Theatre History - Quiz 2 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
sea battles
dream plays
roman scene house
The Seagull
(Anton) Chekhov
thick soled shoes
voicing thoughts out loud
Considered the first sociologist
IN traditional proscenium-arch theatres, the undivided seating area cut into the walls of the building.
papal decree establishing corpus christi
st peter
carried keys of heaven
Miracle plays
Europe, plays about jesus/saints/martyrs, 13-16th ct.
french melodramatic playwright "I write for people who cannot read"
shift focus from:
*spectating to co-creating
*product to process
*message to experience
Stanislavski System
Constantin Stanislavski's techniques and theories about acting, which promote a naturalistic style stressing (among other things) "inner truth" as opposed to conventional theatricality.
Illusion of depth in painting.
when the chorus moves left
manor- large estate owner absolute power
young lovers had notebooks of contempary poetry and would say it to each other during the performance to let the audience know? true or false
Golden Globes
*Best Restoration Actor: Thomas Betterton
*Best Actor in 1st 1/3 of 1700s: Colley Cibber
*1740s-1776: David Garrick dominated English stage
Antonin Artaud
Pioneered Theatre of Cruelty. Originally associated with surrealism, influenced by Asian theatre and style. Suffered from mental disorder. Experimented with drugs.
Sam Shepard
*"buried child" & "true west"
-escape/deny past
-cowboy + west am myths
-family as battleground
*empty dream/insubstantial reality
Enactment of relationships with a specific purpose to accomplish. Elements including posture movement dance mask, music,scenarios,time,place.
Edward Bond
wants plays to each, Marxist
The greatest and first Japanese playwright.
Private theatres
Indoor theatres in English Renaissance.
Public theatres
Outdoor theatres in English Renaissance.
Tension between two or more characters, leading to a crisis or a climax.
Eugene Ionesco
-Focuses on deadening nature of middle-class materialist society
-Isolation of individual
("English", "English", "English")
-2nd phase: focus on protagonists who refuse to conform
RHINOCEROS (1960) - Absurdist
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
gifts that save
knowledge, good deeds, confession (keep grinding coffee)
after apprenticeship a man was voted into the guild and started working for pay for his labor
Teatro Olimpico
first and oldest italian reniassance theatre built in 1584 it was a permenant indoor theatre that had perspecitve built into it, realized only could use theatre for greek/roman plays, anything else is was useless
The Rover
Restoration comedy by Behn, England, 17th c.
Morality plays
15-16th ct. medieval plays with allegorical characters
William Wycherley
an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for the plays The Country Wife and The Plain Dealer. William Wycherley may have coined the expression "nincompoop" (certainly, the word occurs in The Plain Dealer). The Oxford English Dictionary also cites Wycherley as the first user of the phrase "happy-go-lucky", in 1672.
Serious Plays (english)
*wrote Neoclassical versions of Shakespeare
*Tate's 'King Lear'
*Dryden's "All For Love" = 'Antony & Cleopatra'
Vsevelod Meyerhold
Prominent for his antirealist and symbolist dramas. Responsible for "avant-garde" theatre. Also known for a "director's" theatre. Used spaces that were not originally intended for theatre to stage his productions. Wanted to shatter the "forth wall" convention. Know as a theatricalist. Devised an acting system known as biomechanics.
*takes of in 1950s
*plays of more artistic quality
*break away from proscenium staging
*Circle in the Square: reviving plays
people from central Asia who migrated to the Indus River Valley
Bolshevik Revolution
The overthrow of Russia's Provisional Government in the fall of 1917 by Lenin and his Bolshevik forces, made possible by the government's continuing defeat in the war, its failure to bring political reform, and a further decline in the conditions of everyday life.
By Filippo Tommaso. He glorified the speed and energy of the machine age. Sought to replace old art forms with new ones. (Collage, kinetic sculpture and bruitisme (Noise music)). Liked jugglers, dancers, gymnasts, and like b/c of its dynamics energy and audience involvement. Proposed to replace existing darama w/ a syntheitc drama that would compress into a moment or two the essence of a full-length play. Lost appeal during ww1 b/c it praised war.
was the only roman playwright who wrote tradgedies
Which individual or group is considered to have the most influenced design in Italy?
Bibiena Family
School drama
In the English Renaissance, plays written at the universities and presented at schools rather than to the general public.
Fourth-wall convention
Pretense that in a proscenium-arch theatre the audience is looking into a room through an invisible fourth wall.
scenery painted and placed against the skene
cycle plays names
n-town, york, chester, wakefield (New York cheesecake wow!)
began with Caesar Augustus in 27 BC
Roman empire
medieval time
god time- eternal... god, satin, and soul live in eternity
mans time- limited
all time on earth is spent trying to get to gods time, earthly time is not relevant. ex. play on moses, moses would be wearing medieval clothes because he lives in eternal time
Italian renaissance
1450-1650 AD, after middle ages and before the renaissance. rise of kings. hierarchy system of dukedoms and principalities. find more text and info on romans and greeks. merchant class grows and becomes wealthy, has lots of leisure time and spends it on artists. not great dramatic theatre because people not drawn to theatre
In "Shakespeare in Love" for what role does Gwyneth Paltrow's character audition to play?
Inner/below door
middle door were eves dropping and discovery takes place and is controversial because it is not seen in De Witt drawing
neo classic ideals
itallian renaissance, new way of looking at old rules. greek and roman plays became models ex. aristotle and horace. prescriptive meaning rules
Christopher Marlowe
UK, Late 16th ct., Author of Elizabethan tragedies, wrote Dr. Faustus
Thomas Killigrew:
an early English dramatist, and friend of Charles II; before the Restoration, he fled with Charles II, and upon his return was given high standing in the new Restoration society. He is well known as a playwright, as well as one of the most succesful theatre owners and stage managers. Unfortunately, many saw him as "incompetent" and he was rumored to have bribed actors to stay in productions. He died in 1683, being well known in England and of high standing in society.
Performance Conditions: General
*the evening's bill: music, play, circus-like entre-acte, after piece
*theatre continually increases in popularity
*trend: larger companies/more carefully mounted productions
Theatre of Cruelty
Pioneered by Antonin Artaud. Theatre was a sensory experience. Believed that viewer's senses should be bombarded. Argued that productions could be staged in "found spaces". Meant to cleanse modern society of all that was ugly.
"the pit"
Where all of the servants, soldiers, and tradesmen sat in the theater house
Tristan Tzara
Artist from Romania, into poetry and philosophy, Avant-garde, which mean experimental, (using poetry all by chance), chance words on the website, also did some dreamlike work (clocks melting, etc...), French poet (born in Romania) who was one of the cofounders of the Dada movement (1896-1963)
The field of research that looks for answers to how chemistry and physics affect basic biological characteristics such as size and shape
Set of literary works believed to be universally accepted as important and historically significant.
Restoration drama
English drama after the restoration of the monarchy, from 1660 to 1700.
Jean Genet
Reality = a set of ritualized relationships: all values are arbitrary (based on personal choice or personal whim rather than reason or system)
-Characters in his plays often wear disguises, take them off, another character underneath.
-Nothing has meaning w/out its opposite
THE BALCONY (1957): Impersonators in Brothel - w/mirrors to see characters they're acting out
What kind of critic evolved in the neoclassical period?
as a Roman playwright of the Old Latin period. His comedies are the earliest surviving intact works in Latin literature. He wrote Palliata comoedia genre that adapted from Greek models for a Roman audience, and are often based directly on the works of the Greek playwrights. He reworked the Greek texts to give them a flavour that would appeal to the local Roman audiences
Carlo Gozzi
was an Italian playwright in the 18th century. His play "The love of three oranges" was a parody of the manner of other popular Italian poets (including Goldoni), founded on a fairytale. It became so popular he wrote many more.
the Abydos passion play
Based in Osiris's resurrection, osiris gets killed by his brother, set, and then his wife, isis, finds him. then she hides him in a bush and goes home to get the necessary items to bring him back to life. while shes gone, set finds the hidden body and cuts him into 14 pieces. isis goes in search of said pieces; but, only finds 13. the missing piece, she then creates a golden copy of and brings osiris back to life for less than one hour and they procreate a son
Who was the founder and manager of Chestnut Street Theatre?
Thomas Wignell
In Greek Old Comedy, a scene in which the chorus directly addressed the audience members and made fun of them.
Vengence Theme
made it an obligation to avenge a wrong done to ones family
De Witt drawing
The drawing of the Swan theater we studied in class is know as the
The Vicor of Wakefield
A novel written by Oliver Goldsmith. It is known as 'one of the most popular and widely read 18th-century novels among Victorians'. 'It is often described as a sentimental novel, which displays the belief in the innate goodness of human beings.' It is used as an analogy between itself and the book of Job.
Arthur Miller's theme
ease with which people are led astray thru false (materialistic, selfish) values; society is source of false values, but individual is responsible for choices and correcting society
Stationary staging
In the Middle Ages, a form of staging popular on the European continent. A series of small scenic mansions were set up side by side, usually in conjunction with a large platform stage, so that all the plays of a cycle could be presented in one location.
Lord chamberlain's men in 1594
What was the name of Shakespeare's acting company when he first joined
What set off the popularization engravings of classical ruins?
The rediscovery of Herculecum and Pompei
rhymed couplet
used at the end of a scene to let the audience know the scene is over
Part of the landed gentry in Stratford
At the end of his life Shakespeare was
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