
system in which private farms were eliminated, instead, the government owned all the land while the peasants worked on it.
gulag
a Russian prison camp for political prisoners
Sergei kirov
A Political opponent of Stalin's who was executed for being more popular that Stalin
Proletariat
the class of wage earners, esp. those who earn their living by manual labor or who are dependent for support on daily or casual employment; the working class
five year plan
the government made all the economic decisions and set ambitious goals
brezhnev doctrine
stated the the ussr had the right to intervene in the internal affairs of any satellite nation if communism was threatened
Internal opposition to Stalin was generate by
his decision to industrialize rapidly, reversal of Comintern policy, decision to move against the peasants, policy of collectivization
The Bolsheviks enacted laws with all of the following effects:
Divorce = easier, marriage wasnt a religious ceremony, women grained protection in the workplace, abortions were legalized
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