Vocab 69 Flashcards

Terms Definitions
gene
micro
small
Creates ribosomes
Nucleolus
gymnosperms
vascular/ naked seed
Bond that transfers
Ionic
Cation
A positively charged ion.
 
 
 
kinds of fibrous joint
-syndesmosis
-suture
-gomphosis
Heart
Blood
Blood vessels
Open circulatory systems
Spermatid
Final product of spermatogenesis, following a period of maturation, becomes a spermatozoan
What do Genes code for?
Proteins.
budding
asexual reproduction in which offspring form on parent and then break free as a miniature version of parent: hydra
complete digesitve tract
complete, 2 openings
 
nematode
anelids
insects (specialization)
arthropods
3-phosphogylcerate
C-3 pathway, 3 carbon molecule
lichen reproductive structures that contain some of both organisms that make up the lichen
soredia
Ovary
Structure that contains the ovules that will develop into seeds
Lichens
consists of two different organisms. needs each other to surviveGreen algae- photosynthesizes, sugar for fungusFungus- Provides shade for algae
ectoderm
outer layer
gives outer covering of animals
skin, hair, nails
topipotent  
mature cells can dedifferentiate and then give rise to all the specialied cell types of the mature organism.
 
ability of a single cell to divide and produce all the differentiated cells in an organism, including extraembryonic tissues.
Neurotransmitter Junctions
Neurotransmitter released from nerve fiber causes stimulation of muscle cell (acetycholine)
fossil
trace of a long dead organism
Mitochondria
powerhouse of the cell
site of cellular respiration and fuels all cell activities by converting chemical energy into glucose
animal and plant
Ganglia (11)
Masses of nerve cells bodies
induced fit
when the enzyme-substrate complex forms, there are typically shape changes in the enzyme and substrate(s)
28 Eukaryotic cells
Single-celled organisms,has nucleus, and organelles,
product
a substance obtained from another substance through chemical change.
F+
term referring to bacteria with F factor
cellular respiration
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
Induced enzyme
enzyme only produced under certain conditions.
What does arthrop mean in Latin?
Joint foot.
What's the most abundant waste product we make?
CO2
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm during cell division.
contractile vacuole
the paramecium contains a contractile vacuole that pumps excess water out of the cell so it doesnt burst
polysaccharide
straight or branched chains of many sugar monomers
cellulose, glycogen, and starch
Enzyme
A protein that catalyzes a biochemical reaction.
DNA polymerase
enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucleotides to produce a DNA molecule
Mutations
Base substitution mutations
Substitute one base for another
70% of people are normal nasopharyngeal carriers of this microorganism...
pneumonococcal meningitis
speciation that occurs in populations that are not physically divided; normally due to ecological isolation or chromosomal aberrations (such as polyploidy)
Sympatric Speciation
Limiting Factor
any biotic or aboiticfactor that restricts the existence, numbers reproduction or distribution of organisms
defines boundary of cellhelps protect from environment and control
cell membrane
polymer
a compound of high molecular weight derived either by the addition of many smaller molecules, as polyethylene, or by the condensation of many smaller molecules with the elimination of water, alcohol, or the like, as nylon.
Chemical bonds
The things that hold the atoms together.
microtubules
- hollow rod composed of 2 globular proteins: α-tubulin & β-tubulin
- txp nutrients
- movement via cilia & flagella
- components of the cytoskeleton
During meiosis
the chromatids may cross over and switch places; allows for more genetic variation in the gametes
How many chambers do birds and mammals have in their heart?
4
DNA replication is
semiconservative (half new and half old)
active immunity
immunity produced by exposure to an antigen, as a result of the immune response
Haploid
nuclei of fungal hyphae and the spores of most fungal species are
taiga
biome just south of the tundra  aka northern coniferous forest
Name the pathology term: Abnormalities in the heart at birth.
congenital heart disease
Sperm and ova are considered to be
haploid cells
spinal cord
cylinder of nervous tissue that arises from the brainstem at the foramen magnum of the skull
What are legumes?
They are protein-rich plants that produce pods. (peanuts, alfalfa, soybeans, peas)
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
stores calcium ions in muscle cells
organ
a grouping of tissues into a distinct structure, as a heart or kidney in animals or a leaf or stamen in plants, that performs a specialized task
4 stages of interphase
G(first gap phase), S(synthesis), G2(second gap phase), and M(mitosis)
vertebrate Hemoglobin (Hb)
iron- containing protein in red blood cells that reversibly binds oxygen
Utilizes organic compound as source of energy and source of carbon
13. A chemoheterotroph:
DNaK and DnaJ
begin folding for native proteins and use ATP
competitive inhibition
inhibitor is similar in sturcture to a substrate; competes with substrate for binding to the active site
Fermentation 3
Must still oxidize the NADH back to NAD+
9. Every cell in the human body has the same genetic instructions.
Yes
accounts for more than 1/2 the total membrane in many eukaryotic cells
endoplasmic reticulum
monosaccharides
The ratio of carbon to oxygen in a carbohydrate is
Noncyclic Electron Flow
A route of electron flow during the light reactions of photosynthesis that involves both photosystems and produces ATP, NADPH, and oxygen. The net electron flow is from water to NADP+.
Osculum
A large opening at the top of a sponge where water and wastes are expelled.
The majority of a fungus’ body is in its...1. Mycelium.2. Mushroom.3. Hypha4. Mycorrhizae5. Zygospore.
1. Mycelium.
Ecosystems recover from a disturbance
as a ecosystem changes, older inhabitants die and new inhabitants come on causing change
a resting stage of the cell cycle in which DNA replication and cell division stop
G0 phase
35. What virus is responsible for the common cold?
Rhinoviruses, parainfluenza viruses, RSV (respiratory syncytial virus), and adenoviruses
what is a steroid?
a lipid composed of 4 linked carbon rings
5 microbes important to disease: bacteria
Unicellular and much smaller than eukaryotic cells; simpler in construction; haploidHave complex cell walls that are important to the disease causing process and their resistance to antibioticsReproduce by binary fission (double contents and then split); some “sex” is possibleMetabolically bacteria are tremendously diverse (capable of metabolizing all natural compounds and many synthetic ones)-very adaptable.
difference bewteen voltage-gated Na channels and voltage-gated K channels
Na have two gates - activation gate response to threshold rapidly, inactivation gate responds slowly ::: K channels have a single gate that responds slowly
What are the 3 small bones in the ear called?
Mallus, Incus, Stapes
Location on tongue of bitter, sour, salty, sweet:
bitter=back of tongue; sour=sides of tongue; salty=left and right tip of tongue; sweet=front tip
Which of the following is NOT a true statement regarding the prothallus?
It has a conical structure.
Red bloods cells make up _____ (volume) of the blood and contain _______ to absorb oxygen. Also most have a _______ except in mammals.
~44% of blood is rbc (erthyocytes. MOstly made of hemoglobin and contains a nucleus in all vertebrates besides mammals.
What is the most important role of hydrogen bonding between water molecules?
It enables water molecules to bond to each other.
giovedi
thursday
materiales
materials
undangan
invitation
90
noventa
normocytic
normal-----RBC
auspicious
favorable
un bureau
desk
Las meriendas
Snacks
casarse
to marry
conducere
to hire
These anterior
la política
politics
le manche
handle
la natalidad
birthrate
picture
el cuadro
Ti presento...
This is...(informal)
arroser
to sprinkle water
peristalsis
muscle contraction, involuntary
V-shaped
not in book
gardeningto garden 
le jardinagejardiner 
Ordinality
Relationships between quantities
encima de
on top of
gizzard
grinds food in earthworm
Hacer
to do; to make
Sensorineural portion
inner ear/auditory nerve
beta- dicarbonyl compounds
CH3CH2O(C=O)CH2(C=O)OCH2CH3
MALONIC ESTER pKa=13
CH3(C=O)CH2(C=O)OCH2CH3
ACETO ACETIC ESTER pKa=11
blood, bone, cartilage, adipose
loose tissues
Savanna
tropical grassland with scattered trees; occasional fire and drought; large herbivores
50
le escribo
I write to him/her
Energy-Yielding Nutrients (Macro-Nutrients)
carbs, fats, protein
intimate
associated in close personal relations:
Germanophobia
dislike of Germany or the Germans
Patronage
support or sponsorship like Ashoka Maurya did with Buddhism
Strategy
A plan that involves three steps
Chromosomes
threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genes.
Madrasa-
• An Islamic college of higher learning
SST (assumptions)
Society threatens deviant individuals with isolation and fear of isolation is pervasive; this fear of isolation causes individuals to try to assess the climate of opinion at all times; public behavior is affected by public opionion assessment
industrialization
the transformation of a society's economy from one dominated by agricultural pursuits to one dominated by manufacturin
stock exchanges
secondar markets where already-issued securities are bought and sold by members
Anabolism
smaller molecules join to make larger ones. REQUIRE energy.
hydroelectric energy
electricity generated from the force of moving water
kinesis
simple change in acitivity or turning rate in response to a stimulus
Martin Luther
german monk who created Lutheran religion; his calls for reform led to Reformation
scientists questioned long-accepted teaching of the Catholic church
Emotional Intelligence
the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.
Footnote
Used to documents a source. Usally located at the bottom of the page that contains thee footnote material.
a genetic cross of an individual whose phenotype is dominant but whose genotype is unknown, with a homozygous recessive individual
test-cross
altitude: acclimatization
– Increased breathing and HR – Increasing hemoglobin – Increased blood alkalinity – Increased myoglobin (oxygen transport in muscle)
medium
the matter through which a wave travels
trust-busting
breaking up bad trusts which harmed the public and sitfled competition, and regulating good trusts which thru efficiency and low prices dominated a market
Midsagittal plane
divides the body left and right
Cleavage
The tendancy of a mineral to break along an even surface.
mayflower compact
This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.
Martial Law
form of military rule that suspends Bill of Rights guarantees
Partial reinforcement
reinforcing a response only part of the time; results in slower acquistion of a response but much greater resistance to extinction than does continuous reinforcement.
functional strategy
the approach a functional area takes to achieve corporate and business unit objectives and strategies by maximizing resource productivity
The Tao te ching was written by __________________.
Laozi
ester (CH3 group at ester R) --> 2˚ alcohol
Elastic Fibers
are much like Hyaline cartilage but they contain elastic fibers
Found in the external ear epiglottis.
t or f despite their initial beginning investment, IPO's are statistically poor long term investments
true
molecular polarity
the way that molecules either repel or attract ot hold themselves together. Polar molecules have partial positive and negative charges.
Trial Balloon
Info prvided to the media by an anonymous source as a way of testing reaction to a potential policy or appointment
Holy Roman Empire
a Germanic empire located chiefly in central Europe that began with the coronation of Charlemagne as Roman emperor in AD 800 and ended with the renunciation of the Roman imperial title by Francis II in 1806, and was regarded theoretically as the continuation of the Western Empire and as the temporal form of a universal dominion whose spiritual head was the pope.
Structure Follows Strategy The sequence of events:5. Profit ______________ its previous level
returns to or exceeds
cricothyroid membrane
thin sheet of fascia that connects the thyroid and cricoid cartilages that make up the larynx
Validity
Ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure.
the size, shape and make-up of a hardware component
form factor
Letters on the English
Published by Voltaire in 1733, The book praised the virtues of the english, especially their religious liberty, and implicitly criticized the abuses of French society
cover and concealment
use of cover to conceal emt and protect from projectiles
Crossing over?
(There 3-4 Parts)
3) RecA protein catalyzes the joining of the two strands.
How can status be maintained?
Reputational bias, the tendency to interpret on the basis of past social interactions
How do cognitive and social skills affect peer status?
Are very important, ability to initiate interactions with others,making accurate interpretations, useful decisions and using effective communcation
Metasearch engines look and work like keyword searches
but return the results of many search engines at once and eliminate duplicates hits.
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