Exam Study Guide Flashcards

Terms Definitions
gamma rays are...
electromagnetic
the unit m(3) meausres
volume
Sulphur 34 contains
18 neutrons
what unit messures radiation
roentgen
What scientist discovered electrons?
J.J Thompson
*Quantitative observations are recorded using
numerical info.
Mendeleev attempted to organize the elements based on their
properties
The distance between two succesive peaks on a wave is its
wavelength
Which group are the noble gases?
18
An example of extensive physical property is
mass
Group... in the periodic table contains only metals.
22
for electromagnetic radiation,c equals...
frequency times wavelength
Who called the atom the atom?
Democritis
the electron configuration of nitrogen is 1s2 2s2 2p3. how many more electrons does nitrogen need to satisfy the octect rule?
8
isotopes of an element contain different numbers of
neutrons
a mutual elecrtical attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons of a different atoms that binds the atoms together is called
chemical bonds
what is the atomic number of tungsten
74
The elemnts that border the zigzag line in the peridic table are
metalloids.
A physical property may be investigated by?
Melting ice
The electron-sea model of bonding represents
metallic bonding
The study of substances containing carbon is
Organic chemistry
mendeleev noticed that properties of elements usually repeated at regualar intervals when the elements were arranged in...
atomic mass
Valence electrons
are in the highest energy level
experiments with cathode rays led to the discovery of the..
electron
which of the following processes always decreases the number of protons by an even number?
alpha decay
the most reactive group of nonmetals are the..
halogens
the symbol that represets the measured unit for volume is
mL
The element that has the greatest electronegativity is
Fluorine
*A mutual electrical attraction btween the nuclei and valence electrons of different atoms that binds atoms together is called
chemical bond
a covalent bond results when _______ are shared
electrons
a negative ion is known as a
anion
an example of a molecular formula is
NH3
Electron
a subatomic particle that has a negative charge
To which group do lithium and potassium belong?
alkali metals
Mendeleev predicted that the spaces in he periodic table represented
undiscovered elements
If two covalently bonded atoms are identical the bond is
nonpolar covalent
The main energy level that can hold only two electrons is the
first
How many minutes are in a week?
10,080 minutes
Which group do lithium and patassium belong?
alkali metals
The most useful source of chemical information about the elements is a
periodic table
what are the radioactive elements with atomic number from 90 to 103 in the periodic called...
the actinides
A covalent bond results when ____ are shared?
electrons
How many groups are found on the periodic table?
18
the chemical bond formed when two atoms share electrons is called a(n)..
covalent bond
the smallest unit of an element that can exist alone or in combination with other such particles is an..
atom
the number of orbitals for the d sublevel is..
5
Max Plancsk proposed that a hot object radiated energy in small, specific amounts called
quanta
the energy required to remove an electron from an atom is the atom's
ionization energy
the metric unit for length that is closest to the thickness of a dime is the
millimeter
within a group of elements, as the atomic number increases, the atomic radius
increases
A chemical bond resulting from the electrostatic attraction b/t positive and negative ions is called an
ionic bond
which rays have the most penetrating power
Gamma Rays
as it travels through space, electromagnetic radiation
exhibits wavelike behavior
What is chemistry?
The study of the composition, structure, and properties of matter, the processes that matter undergoes, and the energy changes that accompany these processes
the symbol for the metric unit used to measure mass is
g
The principle that states that the physical and chemical properties of the elemtns are periodic functions of their atomic number is
the peridoic law
an element with 8 electrons from its highest main energy level is a
noble gas
an element with 8 electrons in its highest main energy level is a...
noble gas
Standards are chosen because they
are reproducble in another labratory
standards are chosen because they..
are reproducible in another laboratory.
The forces that hold the particals in the neucleus together are called
nuclear forces
Atomic mass
the mass of an atom expressed in atomic mass units
Basic research is carried out for
the sake of increasing knowledge
all atoms of the same element have the same..
ATOMIC NUMBER
The SI units for length and mass are
meter and kilogram
Mass number
the sum of protons and neutrons of the nucleus of an atom
A physical change occurs when a...
glue gun melts a glue stick
To calculate the density of an object
divide its mass by volume
To calculate the density of an object,
divide its mass by it volume
TO draw a lewis structure, one must know the
number of valence electrons in each atom
atoms are...
more stable
Gamma rays are
electromagnetic waves
Phosphorus 33 contains
18 neutrons
the B--F in BF3 is
ionic
an octct is equal to...
8
An octet is = to?
8
qualitative observation are recorded using
non-numerical infomation
Rutherford's experiments led to the discovery of the
nucleus.
Quantitive observations are recorded using?
non-numerical information
In SI, the frequency of electromagnetic radiation is measured in
Hertz
who called the atom an atom...
democritus
Argon, krypton, and xenon are
noble gases
A covalent bond results when---are shared
electrons
The symbol that represents the measured unit for volume is
mL
The discovery of the noble gases changed Mendeleev's periodic table by adding a new
group
To which group do flourine and chlorine belong?
Halogens
the branch of chemistry concerned withtheproperties, changes, and relationships betwen energy and matteris
theoretical chemistry
a negative ion is known as an
anion
The brach of chemistry that includes the study of materials and processes that occur in living things is?
Biochemistry
the number of significant figures in 170.040 is
6
The elements that border the zigzag line in the periodic table are...
metalloids
Group what in the periodic table contains only metals.
2
a negative ion is known as a(n)..
anion
group _____ in the periodic table contains only metals
2
A quantum of electromagnetic energy is called an
photon
* Rutherfords experiments led to the discovery of the
nucleus
the number of valence electrons in group 2 elements are
2
what is the total number of electrons needed to fill the first two main energy levels?
10
a nuclear partical that has about the same mass as a proton, but with no electrical charge, is called
neutron
if two covalent bonded atoms are identical, the bond
non-polar covalent
two features that distinguish matter are
mass and volume.
For the f sublevel, the number of orbitals is
seven
ELEMENTS IN THE D SUBLEVEL IS BEING FILLED have the properties of...
metals
Technology is the...
application of scientific knowledge to solve problems.
One half the distance between the nuclei of identical atoms that are bonded together
atomic radius
If the atoms that share electrons have an unequal attraction for the electrons, the bond is
polar
a neutral group of atoms held together by covalent bonds is a..
molecule
Max Planck proposed that a hot object radiated energy in small, specific amounts called..
quanta
reactions that affect the nucleus of an atom are called
nuclear reactions
the most useful source of general information about the elements for anyone associated with chemistry is a
periodic table
The symbol for the metric unit to maesure mass is
g
Atoms are ----- when they are combined
more stable
reactions that affect the neucleus of an atom are called
neuclear reactions
most chemical bonds are
partly ionic and partly covalent
Elements in a group or column in the periodic table can be expected to have similar
properties
THe # of valence electrons in group 2 elements is
2
How many double bonds are in the Lewis structure of HF?
0
who was the school master who studied chemistry and proposed an atomic theory...
john dalton
The chemical bond formed when 2 atoms share electrons is called
covalent bond
divide 5.7m by 2m. the quotient is correctly reported as..
3 m
1/2 the distance between the nuclei of identical atomsd that are bonded together are called
atomic radius
What does the 218 in Polonium-218 represent
the mass number
the SI standard unit for length and mass are
meter and kilometer
The melting of candle wax is classified as a physical change because it?
Produces no new substances
Basic research is
carried out for the sake of increasing knowledge
The state of matter in hich a material has a def. shape and def. volume
solid state
Orbital
a region in an atom where there is a high probability of finding electrons
poor precisions in scientific measurment may arise from...
both humane error and the limitations of the measuring instrument.
poor precision in scientific measurements may arise from
both human erroe and the limitations of the measuring instrument
Why should scientists record all observations, even those that appear insignificant
They should b/c later on another scientist could use their observations for another research or something
peril
danger








 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 










When








 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 










The free market system disfavors monopolies unless
there is a compelling justification for them.


tenacity
firmness; persistence
21st amendment
ended prohibition
FAR 42
CONTRACT AUDIT
hardening of the arteries
arteriosclerosis
dogmatism
dogmatic character; unfounded positiveness in matters of opinion; arrogant assertion of opinions as truths.
Reason
The capacity of logical thought
Bifurcation
DP cases, two different trials
opulent
characterized by or exhibiting opulence:
True
High mass stars exhibit crushing stellar core pressure
Ida Tarbell
Leading muckraking journalist whose articles documented the Standard Oil Company's abuse of power
research proposal
A(n) ____________________ is a proposal that usually requests funding for a research project.
altering gene frequencies of plants and animals
cultigen
Revocation
Effective when the offeree receives it.
Chaotic
What term best reflects conditions in Europe after 1815?
geology
The scientific study of the origin, history, and structure of the earth.
militarianism
the developement of armed forces, and their use of diplomacy.
Lemniscal pathway:
ascending pathway
decussate in the medulla oblongata
sensory
affects the same side
=SUM(ABOVE)
The existing formula for summing a column in a table is ____.
what items on ground handling bus
doorsfloorspump aux4fuel
night terrors
abrupt awakening from non-REM sleep with intense autonomic arousal and the appearance of being terrified; usually in children 3-8yrs old
National Park and preserve which shows the results of the great Novarupta Volcano explosion
Katmau
contracture
a permanent shortening of the muscle or tenson in response to continued hypertonic stress exerted on the muclse or tendon.
reaction formation
causes the ego to unconsciously switch unacceptable impulses into their opposites. People may express feelings of purity when they may be suffering anxiety from unconscious feelings about sex.
Squanto and Samoset
Native American who taught colonists in Plymouth about farming
Components that begin with the letter towards the left margin, what letter style is this ?
Block style.
Tecumseh
A Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as The Prophet, worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. The league of tribes was defeated by an American army led by William Henry Harrison at the Battle of Tippecanoe in 1811. Tecumseh was killed fighting for the British during the War of 1812 at the Battle of the Thames in 1813.
Bride wealth
The monetary gift that the husband gives to the wives family.
declaration of independence
proclamation of liberty by American colonies in 1776
navigation act
any of several acts of Parliament between 1651 and 1847 designed primarily to expand British trade and limit trade by British colonies with countries that were rivals of Great Britain.
Virginia Declaration of Rights
What documents states that all Virginians have many rights, including freedom of religion and freedom of the press?
Taft's political mishandling of tariff and conservation policies
(Cause/Effect) Incensed pro-Roosevelt progressives and increased their attacks on the Republican Old Guard
If you want to remove a watermark, click No watermark in the ____________________ dialog box.
printed watermark
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
denounced Sedition Acts, calling them "unconstitutional"*initiated the concept of nullification of federal laws
other creator gods
kickapoo aka kitzihiat made stars and heavens wisaka(kickapoos son) hare raven spider wisaka variant god which means trickster
what is the kuomintang
national peoples party by sun yixain
Fossils take several forms. What are the most important oens?
body and trace fossils
landscape
When the long edge of the paper is at the top, Word is printing a document in the ____ orientation.
Intramembranous Ossification
occurs in all bone and occurs in the membrane.
Differentiate between the secretions of merocrine glands and apocrine glands.
Merocrine secretion - cells secrete their product through exocytosis and remain intact after secretionApocrine secretion - cells secrete their product by destroying their apex membrane so that the product flows out of the cell into the excretion duct.
what was a reason for instability in ancient mesopotamia?
rivalries between independent city-states
latent content
meaning of the dream is a way to solve a problem
Explain "no taxation without representation".
We don't want taxes unless we have respresentation for them.
The anatomical basis of muscular dystrophe
The commen cause is protein absence and most of these proteins are specificly important in muscle cell structure.
How can collaboration systems manage content?
Your choice depends on the degree of control your team needs to complete their tasks
what powers apu stby bus with batt pwr only
apu batt bus through apu stby inverter
What is the purpose of the Federal Deposit Isurance Corporation (FDIC)?
to protect the $$ you deposited in the bank
Moon
Monday
Least Common
AB
Persian Gulf War
Bush
floridity
reddish; ruddy; rosy:
Dilatant flow
Shear thickening system
A. anamensis
Earliest known Australopithecus species (4.2-3.9 m.y.a.) Kenya.
(ca. 4 MYA)
- the most primitive DEFINITE hominin
- discovered in 1994 near Lake Turkana
- probably ancestral to A. afarensis
- lived in dry woodlands and gallery forests
- large molars w/ thick enamel ~ human-like
- canines are reduced in size ~ human-like
- knee and ankle indicate bipedalism ~ human-like
- dental arcade is U-shaped ~ ape-like
- ear holes are small and elliptical ~ ape-like
Trompe l' oeil
"trick the eye"
CHALLENGE FOR CAUSEHABEAS CORPUSLAY WITNESSSTANDARD OF PROOFDOUBLE JEOPARDYEVIDENCERIGHT AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATIONJURY CHARGEDEATH PENALTYGOOD TIMEDETERRENCELETHAL INJECTIONJUDICIAL DISCRETIONPAROLESENTENCINGRETRIBUTIONFINESDAY REPORTING CENTERSPROBATION REVOCATION HEARINGPROBATIONHOME MONITORING PROGRAMSBOOT CAMPSSHOCK INCARCERATIONINTERMEDIATE SANCTIONSDRUG COURTMEN'S PRISONWOMEN'S PRISONS PRISON GANGSPRISON SECURITYRELATIVE DEPRIVATION THEORYPAROLED SEX OFFENDERSPRISONIZATIONPRISONER'S RIGHTSMALE OFFENDERSFEMALE OFFENDERSPAROLE BOARDPROBATION CONDITIONSINTERMEDIATE SANCTIONSRESTITUTIONFORFEITURE RUIZ V. ESTELLEBELL V. WOLFISHGAGNON V. SCARPELLIMORRISSEY V. BREWERFEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONSCURFEWELECTRONIC MONITORINGHOME CONFINEMENTHOME DETENTIONHOME INCARCERATIONCONGREGATE SYSTEMELMIRA REFORMATORYNEW YORK'S AUBURN PRISONPENNSYLVANIA'S EASTER AND WESTERN PENITENTIARYNEW PENOLOGYFEDERAL PRISONSPRISON MODELSPRISON RIOTSPRISON LEVELS (MINIMUM-SUPERMAX)AMERICA'S 1ST PENITENTIARY
plenary
full; complete; entire; absolute; unqualified:
Disconformity
strata on either side are parallel
Castlereagh
British representative at Congress of Vienna.
shape
direction of melody - up/down, large/small, static
Astrodomain and Johnson Space Center, Country's 4th largest city
Houston
geometric isomers (cis-trans stereoisomers)
cis-trans (or E,Z) isomers
Building codes
standards for construction and safety. included fire escapes, indoor plumbing.
Alfred Wegner
scientist who thought up the contiental drift theory
Conus medullaris
terminal portion of the spinal cord
prior knowledge.
 
knowing something before it is needed.
 
ex:
i knew every fishes name in finding nemo before i even had seen the movie.
Meaning of Sikh
disciples, student, seeker of truth
punishment
an event that decreases the likelihood that the behavior follows
chaaing kai shek claimed contorol of china from
taiwan
Future perfect.
a perfective tense used to describe action that will be completed in the future
Lunar Orbiter
Spacecraft designed by U.S. for lunar exploration by orbiting the moon, taking photos and collect data
Vasco de Gama
Portuguese captain who sailed for India in 1497; established early Portuguese dominance in Indian Ocean.
nato warsaw pact
NATO is North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which consists of the Neterlands, France, Italy, Canada, and Great Britain, and they formed a military alliance to protect each other from the Soviet aggression in 1949. In 1955, a similar military alliance was formed by Soviet Union with countries such as Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, and Hungary and is known as the Warsaw Treaty Organization, or the Warsaw Pact.
False
To create a complex table, one with different numbers of rows and columns, select the dimension of the table in the Table gallery.
Zeus
-he chief god -thought to rule the sky, weather, and thunderstorms
Le Million
used music to undermine illusion of reality (characters sing lines, mismatching of sound & image
Purpose of having a Presidential veto
Checks and Balances
hovel
a small, very humble dwelling house; a wretched hut.
What are the stages in a thunderstorm
cumulus, mature, dissapating
reincarnation
Is a punishment or a reward for the life one led before
To move rightward from one cell to the next, what key should you press ?
TAB.
The Great Awakening
The Great Awakening was a sudden outbreak of religious fervor that swept through the colonies. One of the first events to unify the colonies.
What is an example of telegraphic speech?
\" Want Cookie\"
angel
one of a class of spiritual beings; a celestial attendant of God. In medieval angelology, angels constituted the lowest of the nine celestial orders (seraphim, cherubim, thrones, dominations or dominions, virtues, powers, principalities or princedoms, arc
SA: Government printing office
it does printing for the entire federal government
balance of trade
the total value of a nation's exports compared to its imports measured over a particular period
verbal vs. quantitative SAT scores
men score slightly higher in quantitative areas of the SAT and girls do slightly better in verbal areas
ataturk PAM was...
a sturcture built in s.e. anatolia in turkey in 1980
Processing at the Receptor Lever
The receptor must have specificity for the stimulus energy The receptor’s receptive field must be stimulatedStimulus energy must be converted into a graded potentialA generator potential in the associated sensory neuron must reach threshold. So it can be an action potential
What is a redox reaction?
E- transfer from one reactants to anotherEnergy is generated from reaction which must be conserved in the form of high-energy phosphate bonds for cell function
Is there any conjunctiva on the cornea?
 

§No cause when you get conjunctivitis your eye turns pink you will become blind. The cornea is one of the fastest healing parts of your body.
How do the skulls of H. erectus compare to the skulls of H. sapiens, and what does this comparison suggest about behavior?
Skull bones thicker, cranial capacity smaller, broad based angular shape
What is the difference between BOD, COD and TOC?
BOD - Amount of dissolved oxygen consumed by microorganisms during the biochemical oxidation of organic (carbonaceous BOD) and inorganic (ammonia) matter.Major objective of domestic waste treatment is the reduction of BOD. BOD: solids (suspended matter) or soluble; COD: Chemical Oxygen Demand: amount of O2 to oxide organic carbon to CO2 and H2O. Measured by oxidation with potassium dichromate in the presence of sulfuric acid and silver. BOD/COD = 0.5, if below 0.3 non biodegradable organic compoundsTOC= total organic carbon. Oxidation of OM with heat and Oxygen and measured CO2 liberated.
What is the general purpose of Luke?
Present Jesus as the perfect Son of Man in a way that would make sense to the Greeks (Gentiles) among whom Paul had proclaimed the gospel of Jesus Christ
What is the Delt Creed, third stanza?
(3) I believe in Delta Tau Delta as an abiding influence to help me do my work, fulfill my obligations, maintain my self-respect, and bring about that happy life wherein I may more truly love my fellow men, serve my country, and obey my God.
nada
nothing
Sandinistas out
Bush
insolent
insulting or arrogant
Atratracurium
Tn: Tracrium
Cat: NMBA-Paralytic
Ind: Mech Ventilation
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
FAR 50
EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS
Weimer Republic
Weak post-Kaiser/WWI democratic government
Cyclosporine allergy
Avoid sandimune and gengraf
Obligor
One obligated to do something.
dike
a intrusive igneous feature that occurs when magma is injected into fractures in surronding rock cutting through pre existing rock layers
gap
Pioneers searched for one through which they could pass in the Appalachians
What is the normal body temperature?
 
38*C
Leaves
Horizontal Axis of display containing the trailing digits
Adams-Onis treaty gave us Florida. What country was it with?
Spain
Possessive Noun.
noun that shows ownership or relationship
1787
When was the Constitution of the United States of America written?
Little Bighorn
Greatest battle of the Indian Wars
petroleum
oil is the everyday name for petroleum.
All documents have at least one ___.
section.
Crete
-an islan southeast of the Greek mainland
fricatives
A consonant sound produced with so narrow a constriction in the vocal tract as to create sound through friction eg., (s). (f).
Pseudocoelomate
body cavity lined by tissue derives from mesodern and ednoderm; not completely lined.
extort
to wrest or wring (money, information, etc.) from a person by violence, intimidation, or abuse of authority; obtain by force, torture, threat, or the like.
Etchings
differs from engraving in the way the lines are cut into the matrix.
popular sovereignty
The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
All salad dressings
Ranch, low-cal ranch, light italian, catalina, oil & vinegar, bleu cheese, honey mustard, 1000 Island, lime vinegrette, catalina, classic caesar, spicy caesar, blue cheese vinegrette
Antecedents to Beliefs
situations or conditions that \"set the stage\" for or influence the development of our beliefs
CHF- meds to treat
digoxin to increase myocardial contractility, diuretics (furosemide, spironolactone) to reduce intravascular volume, ACE inhibitors to reduce workload of myocardium (captopril, enalapril, lisinopril)Beta- adrenergic blockers (metoprolol, carvedilol)
nautical
of or pertaining to sailors, ships, or navigation:
what is bail?
money or property an accused person gives a court to holdas a guarntee that he or she will appear for a tarial.
Irish Free State
created by the British parliament in January 22. Made Ireland a dominion within the British Commonwealth but many Irish republicans still wanted severance of all formal ties to Britain and creation of a republic.
Generalized reciprocity
a charitable gift of goods that one does not expect a return directly linked to it
Portions: Steak Queso
Same as queso blanco, just add tenderloin.
Affective Disposition
the tendency to respond to classes of environmental stimuli in predetermined affect-based ways. and is related to your level of job satisfaction. some ppl respond to the world in a favorable way while others don't.
Donee beneficiary
The promisee is making a gift, the third party is a...
4 fundamental forces
Gravity - dominant force on a large scale
Electromagnetic - force which dominates atomic and molecular interactions
Strong - force which holds atomic nuclei together
Weak - force which mediates nuclear reactions
The crista ampullaris (or crista):
 
§Is the receptor for dynamic equilibrium
§Is located in the ampulla of each semicircular canal
§Responds to angular movements
 
§has support cells and hair cells that extend into a gel-like mass called the cupula
§Dendrites of vestibular nerve fibers encircle the base of the hair cells
The Louisiana Purchase
1803 - The U.S. purchased the land from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains from Napoleon for $15 million. Jefferson was interested in the territory because it would give the U.S. the Mississippi River and New Orleans (both were valuable for trade and shipping) and also room to expand. Napoleon wanted to sell because he needed money for his European campaigns and because a rebellion against the French in Haiti had soured him on the idea of New World colonies. The Constitution did not give the federal government the power to buy land, so Jefferson used loose construction to justify the purchase.
navigation acts
a series of laws passed by parliment , begining in 1651, to ensure that england made money from its colonys trade.
how do they reproduce
they rely on other organisms such as insects to transport pollen/seeds
What three factors led to the rise of the Sahel Empires.
Camels, gold, Islam.
key areas of upwelling/divergence & why
at the equator -- winds are converging
How does PMF form through out cell memrane?
By chemi-osmosis (change in concentration across membrane) generated by the electron transport chain in aerobic respiration
What do you need to obtain from the guests during the greet?
Drink orders, and app orders.
What did the Sons of Liberty do?
They put feathers and hot tar on taxes.
If a normal weight woman loses 10% of body fat, what will happen to her fertility?
A decrease in estrogen, Results in amenorrhea, anovulatory cycles, & short or absent luteal phases
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