TYPES OF GOVERNMENT TEST Flashcards

Terms Definitions
anarchy
no government
Monarchy
Absolutism; Representative; Constitutional Monarchy
Confederacy Example
US Confederacy
Confederation
government in whichvoluntary associations of indpendent states (local governments) that agree certain limitations and cooperation
matriarchy
government ruled by women
squarsonocracy
government by landholding clergymen
oligarchy
ruled by a few people
socialism
mixed economy; represents democratic socialism; provides healthcare and housing.
Theocracy
Hereditary or divine right power
chiliarchy
government by one thousand people
Chieftain
Government ruled by the oldest, strongest, or wises person of a group
constitutional monarchy
elected representatives hold power, while a monarch acts as a head of state
King Louis
absolute monarchy; mankind was inferior to him
Communist
The government or council that controls a smaller area within a country.
Parliamentary Democracy
representative government in which power is concentrated in the legislative branch, which selects the executive branch
Communism
A system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party
Democracy
government in which the supreme power is vested in people and usually involves elected officials
Absolute Monarchy
People who do not participate
(ex. Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE)
Republic
Government in which the citizens elect representatives who rule in their place.
Federal
A central government shares power with a number of small local governments.
Parlimentary
A system that is led by representatives of the people. Each is choosen as a member of a political party and remains in power as long as his or her does.
Totalitarian State
A country with one political party.
representative democracy
people elect REPRESENTATIVES to manage the country and make laws
anemocracy
government by the wind or by whim
Confederalism
an alliance of sovereign states, whose members have agreed to delegate certain powers to administrative authority
aristocracy
rule by a small group that is upper-class or high-ranking
Plato's Republic
extreme schooling for those who are chosen to rule
autocracy
the ruler has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitary manner
Parliamentary Government
The executive is chosen by and responsible to the legislature as well as being a member of the legislature.
absolute monarch
king or queen that holds all power
Feudal System
a system of government in which less powerful people promise loyalty to more poweful people
an example of american democracy in action
students protesting military involvement in vietnam
example of US democracy in action
war veterans hold a rally to show support for a law banning the US flag
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