Exam Asian Art History Flashcards

Terms Definitions
Garbhagriha
womb chamber
Nara period
710-794
hakuho period
645-712
momoyama period
1573-1615
Info
Standing Bodhisattva
Gandaharan Style
Kushan Period
India
vedika
fence or railing
tokugawa period (edo)
1615-1868
Koryo Period
korea, 918-1392
kofun period
300-710 ce
Jommon period
12,000-300 bce
Descent of the Ganges
Granite
India
Nandi
Shivas Vehicle a bull
Self Portrait
Ren Xiong, 1850
Shiva
HIndu god, Incarnations: Mahadeva (lord of lords), Nataraja (lord of dance), a great Yoni who meditates in the Himalayas, some sects consider him supreme god
Tirthankaras
Path finders from jain religion
yaoyi period
300 bc- 300 ce
Taj Mahal, Mughal Period, 1631-48 CE
Shinto
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan belief system. It encompasses a variety of ritual practices that center around family, village, and national devotion to kami.
Info?
Yakshi
Great Stupa at Sanchi
Andhra Period
India
vihara
A monestary, usually with an individual residential cells for monks grouped around a central chamber
!http://tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:3bbVp_1fZByQUM:http://www.werner-forman-archive.com/Image178.jpg!
Colossal buddha Cave 20, Yungang Shanxi, late 5th century
!http://tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:sghRQHZi8ANkKM:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/43/Small-Liu_Ding.png!
Ding (ceremonial food vesel) Shang Dynasty, 11th BCE
!http://www.cambodiaevisa.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/08/angkor_wat.jpg!
Angkor Wat, Cambodia, Gupta Period, Early 12th century
Lion Grove Garden
Suzhou, 1342 and later
foreigners in yokohama
by SADAHIDE, 1860s
Sutra
It is a Buddhist sacred text, generally expressing teachings from Sutrayana.
Garland Bearers from Miran
Central Asia
Garland Bearers from Miran
looks like big snake
mandapa
An enclosed colonnaded porch in a Hindu or Jain temple.
!http://tbn2.google.com/images?q=tbn:ZERm3tloklhIqM:http://www.wavesartgallery.com/collection/husain_theo/thumbnails/vedic.jpg!
Maqbool fida Husain, Vedic, From the Theorama series, 1994
!http://tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:urSRMvLf8p0qxM:http://www.lib.cuhk.edu.hk/uclib/bones/ob01.gif!
Oracle bones, Shang period, 1766 to 1122 BCE
Bhakti
relationship one forms with god, a personal connection with gods to achieve moska
maitreya
early 7th c., buddha of the future
portuguese merchants and trading vessels
early 17th c.
Imperial City/Hall of Supreme Harmony
Beijing, 17th century
Mandala
An image of the cosmos represented by an arrangement of circles or concentric geometric shapes containing diagrams or images. Used for meditation and contemplation by Buddists
bodhisattva
Literally " one who has bodhi (wisdom) as his goal." Mahayana Buddhist beings who have forsaken the attainment of their own nirvana to help humankind.
Daoism
A philosophy derived form the Dao de jing (the book of the way) by Lao Zi (born in 604 BCE). A Daoist attempts to achieve harmony with nature through contemplation.
Taotie
Varieties of ogre masks formed by the juncture of two profile faces with prominent beady eyes. USed to decorate Shang bronzes
haboku landscape for Soen
by sesshu toyo, 1495
crown tomb 98
kyongju, 5th c. old silla period
Piece-mold casting
A casting technique in which the mold consists of several sections that are connected during the pouring of molten metal, usually bronze.
Amateratsu
is a sun goddess and one of the principal Shinto deities. She is said to be directly linked in lineage to the Imperial Household of Japan and the Emperor, who are considered descendants of the kami themselves.
Zhou Dynasty
#4 (1045 BCE to 480 BCE), Ceremonial Vessel (Yu), Jade Plaque with interlaced dragons, Confusious.
night attack on the sanjo palace
late 13th c., handscroll
Southern Song Dynasty
#12 (1127 to 1279 CE). Art becomes more contemplative, spiritual almost poetic. Great rejection of Xie He's 6 cannons and instead moves toward work which shows individual character and spirit of work by simplest means. THe ideas of Chan Buddhism (Zen) become very important to art. This period sees: Scholar Contemplating the Moon (Ma Yuan 1200 CE), Chopping Bamboo at the moment of Enlightenment (from The Sixth Patriarch by Liang Kai, 1200 CE), Six Persimmons (Muqi in 1250 CE), Simplistic ceramics, crazing in glazes with more elegant shapes (12 century).
Xia Dynasty
# 2 (2205 BCE to 1700 BCE), Bronze Age
interior of audience hall
nishi hongan-ji, Kyoto 1630
Kongo Rikishi
south gate of todai-ji, Nara by Unkei 1203
Travelers amid Mountains and Streams
Northern Song Dynasty. (1000 CE) by Fan Kuan (considered on of the Wenren Artists). Master of the Cun brushstroke, his work shows the majestic power of nature when regarded as a whole and when admired from close up we see the rich variety of textures working in perfect harmony. Epitome of Chan Buddhist (in its spirit and inspiration) and Confusian (in how it achieves perfect ordering of all parts in a single system of relationships)
garden of the daisen-in
of daitoku-ji, Kyoto attributed to Soami, 1510
Warring States Period
#5 (480 BCE to 221 BCE), ended by the QIn Dynasty and emperor Qin Shihhuangdi who unified China
One Hundred horses at pasture
giuseppe Castiglione (lan shi'ning) 1730
OIl on canvas painting with classical western influence modeled and posed
Ravi Varma the triumph of Indrajit, 1903
national assembly building
by louis kahn, dhaka, bangladesh 1962-1982
Parts of the Soul in Daoism
Pu part of the soul that stays with the body as long as its preserved, and the hun which leaves it on the journey to paradise.
Neolithic Period in China
# 1 (7000 BCE to 2250 BCE) Remains as early as 6000 BCE, along yellow river, Jade Cong 2000 BCE, we see the beginning of writing, by the end the use of bronze
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