Exam 5 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
epi-
upon
LUMBAR
LOIN
chromo
color
Deltoid
triangle
bacteria
bacterio
hyper-
above, excessive
tobillo (m.)
ankle
nucleus
control center
gonads
produce sex hormones
Golgi Apparatus
flattened sacs
biceps brachii
arm muscle
popliteal
back of knee
autonomic
controls your internal organs
Main dry eye drug?
restasis
development of a tumor
neoplasia
connective tissue-strength-ligaments:
B)dense connective tissue
Serous Pericardium
double layer
parietal pericardium (lines fibrous pericardium)
visceral pericardium (surface of heart muscle)
Cranial Nerve III
Oculomotor Nerve
 
Foramen: Superior Orbital Fissure of Spenoid
 
Innervation: Levator Palpebrae superioris 
Medial Rectus
Superior Rectus
Inferior Rectus
Inferior Oblique
What lines fibrous pericardium?
Parietal pleura
muscle moving way from midline
aBduction
function of cecum
ferment residual starches
PREFIX: hypo-
below.

also to swell
differentiation
unspecialized cells become specialized cells
arteries
Part of the cardiovascular system. blood vessels which carry blood from heart to capillaries
meiotic divisions
during gametogenesis, cells undergo two..
costal fovea/demifacets
on thoracic vertebrae; articulation with the head and tubercle of the rib; cranial and caudal pair
External Oblique
Muscle superficial to internal oblique
Efferent
(Motor)
Nerves carry out impulses from CNS
-Somatic Nerves: voluntary
-Autonomic Nerves: involuntary 
Sympathetic -fight or flight
Parasympathetic - rest or digest 
 
excessive urination without high blood glucose levels, caused dehydration and tremendous thirst(what is produced in inadequate amounts?)
antidiuretic hormone
Primary Bronchial Tubes --> Secondary Bronchial Tubes --> Tertiary Bronchial Tubes--> Bronchioles--> terminal bronchioles
Pleural Cavity
(function)
gonads produce gametes (sperm or oocytes) that unite to form an organism; gonads also release hormones that regulate reproduction & other body processes, associated organs tranport & store gametes
nonfluent aphasia
lesion to brocas

slow speech, difficulty in choosing words
Inferior/Caudal
downward or away from the head
structural organization
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism
splenius capitis
nuchal ligament, spinous process of C7-T4 vert., mastoid process, and occipital bone.Inn.:dorsal rami, segmentally
Parkinson's disease results from a degeneration of the dopamine-releasing neurons of the:
Substantia Nigra
atherosclerosis
lipid enters TI; foamy cells; fibrosis of TI, atrophy of TM; calcifications as lesions progress; ulceration of atheromas provides surface for thrombosis; can lead to aneurisms, embolisms can migrate leading to occlusion of vessels
gyri
upfolds of the cerebral cortex are called ________ or convulutions
lymph comes from
water, electrolytes, waste from metabolizing cells, and some protein
pectoralis major
Origin: medial 1/2 of clavical, anterior surface of sternum
 
Insertion: lateral lip of intertubercular sulcus
 
Innervation: medial and lateral pectoral n.
Organ Level
organization of different types of tissue in a complex fashion to perform specific functions
gracilias
extends on medial border of medial compartmentO- body of pubisI- medial part of the tibiaA- flexes at knee and adducts hipN- Obturator
attributes to skin color and protects against UV radiation
melanin
basic functional units of the liver
liver lobules
both skeletal and ___ muslce are straited, but onky skeletal muscle is voluntarily controlled
cardiac
Coccygeus
Forms pelvic floor & supports pelvic viscera
what is enclosed by pelvic bones?
Pelvic cavity
skin
the external covering or integument of an animal body, esp. when soft and flexible.
jugular
pertaining to any of certain large veins of the neck collecting blood from the superficial parts of the head or collecting blood from within the skull
hetercrine gland
glands of both internal and external secretion
What muscle allows you to stand erect?
Erector spinae
Superior/inferior vertebral notches
-Viewed by examination from the saggital perspective-together they form the intervertebral foramen and spinal nerves comes off the spinal cord
lymph nodes; spleen
the major secondary lymphatic organs are the ________ and the __________
the central sulcus separates which lobes
frontal from parietal
Extra-articular ligaments of the hip
*Thickenings of joint capsule
 
Iliofemoral ligament: AIIS --> greater and lesser trochanters (Y-shaped ligament) - limits hip extension, lateral rotation, and maintains upright posture.
Pubofemoral ligament: iliopubic eminence --> femur - limits hip extension and abduction.
Ischiofemoral ligament: ischium on posterior side of the acetabulum --> intertrochanteric line (blends w/ joint capsule) - limits hip extension and medial rotation.
 
**zona orbicularis= ligamentous fibers deep to the ischiofemoral ligament
What are exergonic reactions?
are reactions that release energy
QUADRICEPS FEMORIS
located on the anterior and lateral thigh, extends and straightens
Vermilion
transition from skin of face to tissue of lip
Bell's palsy is a function disorder or which cranial nerve?
facial
smooth muscle
has no visible striations, found on the walls of hollow organs
Cranial Nerve VI: Abducens
-originates from inferior pons
-mostly motor
-innervates lateral rectus muscle of eye
-damage causes crossed eyes (esotropia)
middle ear
the middle portion of the ear, consisting of the tympanic membrane and an air-filled chamber lined with mucous membrane, that contains the malleus, incus, and stapes.
ions
an atom that gave up or gained an electron
Cholesterol
found in cell membranes and is the raw material for synthesis of vitamin D. steroid hormones, and bile salts.
 
Which suture is found to join the parietal bone and the squamous part of the temporal bone?
 
Squamosal Suture
Palatoglossal Arch
fold of tissue that extends from the body of the tongue to the beginning of the soft palate
obliquus capitis superior
o: transverse process of atlas
 
i: occipital bone
 
A: pull head posteriorly and turns head to same side
 
n: suboccipital nerve - forms lateral boundary of triangle
What are crystals?
are large arrays of cations and anions held together by ionic bonds
Tissue
is a mass of similar cells and cell products that forms a discrete region of an organ and performs a specific function. (epithelial, connective, nervous, and muscular
Orophyarynx contains what type of tissue and its location
Stratified Squamous Epith. (SSE.)
Prosterior to oral cavity.
Respiratory center functions
Dorsal R = InspirationVentral R = Inspiration and ExhalationPneumotaxic = regulation of respirationApneustic center = mystery
bile duct
a large duct that transports bile from the liver, having in humans and many other vertebrates a side branch to a gallbladder for bile storage
what neural regulations control blood pressure?
negative feedback loops, baroreceptors, chemoreceptors, proprioceptors
what states does matter exist is?
solid(bone), liquid (blood), and gaseous states(air)
By the time we are fully grown we have about how many different bones?
206
 
Residual volume 
amount of air left in lungs after a maximum expiration
is O2 a compound
no, its a molecule of that element
Urogenital DiaphragmSkeletal muscle (voluntary)
What are the layers of the Bladder?
tibia
the inner of the two bones of the leg, that extend from the knee to the ankle; the shinbone
What 2 muscles are responsible for keeping the eyelid open?
 
Which is the main muscle responsible for this?
- Levator palpebrae superioris
- Superior tarsal
 
Levator palpebrae superioris
deep (intrinsic) back muscle characteristics
- movements of the vertebral column and head
 
- innervated by dorsal primary rami
 
- divided into 3 groups: splenius muscle complex, erector spinae muscle complex, transversospinalis group
Toward the back of the body
Posterior or Dorsal (4 legged animals)
Oculomotor Nerve (CN III):
project to the ciliary muscle and to the pupillary constrictor muscle of iris.
 
Discuss at least two anatomic misconceptions of hte Egyptions and/or greeks.  What were some of the philosophies that lead to those misconceptions?
Arteries: air filled - recently dead spec. had air in their arteries (smooth muscle)
Veins: carried blood one way (like a tree) - veins lack the smooth muscle so they contained blood in a fresh specimen
Heart: good feelins, love and loyalty
Liver: bad feelings, bitterness
Spleen: hatred
Brain: cooled the body - marrow
Diaphragm: seat of the mind
 
Human dissection was considered taboo, so no one ever tested them.  During the Greek period anatomy/empirical science was not considered important.
Neck - related to the bone surface
A narrow connection between the epiphysis and the diaphysis
is the sphenoid bone a facial or cranial bone?
CRANIAL LOCATED INside THE SKULL
Patient complains of having difficult extending or flexing the leg and seems to have a moveable mass behind the knee. What might this be? Another patient has edema and pain in the fossa, what might this be?
1.) A baker's cyst (popliteal cyst) is a synovial-lined cyst that may result from knee joint effusion (escape of blood or lymph). 2.) popliteal aneurysm
what is the position of the navicular in the foot
medially placed and superior relative to the cuboid
What are the different types the T cell divides into?
Helper T cells, Cytotoxic T cells, Suppressor T cells, & memory T cells
What structures are located in or are surrounded by the carotid sheath?
The ansa cervicalis is found in the carotid sheath. The internal jugular vein, common carotid artery, and vagus nerve are surrounded by the carotid sheath.
echo-
sound
asthenia
weakness
ole
small
tetra-
four
-tripsy
crushing
thoracic
chest
Cranial
Head
prot/o
first
MENT
ACTION
Pseudo
False
ectasis
expansion
trachel
neck
itching
pruritus
ethmoid
1
a scar
cicatrix
capnia
carbon dioxide
-capnia
carbon dioxide
COLON
LARGE INTESTINE
cervic/o
cervix, neck
one who
-er
primary incisors
8
insertion of Digastric
Hyoid
SCI
spinal cord injury
meso-, mis-, medi
middle
Process
Any bony prominence
CARPALS AKA
WRIST BONE
CAD
coronary artery disease
ology
the study of
insertion of Orbicularis oris
Lips
parathyroid glands contain
principal(chief) cells
Higher Up...
superior, cranial, cephalad
Fovea
a depression or pit
Pericardium
serous membrane around heart
fissure
narrow, slit like opening
Testing of peripheral vision.
perimetry
lesion
an injury; hurt; wound.
insertion of Vastus lateralis
Tibial tuberosity
involuntary shaking of the limbs
tremor
osteocytes
bone cells lie in lacunae
Non-conducting cells
Supporting Cells (neuroglial cells)
Angina
chest pain relieved with nitroglycerin
An immovable joint is called?
synarthrosis
abnormal softening of a gland
adenomalacia
socket for femur to fit
Acetabuum
specializes diagnostic techniques such as ultrasound, mri, and ct scans
radiologist
symptom
any phenomenon or circumstance accompanying something and serving as evidence of it.
action of Sartorius
lateral rotation, knee flexion
swelling caused by accumulation of fluid (in tissue)
edema
Median nerve
(C5-T1) Innervates:muscles of the lateral aspect of the anterior (flexor) compartment of the forearm and hand (those muscles not listed above) and skin of the medial palmar hand
connective tissue
connective tissue proper, cartilage, bone, blood
cells whose intercellular sectetions (matrix) support and connect the organs and tissues of the body...what is this?
connective tissue
Muscular tissue that has striations, voluntary movement, long & cylindrical cells(fibers)
Skeletal
gynecomastia
the condition of excessive mammary development in the male
drains remainder of the body
Thoracic duct
agranular
(smooth) free of ribosomes; involved in detoxification of drugs; synthesis of polysaccharides; steriodial hormones and lipids
BONE MARKINGS OF PROJECTIONS ARE CALLED
PROCESSES
B-lymphocytes
WBC agranulocyte, originates in bone marrow
anteriormost bone of the pelvic girdle
pubis
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH).
Bones and Muscles
low WBC count is cond. called
leukopenia
diagnosis
the process of determining by examination the nature and circumstances of a diseased condition.
This form of arthritis is characterized by an excess of uric acid.
gouty arthritis
Viral; causes inflammation of the liver/transmitted through body fluid
Hepatitis B
The anterior muscles of the forearm are primarily _______ of the wrist and fingers (except pronator quadratus).
flexors
Uterus
heavily muscled organ into which a fertilized egg implants and grows
Each virus
exhibits a shape that is characteristic of that virus.
Which condition is characterized by an abnormal increase in RBC count?
polycythemia
nearer to the back of the body
posterior
A muscular tube that carries urine from the urinary bladder to the exterior. In females, the opening is anterior to the opening of the vagina.
urethra
A narrow muscle that originates from fascia superficial to the masseter muscle?
Risorius
The uppermost neck portion of the vertebral column is called the _ spine.
cervical
How many phalanges are in the foot?
14
Hydrolysis
Water is used to split substances. Used to decompose carbs, lipids, and proteins.
They enhance the innate defenses either by attacking microorganisms directly or by hindering their ability to reproduce
antimicrobial proteins
SECRETED BY THE ADRENAL CORTEX IN RESPONSE TO ACTH....
CORTISOL
situated in the front; front or forward part of an organ
anterior
what type of fiber breaks before stretching is shiny and strong; attaches muscle to bone
collagen
Middle suprarenal arteries come off of this artery
aorta
Cartilaginous
comprised of hyaline. Ex: occiput to sphenoid and the disc in the symphysis pubis
hyphema
Bleeding into the anterior chamber of the eye, usually due to trauma.
The process of gas exchange where oxygen is added to the blood and carbon dioxide is removed is called ____________________.
respiration
ligation
the act of ligating, esp. of surgically tying up a bleeding artery.
laceration
the result of lacerating; a rough, jagged tear.
prognosis
a forecasting of the probable course and outcome of a disease, esp. of the chances of recovery.
what joint has a structural synovial joint located between the lateral masses of the sacrum and the posterior portion of iliac alae?
sacroiliac joint
acute episode during which heart fails to pump blood effectively. (HA) Also called myocardial infarction (MI) (death of portion of myocardium.
heart attack
Phagocytosis
the process in which a moving cell engulfs a mass of foreign material
The midfoot contains the _______, _______ & _______.
navicular, cuboid, cuneiforms
When an atrium is in systole the ventricle is in diastole. true or false
tue
has an extended contraction due to prolonged calcium delivery from both the sarcoplasmic reticulum and the interstitial fluid
cardiac muscle
NAME THE TWO LAYERS OF SKIN
EPIDERMIS AND DERMIS
lymphocytes
most located in lymph nodes, 30% of WBC pop, two types- T-lymphocytes- defend against virus, and B-lymphocytes- differentiate into plasma cells that produce anti-bodies
Which zone of the adrenal cortex secretes aldosterone?
Zone Glomerulosa
The organ that produces eggs in a female is the
ovary
Gas exchange between the blood and tissues
Internal respiration
Nuclear energy
Energy released or gained by the process of: fission and fusion
Capillary hydrostatic pressure (CHP)
the pressure within capillary beds
estrogen over and symp;
adrenogenital syndrom; overpro. of androgens
areolar connective tissue
soft packaging material that cushions and protects body organs
The hepatopancreatic duct is thickens by smooth muscle at the duodenum to form?
sphincter of Oddi
Elastic cartilage
similar to hyaline except it has elastic fibers
when joint movement aids in the absorption of synovial fluid, oxygen and nutrients
weeping lubrication
What nerves comes off the infraclavicular branch and arise from C5-T1?
Median, radial nerve
viral
of, pertaining to, or caused by a virus.
triage
the process of sorting victims, as of a battle or disaster, to determine medical priority in order to increase the number of survivors.
trauma
a body wound or shock produced by sudden physical injury, as from violence or accident.
What lymph nodes lie along the inferior vena cava on the posterior abdominal wall and recieve fluid from the common iliac lymph nodes?
Lumbar Lymph nodes
Genital herpes
caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 characterized by periodic outbreaks of ulcer-like lesions of genital and anorectal skin/mucous membranes
What does follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) do & where is it
stimulates graafian follicle to start to grow & mature,Stimulates follicle cells to secrete estrogen {egg formation}, in the anterior pituitary gland
lines the cavities and tubes that open to the outside of the body (oral/nasal, tubes of digestive/respiratory/urinary/reproductive systems). consists of epit overlying a layer of loose conn tissue. yet, type of epith varies with the location of membrane
Mucous Membrane
What supplies most of the left ventricle, most of the intraatrial septum, and the left atrium?
Left Coronary artery
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
WATER PROPERTY
WITHOUT WATER WE CANNOT BREAK DOWN FOOD (HYDROLYSIS) AIDS IN BREAKING DOWN FOOD
Pustules
Pus filled sacs such as those seen in acne or pimples
Increase in neutrophil #s released by RBM;Fever due to production of pyrogens; Improves performance of immune system.Widespread increased vascular permeability due to histamines. Large volume of plasma enters interstitial spaces leading to shock
Systemic Inflammatory Response
Describe skeletal muscle?
Longest, most densely packed fibers of muscle tissues, obvious striations, voluntary,multinucleate
T3 and T4 over and symp
myxedema; low metabolic rate
femoral artery
an artery that supplies blood to the thigh
II. Optic, S
extends out of optic chiasma; carry special somatic afferent impulses for vision
a property of a substance in which deforming it slightly causes a minute electrical current to be produced is
piezoelectric property
Q The cord levels of enlargement in the cervical area are C4-T1. What are the cord levels of enlargement in the lumbar area?
A L2-S3
What area does inferior cluneal nerve supply?
What rami does it come from?
the inferior area of the gluteal region
 
S-1,2,3
The sacral canal ends in the inferior opening called the_____.
The sacral hiatus.
What is located above and below the iris?
Canal of Schlemm
What part of the heart takes up the Sternocostal Surface?
Rt Ventricle
improper closure of the valve b/t the left atrium and ventricle during systole
mitral valve prolapse
Functions of the spleen
1. filter and cleanse blood of bacteria, viruses, and other debris
2. provide a site for lymphocyte proliferation and immune surveillance.
3. destroy worn-out RBCs and return some of their breakdown products to the liver
major functions of connective tissue
binding and support protect, insulate, transport
4 ventricles of brian
lateral right; lateral left; 3rd and 4th
What nerves come off the infraclavicular branch and arise from C8-T1?
medial pectoral, medial cutaneous nerve of arm, medial cutaneous nerve of forearm, ulnar nerve
what has fibers that strengthen the joint anteriorly, provides partial attachment for some thigh muscles, structural fibrous syndesmosis joint and is a functional amphiarthrosis?
symphysis pubis / pubic symphysis
Q After passing through the carpal tunnel, the tendons of this m. bifurcate before inserting into the base of mid-phalanx 2-5
A flexor digitorum superficialis N443
Where is the heart in the mediastinum?
-located between the lungs
-lies directly behind the sternum and costal cartilages
Name the major endocrine organs: From Superior to Inferior.
Pineal gland, Hypothalamus, Pituitary Gland (anterior&posterior),Thyroid gland, Parathyroid glands(on dorsal aspect),Thymus, Adrenal gland, Pancreas, and the gonads(teste&ovaries)
what is the pituitary gland connected to?
the hypothalamus by the infundibulum
The adductor canal does what?
It allows passage of the femoral vessels and the saphenous nerve through the middle one-third of the thigh.
Describe the path of the femoral nerve?
passes inferiorly intermediat to the psoas major and iliacus muscles, enters the thigh by passing through the muscular lacuna deep to the inguinal ligament near its midpoint to provide muscular branches to the thigh, articular branches to the hip and knee joint
Q What ganglia is located just inferior to the foramen ovale?
A Otic/Arnold's ganglion (this is parasympathetic) [G886]
Typically veins carry O2 poor blood to heart& arteries transports O2 rich blood from heart to body, except in what?
The pulmonary circulation, the opposite occurs. (Veins= O2+blood to heart & Arteries=O2-from heart)
which two muscles work together to "abduct" wrist
flexor carpi radialis & extensor radialis longus
Where does the dorsal venous arch recieve blood from?
from the dorsal metatarsal veins and sometimes the proper dorsal digital veins
The _______ _______ is a disk of hyaline cartilage where growth occurs during childhood. It fuses when growth stops.
epiphyseal plate or line (aka metaphysis)
what does the white matter primarily consist of
bundles of myelinated axons of motor and sensory neurons
The radial nerve supplies sensory fxn to what parts of the body?
the dorsolateral aspect of the hand and the dorsal aspect of the thumb, index, middle, and lateral half of the ring fingers
What are the branches of the Tibial nerve?
1. Sural nerve-off that the lateral calcaneal nerve
2. Medial Calcaneal nerve 
What does it mean to have Rh-positive blood?
Rh antigen is present on the RBCs
What is the path of medial Dorsal cutaneous nerve?
What does it innervate?
 
-passes anterior to the ankle near the center and is palpable here
-the medial part of the dorsal midfoot, the divides
aids in supply to the 1st webspace
What is the function of the external acoustic meatus?
To transmit sound waves to the middle ear.
Q What cord of the brachial plexus gives rise to the medial cutaneous brachium/antebrachium nn.?
A The medial cord. N 433 shows both of these well.
-phyll
leaf
Basic
bleach(Acidic/Neutral/Basic?)
Atrium
Filling Chambers
Translation
RNA to protein
peroxisomes
• single-membrane-bound globular organelles• sites of oxidation reactions• example: oxidative breakdown of long-chain fatty acids• contain an enzyme called catalase to detoxify hydrogen peroxide• different types of peroxisomes specialize in different types of oxidation reactions• don’t have a specific area in cell• glyxisomes: specialized peroxisomes that are packed with enzymes that convert one of the products of photosynthesis into a sugar that can be used to store energy for the cell
polyploids
high set of chromosomes
anther
where pollen is produced
singled-celled prokaryotic bacteria; autotrophic or heterotrophic; some are pathogens but some are helpful
Eubacteria
C6H12O6
The chemical formula for glucose
Ovaries
Produces estrogen (the female horomone), eggs (oocytes), and progesterone
mesozoic
first dinosaurs, mammals, first flowering plants, mass extinction at end of cretaceous
Archaea
Any of various single-celled prokaryotes genetically distinct from bacteria, often thriving in extreme environmental conditions.
temporal isolation
breed at diff times
heterozygous
organisms that have two different alleles for the same trait (hybrid)
Science
a systematic way of getting information about the natural world. (or a study of nature)


The body fluid reservoir which contains the highest volume is


cytoplasm
Certain metabolic pathways are affected by the buildup of a product that interacts with an enzyme catalyzing one of the initial steps of the pathway; this can be an example of (A) transcriptional regulation (B) thermodynamic regulation (C) translational r
feedback inhibition
emulsion
suspension of one liquid in another•fat in breast milk
True or False:
Glycerol is fully saturated
TRUE
What eats detritus?
What do detritivores eat?
Larynx
What does the trachea branch into?
myofibril
a contractile fibril of skeletal muscle, composed mainly of actin and myosin.
high
the specific heat of water is relatively
joint/ articulation
junction of two or more bones
allele
different version of the same trait (color of a flower)
Cell-Cell Gaps
Direct connections between cells in tissues that allow cells to work together.
internal fertilization
certain ray -finned fish all cartilaginous fish and same amphibians all reptiles birds and mammals *either lay shells or have period of internal embryonic developement
locations of cellular respiration stages
glycolysis-cytoplasm, krebs/citric acid cycle-matrix, o. phosphorylation-cristae
Irreversible Inhibition
inactivates the enzyme by destroying its capacity to interact with the normal substrate (Ex. Malathion)
Prognosis
-Predicted course or outcome of a disease.
47. Abnormally low output of urine is called ________.
These are embryonic tissues and they divide mitotically. In general, these cells are small, thin walled, they have small central vacuoles and have a high metabolic rate. Unlike animals, adult plants retain areas which are perpetually embryonic.
Meristematic
Golgi
Takes in proteins and lipids created by the E.R and modifies them for export to be secreted out of the cell wall.
fertilization
each haploid gamete contriutes its set of chromosomes to produce a diploid cell called a zygote
fossil record
the ordered sequence of fossils as they appear in rock layers, marking the passage of geologic time
Telophase
- 2 daughter nuclei form in cell- nuclear envelopes arise from fragments of old nuclear envelope and parts of endomembrane system- chromosomes become less condensed- mitosis is now complete
Evolution of monkeys?
•30 MYA–New World monkeys migrated to South America•All arboreal; many have prehensile tail–Old World monkeys and hominids remained in Africa•No prehensile tails
Mark-Recapture
*Trap animals, mark them and let them go 
 
* Used to estimate population size in given area
 
 
monarch butterfly
live in central mexicogo north for summer
what is osmosis?
diffusion of water through a semi-permeable membrane.
_____ are used to break bonds b/t nitrogen base pairs + to put new pairs together
enzymes
Proteins
most people who starve to death die from lack of protein
ligament
a band of tissue, usually white and fibrous, serving to connect bones, hold organs in place, etc.
long-day plants
plants that require a longer day to flower than a regular plant
peptide bond
forms between the amino group on one amino acid and the carboxyl group on another amino acid
Biome: Tundra
Temp: annual avg - very low; variation - highPrecip: annual avg - low; variation - low-Short low lime vegetation-Growth restricted by cold temp. and growth period of sunlight
Epiphyses
the end of a long bone made primarily of spongy bone.
What is Werner's Syndrome?
a disease of premature and accelerated aging associated with defects in a DNA unwinding enzyme.
send pain signlas to the brain. detect potential damage to the body
motor neuron
parasite
An organism that lives in or on a host organism and feeds on its tissues or body fluids.
small yellow glands in fat on top of the kidneys
adrenal glands
The three major portions of the brain
cerebrum, cerebellum, and brainstem
The increase in the size or number of cells best describes.
biological growth
What is the range of Ve
4 - 12 L/min at rest
Enzyme: DNA Polymerase I
removes the RNA chunks from RNA primer and replaces with DNA
Classic sequence of second line of defense:
Classic sequence- tissue damage, tissue mast cells, capillaries release plasma proteins, clotting factors
Skeletal Muscles and the Liver
Where most of the body's glycogen is stored.
Gymnosperm? Angiosperm? How do they fertilize? are they vascular?
Gymnosperm is a non-seed plant: pollen grain hits megasporangium (2n)Angiosperm: has seeds. DOUBLE FERTILIZATION
The emergence of modern science in the third enlightenment was the result of(a) The Aquinas-Aristotelian objective knowing that sought to explain nature in terms of natural law and explain humans' central, dominant position in nature(b) The Cathars' heres
(c) The collaboration between the views expressed in a and b
What are food webs?
A food web is a digram that shows all the feeding relationships in a community. The arrows indicate the direction of the energy flow.
What are the properties of a hydroxyl group?
- hydrogen bonded to a oxygen bonded to a carbon skeleton
- Called Alcohols
- polar because oxgen is electronegative
- forms hydrogen bonds with oxygens helping dissolve organic compounds like sugars.
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Term:
Definition:
Definition:

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